5N6W

Retinoschisin R141H Mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.20 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural analysis of X-linked retinoschisis mutations reveals distinct classes which differentially effect retinoschisin function

Ramsay, E.P.Collins, R.F.Owens, T.W.Siebert, C.A.Jones, R.P.O.Roseman, A.Baldock, C.

(2016) Hum Mol Genet 25: 5311-5320

  • DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddw345
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5N6W

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Retinoschisin, an octameric retinal-specific protein, is essential for retinal architecture with mutations causing X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS), a monogenic form of macular degeneration. Most XLRS-associated mutations cause intracellular retention, however a subset are secreted as octamers and the cause of their pathology is ill-defined ...

    Retinoschisin, an octameric retinal-specific protein, is essential for retinal architecture with mutations causing X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS), a monogenic form of macular degeneration. Most XLRS-associated mutations cause intracellular retention, however a subset are secreted as octamers and the cause of their pathology is ill-defined. Therefore, here we investigated the solution structure of the retinoschisin monomer and the impact of two XLRS-causing mutants using a combinatorial approach of biophysics and cryo-EM. The retinoschisin monomer has an elongated structure which persists in the octameric assembly. Retinoschisin forms a dimer of octamers with each octameric ring adopting a planar propeller structure. Comparison of the octamer with the hexadecamer structure indicated little conformational change in the retinoschisin octamer upon dimerization, suggesting that the octamer provides a stable interface for the construction of the hexadecamer. The H207Q XLRS-associated mutation was found in the interface between octamers and destabilized both monomeric and octameric retinoschisin. Octamer dimerization is consistent with the adhesive function of retinoschisin supporting interactions between retinal cell layers, so disassembly would prevent structural coupling between opposing membranes. In contrast, cryo-EM structural analysis of the R141H mutation at ∼4.2Å resolution was found to only cause a subtle conformational change in the propeller tips, potentially perturbing an interaction site. Together, these findings support distinct mechanisms of pathology for two classes of XLRS-associated mutations in the retinoschisin assembly.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Retinoschisin
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P
201Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: RS1XLRS1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for O15537 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O15537 
Go to UniProtKB:  O15537
PHAROS:  O15537
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO15537
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.20 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Wellcome TrustUnited Kingdom099735/Z/12/Z

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-04-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-08-30
    Changes: Data collection, Experimental preparation, Refinement description