5OCW

Structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis tryptophan synthase in space group F222


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.368 
  • R-Value Work: 0.358 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Inhibiting mycobacterial tryptophan synthase by targeting the inter-subunit interface.

Abrahams, K.A.Cox, J.A.G.Futterer, K.Rullas, J.Ortega-Muro, F.Loman, N.J.Moynihan, P.J.Perez-Herran, E.Jimenez, E.Esquivias, J.Barros, D.Ballell, L.Alemparte, C.Besra, G.S.

(2017) Sci Rep 7: 9430-9430

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-09642-y

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Drug discovery efforts against the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) have been advanced through phenotypic screens of extensive compound libraries. Such a screen revealed sulfolane 1 and indoline-5-sulfonamides 2 and 3 as potent inhibitors of ...

    Drug discovery efforts against the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) have been advanced through phenotypic screens of extensive compound libraries. Such a screen revealed sulfolane 1 and indoline-5-sulfonamides 2 and 3 as potent inhibitors of mycobacterial growth. Optimization in the sulfolane series led to compound 4, which has proven activity in an in vivo murine model of Mtb infection. Here we identify the target and mode of inhibition of these compounds based on whole genome sequencing of spontaneous resistant mutants, which identified mutations locating to the essential α- and β-subunits of tryptophan synthase. Over-expression studies confirmed tryptophan synthase as the biological target. Biochemical techniques probed the mechanism of inhibition, revealing the mutant enzyme complex incurs a fitness cost but does not prevent inhibitor binding. Mapping of the resistance conferring mutations onto a low-resolution crystal structure of Mtb tryptophan synthase showed they locate to the interface between the α- and β-subunits. The discovery of anti-tubercular agents inhibiting tryptophan synthase highlights the therapeutic potential of this enzyme and draws attention to the prospect of other amino acid biosynthetic pathways as future Mtb drug targets.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Microbiology and Infection, School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tryptophan synthase alpha chain
A, C, E, G, I, K, M, O, Q, S, U, W
290Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: trpA
EC: 4.2.1.20
Find proteins for P9WFY1 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WFY1
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tryptophan synthase beta chain
B, D, F, H, J, L, N, P, R, T, V, X
442Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: trpB
EC: 4.2.1.20
Find proteins for P9WFX9 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WFX9
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
P1T
Query on P1T

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, D, F, H, J, L, N, P, R, T, V, X
2-[({3-HYDROXY-2-METHYL-5-[(PHOSPHONOOXY)METHYL]PYRIDIN-4-YL}METHYL)AMINO]ACRYLIC ACID
C11 H15 N2 O7 P
BXUDKFHCAMQSRX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.368 
  • R-Value Work: 0.358 
  • Space Group: F 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 426.050α = 90.00
b = 432.110β = 90.00
c = 434.030γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Medical Research Council (United Kingdom)United Kingdom--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-07-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-06
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-04-25
    Type: Data collection
  • Version 1.3: 2018-10-24
    Type: Advisory, Data collection, Derived calculations