5MLP

Structure of CDPS from Rickettsiella grylli


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.99 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for partition of the cyclodipeptide synthases into two subfamilies.

Bourgeois, G.Seguin, J.Babin, M.Belin, P.Moutiez, M.Mechulam, Y.Gondry, M.Schmitt, E.

(2018) J.Struct.Biol. 203: 17-26

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2018.03.001
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cyclodipeptide synthases (CDPSs) use two aminoacyl-tRNAs to catalyze the formation of two peptide bonds leading to cyclodipeptides that can be further used for the synthesis of diketopiperazines. It was shown that CDPSs fall into two subfamilies, NYH ...

    Cyclodipeptide synthases (CDPSs) use two aminoacyl-tRNAs to catalyze the formation of two peptide bonds leading to cyclodipeptides that can be further used for the synthesis of diketopiperazines. It was shown that CDPSs fall into two subfamilies, NYH and XYP, characterized by the presence of specific sequence signatures. However, current understanding of CDPSs only comes from studies of enzymes from the NYH subfamily. The present study reveals the crystal structures of three CDPSs from the XYP subfamily. Comparison of the XYP and NYH enzymes shows that the two subfamilies mainly differ in the first half of their Rossmann fold. This gives a structural basis for the partition of CDPSs into two subfamilies. Despite these differences, the catalytic residues adopt similar positioning regardless of the subfamily suggesting that the XYP and NYH motifs correspond to two structural solutions to facilitate the reactivity of the catalytic serine residue.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Ion Channel Research and Drug Development Center, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China.,Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201800, China. Electronic address: hejh@sinap.ac.cn.,Department of Bacteriology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan wachino@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp.,Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824.,Microbiology and Biotechnology, Biocenter Klein Flottbek, Ohnhorststr. 18, 22609 Hamburg, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China. Electronic address: xpliu@sjtu.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry , John Brown University , 2000 West University Street , Siloam Springs , Arkansas 72761 , United States.,Institut für Mikrobiologie , Eidgenössiche Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich , Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 4 , 8093 Zürich , Switzerland.,From the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 and hejianhua@sinap.ac.cn.,Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.,Department of Computational and Systems Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , New Mexico State University , Las Cruces , New Mexico 88003 , United States.,Department of Physics and Astronomy and LaserLaB, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands lp212@cam.ac.uk g.j.l.wuite@vu.nl e.j.g.peterman@vu.nl.,Department of Medicine at Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Institute for Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics , Technische Universität Braunschweig , 38106 Braunschweig , Germany.,Department of Plant Biology, Braunschweig University of Technology, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea; Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Korea University, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: structures@korea.ac.kr.,Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003, Lisbon, Portugal. rmoreira@ff.ulisboa.pt.,Department of Biomedical & Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6.,Bioinformatics Facility, Centro de Biología Molecular "Severo Ochoa".,the R&D Division, Hayashibara Co., Ltd., 675-1 Fujisaki, Naka-ku, Okayama 702-8006, and.,Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan. Electronic address: fujii@b.s.osakafu-u.ac.jp.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai, 600025, India. Electronic address: mnpsy@hotmail.com.,Molecular Biology of Microbial Consortia, University of Hamburg, Biocenter Klein Flottbek, Ohnhorststr. 18, 22609, Hamburg, Germany.,Departamento de Microbiología Molecular, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Cuernavaca, Mexico.,Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica-António Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Avenida da República, 2780-157, Oeiras, Portugal.,From the UMR Ecologie Microbienne, CNRS, INRA, VetAgro Sup, UCBL, Université de Lyon, F-69622, Villeurbanne, Lyon, France and celine.lavire@univ-lyon1.fr.,Protein Expression Laboratory, NIAMS, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Meiji Seika Pharma Co., Ltd., Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA. Electronic address: glander@scripps.edu.,eFFECTOR Therapeutics, San Diego, California, USA.,Department of Chemistry , Texas A&M University , P.O. Box 30012, College Station , Texas 77842 , United States.,School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, No 2 Linggong Road, Dalian, 116024, Liaoning, China.,Institute of Pathology, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Bochum, Germany.,Department of Bionanotechnology, Graduate School, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Republic of Korea.,Swedish Orphan Biovitrum AB, Stockholm, Sweden.,BIOSAXS Group, European Molecular Biology Laboratory Hamburg, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.,Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , 32 West 7th Avenue, Tianjin Airport Economic Area, Tianjin 300308, China.,Istituto di Biofisica , Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche , 56124 Pisa , Italy.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-catalysis and Enzyme Engineering, Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Green Transformation of Bio-Resources, School of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China. Electronic address: guoreyting@gmail.com.,School of Chemistry and Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Department of Biology and Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Biochemistry, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, United States.,Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery System of Ministry of Education, West China School of Pharmacy, and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address: liguobo@scu.edu.cn.,Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Radcliffe Department of Medicine , Division of Cardiovascular Medicine , BHF Centre of Research Excellence , Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics , Roosevelt Drive , Oxford OX3 7BN , UK.,Department of Biochemistry and Structural