5O19

Japanese encephalitis virus non-structural protein 1 C-terminal domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Study of the C-Terminal Domain of Nonstructural Protein 1 from Japanese Encephalitis Virus.

Poonsiri, T.Wright, G.S.A.Diamond, M.S.Turtle, L.Solomon, T.Antonyuk, S.V.

(2018) J Virol 92

  • DOI: 10.1128/JVI.01868-17
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5O19, 5O36

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus that is closely related to other emerging viral pathogens, including dengue virus (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV), and Zika virus (ZIKV). JEV infection can result in meningitis and encephalitis, which in severe cases cause permanent brain damage and death ...

    Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus that is closely related to other emerging viral pathogens, including dengue virus (DENV), West Nile virus (WNV), and Zika virus (ZIKV). JEV infection can result in meningitis and encephalitis, which in severe cases cause permanent brain damage and death. JEV occurs predominantly in rural areas throughout Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Far East, causing around 68,000 cases of infection worldwide each year. In this report, we present a 2.1-Å-resolution crystal structure of the C-terminal β-ladder domain of JEV nonstructural protein 1 (NS1-C). The surface charge distribution of JEV NS1-C is similar to those of WNV and ZIKV but differs from that of DENV. Analysis of the JEV NS1-C structure, with in silico molecular dynamics simulation and experimental solution small-angle X-ray scattering, indicates extensive loop flexibility on the exterior of the protein. This, together with the surface charge distribution, indicates that flexibility influences the protein-protein interactions that govern pathogenicity. These factors also affect the interaction of NS1 with the 22NS1 monoclonal antibody, which is protective against West Nile virus infection. Liposome and heparin binding assays indicate that only the N-terminal region of NS1 mediates interaction with membranes and that sulfate binding sites common to NS1 structures are not glycosaminoglycan binding interfaces. This report highlights several differences between flavivirus NS1 proteins and contributes to our understanding of their structure-pathogenic function relationships. IMPORTANCE JEV is a major cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. Despite extensive vaccination, epidemics still occur. Nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) plays a role in viral replication, and, because it is secreted, it can exhibit a wide range of interactions with host proteins. NS1 sequence and protein folds are conserved within the Flavivirus genus, but variations in NS1 protein-protein interactions among viruses likely contribute to differences in pathogenesis. Here, we compared characteristics of the C-terminal β-ladder domain of NS1 between flaviviruses, including surface charge, loop flexibility, epitope cross-reactivity, membrane adherence, and glycosaminoglycan binding. These structural features are central to NS1 functionality and may provide insight into the development of diagnostic tests and therapeutics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Molecular Biophysics Group, Institute of Integrative Biology, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom S.Antonyuk@liverpool.ac.uk.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Genome polyproteinA182Japanese encephalitis virus strain SA-14Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 3.4.21.91 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.1.15 (PDB Primary Data), 3.6.4.13 (PDB Primary Data), 2.1.1.56 (PDB Primary Data), 2.1.1.57 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.48 (PDB Primary Data)
Find proteins for P27395 (Japanese encephalitis virus (strain SA-14))
Explore P27395 
Go to UniProtKB:  P27395
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MES
Query on MES

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
N [auth A], O [auth A]2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A] , C [auth A] , D [auth A] , E [auth A] , F [auth A] , G [auth A] , H [auth A] , I [auth A] , 
B [auth A],  C [auth A],  D [auth A],  E [auth A],  F [auth A],  G [auth A],  H [auth A],  I [auth A],  J [auth A],  K [auth A],  L [auth A],  M [auth A]
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.191 
  • Space Group: I 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 49.418α = 90
b = 78.244β = 90
c = 163.176γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2018-01-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-01-31
    Changes: Database references, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.2: 2018-03-28
    Changes: Database references