5T8R

Crystal structure of human BAZ2A PHD zinc finger in complex with unmodified H3 10-mer


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis of molecular recognition of helical histone H3 tail by PHD finger domains.

Bortoluzzi, A.Amato, A.Lucas, X.Blank, M.Ciulli, A.

(2017) Biochem J 474: 1633-1651

  • DOI: 10.1042/BCJ20161053
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5T8R

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The plant homeodomain (PHD) fingers are among the largest family of epigenetic domains, first characterized as readers of methylated H3K4. Readout of histone post-translational modifications by PHDs has been the subject of intense investigation; however, less is known about the recognition of secondary structure features within the histone tail itself ...

    The plant homeodomain (PHD) fingers are among the largest family of epigenetic domains, first characterized as readers of methylated H3K4. Readout of histone post-translational modifications by PHDs has been the subject of intense investigation; however, less is known about the recognition of secondary structure features within the histone tail itself. We solved the crystal structure of the PHD finger of the bromodomain adjacent to zinc finger 2A [BAZ2A, also known as TIP5 (TTF-I/interacting protein 5)] in complex with unmodified N-terminal histone H3 tail. The peptide is bound in a helical folded-back conformation after K4, induced by an acidic patch on the protein surface that prevents peptide binding in an extended conformation. Structural bioinformatics analyses identify a conserved Asp/Glu residue that we name 'acidic wall', found to be mutually exclusive with the conserved Trp for K4Me recognition. Neutralization or inversion of the charges at the acidic wall patch in BAZ2A, and homologous BAZ2B, weakened H3 binding. We identify simple mutations on H3 that strikingly enhance or reduce binding, as a result of their stabilization or destabilization of H3 helicity. Our work unravels the structural basis for binding of the helical H3 tail by PHD fingers and suggests that molecular recognition of secondary structure motifs within histone tails could represent an additional layer of regulation in epigenetic processes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, James Black Centre, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, U.K. a.ciulli@dundee.ac.uk.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Bromodomain adjacent to zinc finger domain protein 2AA, B, C, D58Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: BAZ2AKIAA0314TIP5
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q9UIF9 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9UIF9 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UIF9
PHAROS:  Q9UIF9
GTEx:  ENSG00000076108 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ9UIF9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3.1E,
F [auth G]
10Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P68431 
Go to UniProtKB:  P68431
PHAROS:  P68431
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP68431
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.188 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 72.607α = 90
b = 72.607β = 90
c = 99.431γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Aimlessdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-04-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-05-17
    Changes: Database references