Biology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.,The Department of Medical Biology , University of Melbourne , Parkville , Victoria 3052 , Australia.,Experimental Center, Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Medicine, Fiedlerstraße 42, 01307 Dresden, Germany; Center for Membrane & Cell Physiology, University of Virginia and Department of Molecular Physiology & Biological Physics, 480 Ray C. Hung Drive, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA.,Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Polymers and Membranes, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) , CH B3 495 (Bâtiment CH) Station 6, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.,Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Science, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706.,Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Richardson Road, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NE4AX, UK.,Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Estructural, Instituto de Fisiología Celular, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior s/n, Ciudad Universitaria, Apartado Postal 70-243, Ciudad de México, 04510, Mexico.,Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche , Università degli Studi di Padova and Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche , 35131 Padua , Italy.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-catalysis and Enzyme Engineering, Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Green Transformation of Bio-Resources, School of Life Sciences, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.,Division of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China; Center of Systems Biology and Human Health, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: mzhang@ust.hk.,Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Arrhythmia Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Hubei Key Laboratory of Cell Homeostasis, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China.,Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Sakuragaoka 1-1-1, Setagaya, Tokyo, 156-8502, Japan. Electronic address: sue@nodai.ac.jp.,Department of Chemistry, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Biosciences , The University of Texas at Austin , Austin , Texas 78712 , United States.,Atreca, Inc., Redwood City, CA 94063, USA.,Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine, Kristallographie, Robert-Rössle-Strasse 10, Berlin, 13125, Germany.,the Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, College of Life Science.,Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201800, China. Electronic address: yufeng@sinap.ac.cn.,From the Department of Biotechnology and.,Department of Physiology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, 8331150 Santiago, Chile.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of Molecular Andrology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China.,Munich Center for Integrated Protein Science, 81377 München, Germany.,From the Bioconversion Group and inoue-h@aist.go.jp.,Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, 45 Yongso-ro, Busan 48513, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2216; jmccammon@ucsd.edu JanetSmith@umich.edu mburkart@ucsd.edu.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.,Chongzhou People's Hospital, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences, Chengdu 611230, China.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Virology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China xmtu@ustc.edu.cn.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Hamburg Outstation, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA.,Department of Biology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea.,National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, New York, New York, United States of America.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece. Electronic address: ddleonidas@bio.uth.gr.,From the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Glasgow G61 1BD, Scotland, United Kingdom and the Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G61 1BD, Scotland, United Kingdom.,Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease, Seattle, WA, USA. jan.abendroth@ucb.com.,Cancer institute, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao Cancer Institute and School of Basic Medicine, Qingdao University, 266021, Qingdao, China.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, TU Dortmund University, Dortmund, Germany. daniel.rauh@tu-dortmund.de stephan.hahn@rub.de jens.siveke@uk-essen.de.,Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Australian Synchrotron, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0340.,High Force Research Ltd., Bowburn North Industrial Estate, Bowburn, Durham, DH6 5PF, U.K.,Division of Biology and Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.,German Cancer Consortium (DKTK) and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany. daniel.rauh@tu-dortmund.de stephan.hahn@rub.de jens.siveke@uk-essen.de.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai 200032, China.,Department of Materials Structure Science, School of High Energy Accelerator Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (Soken-dai), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0801, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai 200032, China; State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Science & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China; Huzhou Center of Bio-Synthetic Innovation, 1366 Hongfeng Road, Huzhou 313000, China. Electronic address: wliu@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Sanger Building, 80 Tennis Court Road, Old Addenbrooke's Site, Cambridge CB2 1GA, UK.,Department of Applied Life Sciences , Niigata University of Pharmacy and Applied Life Sciences , 265-1 Higashijima , Akiha-ku, Niigata 956-8603 , Japan.,School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology, and Health, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, S-141 52 Huddinge, Sweden.,Department of Biological Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.,Division of Human Biology and Epidemiology Program, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.,School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, UK. jworrall@essex.ac.uk.,Division of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address: linzhijie@ust.hk.,College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China.,Structural Biophysics Laboratory, NCI, NIH, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,Department of Biology, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montréal, QC H3A 1B1, Canada. Electronic address: gary.brouhard@mcgill.ca.,From the Institute of Biological Chemistry and Core Facilities for Protein Structural Analysis, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529 and ahjwang@gate.sinica.edu.tw.,CKD Research Institute, Chong Kun Dang Pharmaceutical Corporation, Yongin, 16995, Republic of Korea.