5U0T

Crystal structure of a methyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of gentamicin in complex with (1R,2S,3S,4R,6S)-4,6-diamino-3-{[3-deoxy-3-(methylamino)-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-2-hydroxycyclohexyl 2,6-diamino-2,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.109 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Basis of the Selectivity of GenN, an Aminoglycoside N-Methyltransferase Involved in Gentamicin Biosynthesis.

Bury, P.D.S.Huang, F.Li, S.Sun, Y.Leadlay, P.F.Dias, M.V.B.

(2017) ACS Chem. Biol. 12: 2779-2787

  • DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.7b00466
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Gentamicins are heavily methylated, clinically valuable pseudotrisaccharide antibiotics produced by Micromonospora echinospora. GenN has been characterized as an S-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent methyltransferase with low sequence similarity to othe ...

    Gentamicins are heavily methylated, clinically valuable pseudotrisaccharide antibiotics produced by Micromonospora echinospora. GenN has been characterized as an S-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent methyltransferase with low sequence similarity to other enzymes. It is responsible for the 3″-N-methylation of 3″-dehydro-3″-amino-gentamicin A2, an essential modification of ring III in the biosynthetic pathway to the gentamicin C complex. Purified recombinant GenN also efficiently catalyzes 3″-N-methylation of related aminoglycosides kanamycin B and tobramycin, which both contain an additional hydroxymethyl group at the C5″ position in ring III. We have obtained eight cocrystal structures of GenN, at a resolution of 2.2 Å or better, including the binary complex of GenN and S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine (SAH) and the ternary complexes of GenN, SAH, and several aminoglycosides. The GenN structure reveals several features not observed in any other N-methyltransferase that fit it for its role in gentamicin biosynthesis. These include a novel N-terminal domain that might be involved in protein:protein interaction with upstream enzymes of the gentamicin X2 biosynthesis and two long loops that are involved in aminoglycoside substrate recognition. In addition, the analysis of structures of GenN in complex with different ligands, supported by the results of active site mutagenesis, has allowed us to propose a catalytic mechanism and has revealed the structural basis for the surprising ability of native GenN to act on these alternative substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biomedical Science, University of São Paulo , São Paulo, Brazil.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Putative gentamicin methyltransferase
A
341Micromonospora echinosporaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: genN
Find proteins for Q2MG72 (Micromonospora echinospora)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q2MG72
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
7QM
Query on 7QM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
(1R,2S,3S,4R,6S)-4,6-diamino-3-{[3-deoxy-3-(methylamino)-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-2-hydroxycyclohexyl 2,6-diamino-2,6-dideoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranoside
C19 H39 N5 O10
DXFGBSJHOFHYGL-OADJNCRJSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SAH
Query on SAH

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
S-ADENOSYL-L-HOMOCYSTEINE
C14 H20 N6 O5 S
ZJUKTBDSGOFHSH-WFMPWKQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.109 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.815α = 90.00
b = 69.886β = 90.00
c = 84.700γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing
XDSdata reduction
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
FAPESPBrazil2010/15971-3

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-11-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-29
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-04-18
    Type: Data collection