SAR405838: an optimized inhibitor of MDM2-p53 interaction that induces complete and durable tumor regression.Wang, S., Sun, W., Zhao, Y., McEachern, D., Meaux, I., Barriere, C., Stuckey, J.A., Meagher, J.L., Bai, L., Liu, L., Hoffman-Luca, C.G., Lu, J., Shangary, S., Yu, S., Bernard, D., Aguilar, A., Dos-Santos, O., Besret, L., Guerif, S., Pannier, P., Gorge-Bernat, D., Debussche, L.
(2014) Cancer Res 74: 5855-5865
- PubMed: 25145672
- DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-14-0799
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Blocking the oncoprotein murine double minute 2 (MDM2)-p53 protein-protein interaction has long been considered to offer a broad cancer therapeutic strategy, despite the potential risks of selecting tumors harboring p53 mutations that escape MDM2 control ...
Blocking the oncoprotein murine double minute 2 (MDM2)-p53 protein-protein interaction has long been considered to offer a broad cancer therapeutic strategy, despite the potential risks of selecting tumors harboring p53 mutations that escape MDM2 control. In this study, we report a novel small-molecule inhibitor of the MDM2-p53 interaction, SAR405838 (MI-77301), that has been advanced into phase I clinical trials. SAR405838 binds to MDM2 with K(i) = 0.88 nmol/L and has high specificity over other proteins. A cocrystal structure of the SAR405838:MDM2 complex shows that, in addition to mimicking three key p53 amino acid residues, the inhibitor captures additional interactions not observed in the p53-MDM2 complex and induces refolding of the short, unstructured MDM2 N-terminal region to achieve its high affinity. SAR405838 effectively activates wild-type p53 in vitro and in xenograft tumor tissue of leukemia and solid tumors, leading to p53-dependent cell-cycle arrest and/or apoptosis. At well-tolerated dose schedules, SAR405838 achieves either durable tumor regression or complete tumor growth inhibition in mouse xenograft models of SJSA-1 osteosarcoma, RS4;11 acute leukemia, LNCaP prostate cancer, and HCT-116 colon cancer. Remarkably, a single oral dose of SAR405838 is sufficient to achieve complete tumor regression in the SJSA-1 model. Mechanistically, robust transcriptional upregulation of PUMA induced by SAR405838 results in strong apoptosis in tumor tissue, leading to complete tumor regression. Our findings provide a preclinical basis upon which to evaluate SAR405838 as a therapeutic agent in patients whose tumors retain wild-type p53.
Sanofi Oncology, Vitry-sur-Seine, France.