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc. , 250 Massachusetts Avenue , Cambridge , Massachusetts 02139 , United States.,Medicinal Bioinformatics Center, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Instrument Division , European Spallation Source ERIC , Box 176, S-221 00 Lund , Sweden.,State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, 484 West 12(th) Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Electronic address: sotomayor.8@osu.edu.,Department of Biophysics, Beijing Key Laboratory of Tumor Systems Biology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.,Target Discovery Institute (TDI) , Nuffield Department of Medicine , University of Oxford , NDMRB Roosevelt Drive , Oxford OX3 7FZ , UK.,Physik Department E22, Technische Universität München, 85748 Garching, Germany.,Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea.,Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,From the Department of Biochemistry.,the Collaborative Research Institute for Innovative Microbiology, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657.,Schrödinger, GmbH, Q7 23, 681 61 Mannheim, Germany.,College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266003, China. xzhmao@ouc.edu.cn.,The Francis Crick Institute , 1 Midland Road , London NW1 1AT , UK.,Department of Natural Sciences, University of South Carolina Beaufort, 1 University Boulevard, Bluffton, SC, 29909, USA.,Department of Surgery, Ruhr-University Bochum, Knappschaftskrankenhaus, Bochum, Germany.,Center for Structure Biology, School of Life Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China zhucheng_chen@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Department of Biology and Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland; joerg.standfuss@psi.ch roger.dawson@roche.com.,Divisions of Vaccine Research and Clinical Care and Research, Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA; Department of Medicine, Baltimore VA Medical Center, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA; Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. Electronic address: msajadi@ihv.umaryland.edu.,the National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and National Center of Plant Gene Research, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.,the Polymer Chemistry Group, Research Institute for Sustainable Chemistry, AIST, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565, Japan, and.,Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201800, China.,Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, TU Dortmund University, Dortmund, Germany.,the Department of Applied Biological Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158; liu_xy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn bshoichet@gmail.com kobilka@stanford.edu peter.gmeiner@fau.de.,Institute of Biochemistry, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University Greifswald, Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 4, 17487, Greifswald, Germany.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA.,German Cancer Consortium (DKTK) and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.,Department for Chemistry , University of Basel , BPR 1096, Mattenstrasse 24a , Basel , Switzerland.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, 1200 Sunnyside Ave, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 66045, USA. Electronic address: lamb@ku.edu.,Structural and Functional Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067, India.,Structural Genomics Consortium, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.,Integrated Program in Neuroscience, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3A 2B4, Canada; Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3G 1Y6, Canada.,the Bio-based Materials Chemistry Group, Research Institute for Sustainable Chemistry, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 3-11-32 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-0046, Japan.,6Department of Pediatrics, and Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215 USA.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Xuewu.Zhang@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Molecular and Cellular Biology PhD program, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.,Antibody Development and Protein Engineering, Gaithersburg, Maryland.,Independent consultant and collaborator with St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.,Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400 076, India.,School of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta , Georgia 30332 , United States.,Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15260; acohen@slac.stanford.edu guc9@pitt.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Shanghai Science Research Center, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 333 Haike Road, 201210, Shanghai, China. rgzhang@sibcb.ac.cn.,Department of Internal Medicine, St. Josefs-Hospital, Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Polar Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Incheon 21990, Republic of Korea.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PD, UK; Department of Physiology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, 8331150 Santiago, Chile.,Medicinal Chemistry, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Monash University , Parkville Victoria 3052 , Australia.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute (NCGM), Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan; Experimental Retrovirology Section, HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA; Department of Clinical Sciences, Kumamoto University Hospital, Kumamoto, 860-8556, Japan.,Krone Engineered Biosystems Building , Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta , Georgia 30332 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Pharmacology and Cancer Biology , Duke University School of Medicine , Durham , North Carolina 27710 , United States.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program &Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,the Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom.,School of Life Sciences, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 61005, Korea.,Center for Precision Medicine Multi-Omics Research, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China.,Department of Microbiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Center for Immunity and Inflammation, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey at University Hospital, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 07103; and.,Department of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology KRIBB School, Daejeon, South Korea.