5O05

GII.10 Vietnam 026 norovirus protruding domain in complex with Nanobody Nano-42


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Nanobodies targeting norovirus capsid reveal functional epitopes and potential mechanisms of neutralization.

Koromyslova, A.D.Hansman, G.S.

(2017) PLoS Pathog. 13: e1006636-e1006636

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006636
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Norovirus is the leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. Despite recent developments in norovirus propagation in cell culture, these viruses are still challenging to grow routinely. Moreover, little is known on how norovirus infects the host cell ...

    Norovirus is the leading cause of gastroenteritis worldwide. Despite recent developments in norovirus propagation in cell culture, these viruses are still challenging to grow routinely. Moreover, little is known on how norovirus infects the host cells, except that histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) are important binding factors for infection and cell entry. Antibodies that bind at the HBGA pocket and block attachment to HBGAs are believed to neutralize the virus. However, additional neutralization epitopes elsewhere on the capsid likely exist and impeding the intrinsic structural dynamics of the capsid could be equally important. In the current study, we investigated a panel of Nanobodies in order to probe functional epitopes that could trigger capsid rearrangement and/ or interfere with HBGA binding interactions. The precise binding sites of six Nanobodies (Nano-4, Nano-14, Nano-26, Nano-27, Nano-32, and Nano-42) were identified using X-ray crystallography. We showed that these Nanobodies bound on the top, side, and bottom of the norovirus protruding domain. The impact of Nanobody binding on norovirus capsid morphology was analyzed using electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. We discovered that distinct Nanobody epitopes were associated with varied changes in particle structural integrity and assembly. Interestingly, certain Nanobody-induced capsid morphological changes lead to the capsid protein degradation and viral RNA exposure. Moreover, Nanobodies employed multiple inhibition mechanisms to prevent norovirus attachment to HBGAs, which included steric obstruction (Nano-14), allosteric interference (Nano-32), and violation of normal capsid morphology (Nano-26 and Nano-85). Finally, we showed that two Nanobodies (Nano-26 and Nano-85) not only compromised capsid integrity and inhibited VLPs attachment to HBGAs, but also recognized a broad panel of norovirus genotypes with high affinities. Consequently, Nano-26 and Nano-85 have a great potential to function as novel therapeutic agents against human noroviruses.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Schaller Research Group at the University of Heidelberg and the DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Nanobody (VHH) Nano-42
C, D
120N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Capsid protein
A, B
315Norwalk virusMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q5F4T5 (Norwalk virus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5F4T5
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EDO
Query on EDO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 87.930α = 90.00
b = 105.360β = 90.00
c = 107.750γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
PHASERphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-10-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-11-15
    Type: Database references