Properties of a family 56 carbohydrate-binding module and its role in the recognition and hydrolysis of beta-1,3-glucan.Hettle, A., Fillo, A., Abe, K., Massel, P., Pluvinage, B., Langelaan, D.N., Smith, S.P., Boraston, A.B.
(2017) J Biol Chem 292: 16955-16968
- PubMed: 28827308
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M117.806711
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
BH0236 from Bacillus halodurans is a multimodular β-1,3-glucanase comprising an N-terminal family 81 glycoside hydrolase catalytic module, an internal family 6 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) that binds the nonreducing end of β-1,3-glucan chains, and an uncharacterized C-terminal module classified into CBM family 56 ...
BH0236 from Bacillus halodurans is a multimodular β-1,3-glucanase comprising an N-terminal family 81 glycoside hydrolase catalytic module, an internal family 6 carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) that binds the nonreducing end of β-1,3-glucan chains, and an uncharacterized C-terminal module classified into CBM family 56. Here, we determined that this latter CBM, BhCBM56, bound the soluble β-1,3-glucan laminarin with a dissociation constant ( K d ) of ∼26 μm and displayed higher affinity for insoluble β-1,3-glucans with K d values of ∼2-10 μm but lacked affinity for β-1,3-glucooligosaccharides. The X-ray crystal structure of BhCBM56 and NMR-derived chemical shift mapping of the binding site revealed a β-sandwich fold, with the face of one β-sheet possessing the β-1,3-glucan-binding surface. On the basis of the functional and structural properties of BhCBM56, we propose that it binds a quaternary polysaccharide structure, most likely the triple helix adopted by polymerized β-1,3-glucans. Consistent with the BhCBM56 and BhCBM6/56 binding profiles, deletion of the CBM56 from BH0236 decreased activity of the enzyme on the insoluble β-1,3-glucan curdlan but not on soluble laminarin; additional deletion of the CBM6 also did not affect laminarin degradation but further decreased curdlan hydrolysis. The pseudo-atomic solution structure of BH0236 determined by small-angle X-ray scattering revealed structural insights into the nature of avid binding by the BhCBM6/56 pair and how the orientation of the active site in the catalytic module factors into recognition and degradation of β-1,3-glucans. Our findings reinforce the notion that catalytic modules and their cognate CBMs have complementary specificities, including targeting of polysaccharide quaternary structure.
From the Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 3P6, Canada and email@example.com.