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0340.,From the Molecular Biology and.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,NE-CAT, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Building 436E, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL, 60439, USA.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada.,c Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences , Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shanghai , China.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology , Cornell University , Ithaca , New York 14853 , United States.,Department of Pharmacology and Physiology , Saint Louis University School of Medicine , M370, Schwitalla Hall, 1402 South Grand Boulevard , Saint Louis , Missouri 63104 , United States.,1College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070 China.,Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003, Lisbon, Portugal. sdlucas@ff.ulisboa.pt.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 111T. W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, USA.,Center for Matrix Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, S-141 52 Huddinge, Sweden.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai 200032, China. Electronic address: panlf@sioc.ac.cn.,Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN, United States.,Department of Chemical Biology & Therapeutics, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, United States.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QP, United Kingdom vk103@cam.ac.uk.,Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Medicina at Universitat de València, Blasco Ibáñez 17, 46010 Valencia, Spain.,Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea. bwhan@snu.ac.kr.,Department of Plant Biology, Braunschweig University of Technology, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany t.kruse@tu-bs.de.,Lead Discovery Center GmbH, Dortmund, Germany.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre of Human Genomics, Oxford, England.,Department of Life Sciences, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea.,Groningen Biomolecular and Biotechnology Institute (GBB), University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9474 AG, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA 20147.,From the School of Life Sciences and.,Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 91058 Erlangen, Germany.,Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IBV-CSIC), Jaume Roig 11, 46010 Valencia, Spain.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.,Gene Center Munich and Center of Integrated Protein Science-Munich (CiPS-M), Department of Biochemistry, University of Munich, Munich, Germany. beckmann@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.,Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.,Department of Chemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.,Program in Molecular Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada; jfransson@northernbiologics.com jean-philippe.julien@sickkids.ca.,Graduate Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10048, ROC.,School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea.,From the Division of Obstetrics, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Disease of Women and Children of MOE, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Second Hospital, and geng.jia@scu.edu.cn.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics and Structural Biology Center, Biosciences, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois, USA.,Genome Science and Technology Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada; Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA. Electronic address: bjorkman@caltech.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.,Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Synthetic Biology and CAS Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Songling Road 189, Qingdao, Shandong 266101, China. cuiqiu@qibebt.ac.cn fengyg@qibebt.ac.cn.,Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095; sgyoung@mednet.ucla.edu mmeiyappan@shire.com.,Cell Adhesion Laboratory, Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458.,Department of Biotechnology, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855 Athens, Greece.,Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115.,Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanosciences, Université Catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium and.,Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CSIC), Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain.,Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Institute for Molecular Biology and Genetics, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 54896, Republic of Korea.,Cecil H. and Ida Green Center for Reproductive Biology Sciences and Division of Basic Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Biophysics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA.,Department for Biotechnology, Institute of Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Braunschweig University of Technology, Spielmannstrasse 7, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany.,Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0340; jmccammon@ucsd.edu JanetSmith@umich.edu mburkart@ucsd.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada gshaw1@uwo.ca.,Universidad de Guanajuato Campus Irapuato-Salamanca, División de Ciencias de la Vida, Departamento de Alimentos, Irapuato, Guanajuato, 36500, Mexico.,School of Biological Sciences , Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta , Georgia 30332 , United States.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, South Korea.,Department of Chemistry , Indiana University , Bloomington , Indiana 47405-7102 United States.,Department of Visceral and General Surgery, St. Josefs-Hospital, Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA. Electronic address: bwiedenheft@gmail.com.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia.,Bioproduction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Sapporo, 062-8517, Japan; Computational Bio Big-Data Open Innovation Laboratory (CBBD-OIL), AIST, Sapporo, 062-8517, Japan. Electronic address: y-yasutake@aist.go.jp.,Structural Genomics Consortium (SGC) , University of Oxford , Oxford OX3 7DQ , UK.,the Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, College of Life Science, Institute of Biotechnology, College of Bio-Resources and Agriculture, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan chiishen@ntu.edu.tw.