5NII

Crystal structure of the atypical thioredoxin reductase TRi from Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Biochemical Function, Molecular Structure and Evolution of an Atypical Thioredoxin Reductase from Desulfovibrio vulgaris.

Valette, O.Tran, T.T.T.Cavazza, C.Caudeville, E.Brasseur, G.Dolla, A.Talla, E.Pieulle, L.

(2017) Front Microbiol 8: 1855-1855

  • DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01855

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Thioredoxin reductase (TR) regulates the intracellular redox environment by reducing thioredoxin (Trx). In anaerobes, recent findings indicate that the Trx redox network is implicated in the global redox regulation of metabolism but also actively par ...

    Thioredoxin reductase (TR) regulates the intracellular redox environment by reducing thioredoxin (Trx). In anaerobes, recent findings indicate that the Trx redox network is implicated in the global redox regulation of metabolism but also actively participates in protecting cells against O2. In the anaerobe Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough (DvH), there is an intriguing redundancy of the Trx system which includes a classical system using NADPH as electron source, a non-canonical system using NADH and an isolated TR (DvTRi). The functionality of DvTRi was questioned due to its lack of reactivity with DvTrxs. Structural analysis shows that DvTRi is a NAD(P)H-independent TR but its reducer needs still to be identified. Moreover, DvTRi reduced by an artificial electron source is able to reduce in turn DvTrx1 and complexation experiments demonstrate a direct interaction between DvTRi and DvTrx1. The deletion mutant tri exhibits a higher sensitivity to disulfide stress and the gene tri is upregulated by O2 exposure. Having DvTRi in addition to DvTR1 as electron source for reducing DvTrx1 must be an asset to combat oxidative stress. Large-scale phylogenomics analyses show that TRi homologs are confined within the anaerobes. All TRi proteins displayed a conserved TQ/NGK motif instead of the HRRD motif, which is selective for the binding of the 2'-phosphate group of NADPH. The evolutionary history of TRs indicates that tr1 is the common gene ancestor in prokaryotes, affected by both gene duplications and horizontal gene events, therefore leading to the appearance of TRi through subfunctionalization over the evolutionary time.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, LCB, Marseille, France.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thioredoxin reductase
A, B
309Desulfovibrio vulgaris (strain Hildenborough / ATCC 29579 / DSM 644 / NCIMB 8303)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q72C27 (Desulfovibrio vulgaris (strain Hildenborough / ATCC 29579 / DSM 644 / NCIMB 8303))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q72C27
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

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A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 66.387α = 90.00
b = 148.161β = 90.00
c = 152.886γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-12-06
    Type: Initial release