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China.,Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery System of Ministry of Education, West China School of Pharmacy, and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China; College of Food and Bioengineering, Xihua University, Sichuan, 610039, China.,Groningen Biomolecular and Biotechnology Institute (GBB), University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9474 AG, Groningen, The Netherlands. d.j.slotboom@rug.nl.,Australian Synchrotron , Victoria 3168 , Australia.,Protein Structure Section, Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,X-ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60349, USA.,Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.,From the School of Life Sciences and e.fullam@warwick.ac.uk.,the Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8530, Japan.,Pharmaron Beijing Co., Ltd. , No. 6 Taihe Road, BDA , Beijing 100176 , P. R. China.,Graduate Program in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Institut Laue-Langevin , 71 avenue des Martyrs , 38000 Grenoble , France.,Institute of Human Virology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, 725 W Lombard St, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.,Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064.,Department of Bioscience, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Sakuragaoka 1-1-1, Setagaya, Tokyo, 156-8502, Japan.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Savaid Medical School, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: wenty@im.ac.cn.,Evergrande Center for Immunologic Diseases and Ann Romney Center for Neurologic Diseases, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, 77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. takuhiro.ito@riken.jp.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.,School of Food Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, PR China.,Department of Integrative Oncology , BC Cancer Research Centre , V5Z 1L3 Vancouver Vancouver , British Columbia , Canada.,Institut Curie, PSL Research University, CNRS, UMR3664, Equipe Labellisée Ligue contre le Cancer, F-75005, Paris, France. almouzni@curie.fr.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, 52 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,From the State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China fangpengfei@sioc.ac.cn.,Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA elena.govorkova@stjude.org.,CNRS CEA Université Paris Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France solange.morera@i2bc.paris-saclay.fr.,Swanson School of Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260.,Department of Molecular Biosciences, 1200 Sunnyside Ave, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, 66045, USA.,College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea. swkimmd@snu.ac.kr.,Translational Medicine, Gaithersburg, Maryland.,Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA. jfraser@fraserlab.com.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London, SW7 2AZ, UK.,Waksman Institute and Department of Chemistry, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.,Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung , Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany.,Institut de Investigacions Biomèdiques Agustí Pi i Sunyer (IDIBABS), Barcelona, 08036, Spain.,Department of Bioscience, University of Science and Technology KRIBB School, Daejeon, South Korea.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Xiaochen.Bai@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australia.,Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Josef Schneider Straße 2, 97080 Würzburg, Germany.,Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,BIOSS Centre for Biological Signalling Studies, Schänzlestraße 1, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Electronic address: shimizu@mol.f.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2216.,Universidad de Guanajuato Campus Irapuato-Salamanca, División de Ciencias de la Vida, Posgrado en Biociencias, Irapuato, Guanajuato, 36500, Mexico. josebar@ugto.mx.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,The Henry Wellcome Building for Biocatalysis, Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,BioStratum Inc., Durham, North Carolina, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Key Laboratory of Bioactive Peptides of Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.,Laboratory of Molecular Modeling and Design, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, 2200 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.,Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5G 1L6, Canada.,a State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Products Chemistry , Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shanghai , China.,From the Institute of Life Sciences and.,Department of Chemistry, Grand Valley State University , Allendale, Michigan 49401, United States.,Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG, Groningen, The Netherlands. d.j.slotboom@rug.nl.,Discovery Therapeutics, US Drug Discovery, Shire Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, MA 02142; sgyoung@mednet.ucla.edu mmeiyappan@shire.com.,Department of Chemistry , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas 77843 , United States.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Chung Shan Medical University, No.110, Sec.1, Chien-Kuo N. Rd., Taichung City, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No.110, Sec.1, Chien-Kuo N. Rd., Taichung City, Taiwan. Electronic address: cyhuang@csmu.edu.tw.,Department of Life Science, Faculty of Advanced Engineering, Chiba Institute of Technology, Chiba, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, N6A 5C1, Canada.,Biozentrum, University of Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden.,Sorbonne Université, Institut Curie, CNRS, UMR3664, F-75005, Paris, France. almouzni@curie.fr.,Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Department of Pathophysiology, Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702; lubkowsj@mail.nih.gov.,Department of Neurology and Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, 10021, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.,From the Departments of Medicinal Chemistry and.,Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery System of Ministry of Education, West China School of Pharmacy, and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.,Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biological Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA; Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.,Oncology Group, Northern Biologics, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.,School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637551, Singapore.,the Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, College of Life Science, Yen Tjing Ling Industrial Research Institute, and.,UCB/Beryllium Discovery, 98110, 7869 NE Day Road West, Bainbridge Island, WA, USA.,Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease (SSGCID), Seattle, Washington, USA.,Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina (IBB), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193, Spain.,Department of Chemistry, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø, Norway.,Pharmacology and the Program in Biophysics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109.,Universidad de Guanajuato Campus Irapuato-Salamanca, División de Ciencias de la Vida, Posgrado en Biociencias, Irapuato, Guanajuato, 36500, Mexico.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics , Texas A&M University , 3112 TAMU , College Station , Texas 77842 , United States.,Medical Research Institute, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8510, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, The University of New Mexico, MSC03 2060, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, U.S.A.,College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, Busandaehak-ro, Pusan 46241, Republic of Korea.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-organic and Natural Products Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shanghai 200032, China.,CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India.,Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, 3640 Rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 0C7, Canada.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6H 3Z6, Canada; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.,School of Pharmacy, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA. james.halpert@uconn.edu.,Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2000, South Africa. c.k.wibmer@gmail.com.,Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3G 1Y6, Canada.,Department of Neurobiology, Hellenic Pasteur Institute, Vasilissis Sofias 127, 11521 Athens, Greece.,Structure and Function of Proteins , Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research , Inhoffenstr. 7 , 38124 , Braunschweig , Germany.,Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular at Facultad de Medicina y Odontología, Universitat de València, Blasco Ibáñez 15-17, 46010 Valencia, Spain.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Graduate Group in Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Abramson Family Cancer Research Institute, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.,Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Chinese PLA, Beijing, 100071, China; Academy of Military Medical Sciences, 27(#) Taiping Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100101, China.,Cell Adhesion Laboratory, Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458 cmorrow@scripps.edu.,Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA.,Department of Physics, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.,Basic Sciences Division and Computational Biology Program, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America.,Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica (ITQB), Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal.,d Department of Cell Biology , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA.,Center for Biocrystallographic Research, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland; Department of Crystallography, Faculty of Chemistry, A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: mariuszj@amu.edu.pl.,Laboratory of Structural Biology Research, NIAMS, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 and.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Grupo Interdisciplinar de Sistemas Complejos (GISC) and Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28911 Leganes, Spain.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Shanghai Science Research Center, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 333 Haike Road, 201210, Shanghai, China.,Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery System of Ministry of Education, West China School of Pharmacy, and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address: qiang_chen@scu.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK. Electronic address: spring@ch.cam.ac.uk.,Vaccine Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.,Molecular Biology Section, Laboratory of Immune System Biology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892; and.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3M2, Canada.,Department for Structural and Computational Biology, Max F. Perutz Laboratories, University of Vienna, 1030, Vienna, Austria.,Centro Nacional de Biotecnología (CSIC), Darwin 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain.,4PKU-IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Peking University, Beijing, 100871 China.,ALBA Synchrotron Light Source, Carrer de la Llum 2-26, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona 08290, Spain.,Drug Discovery Hub Dortmund (DDHD) am Zentrum für Integrierte Wirkstoffforschung (ZIW), Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.,Gene Center Munich and Center of Integrated Protein Science-Munich (CiPS-M), Department of Biochemistry, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.,Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,From the Molecular Biology and s-shuman@ski.mskcc.org.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada; Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.,Biochemistry Department, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, 710 Cumberland Street, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. peter.mace@otago.ac.nz.,Department of Biochemistry, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.,Laboratory of Molecular Immunology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.,Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Laboratoire de Biochimie, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau cedex, France. Electronic address: emmanuelle.schmitt@polytechnique.edu.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College, London, SW7 2AZ, UK. h.low@imperial.ac.uk.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Electronic address: umeji@mol.f.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,the Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics.,Soehngen Institute for Anaerobic Microbiology, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.,Department of Molecular Gastrointestinal Oncology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.,Program in Molecular Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Toronto, ON M5G 0A4, Canada.,Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, 94025, USA.,School of Life Sciences, Anhui University, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China.,The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310006, China.,Molecular Biology Consortium, Beamline 4.2.2, Advanced Light Source , Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory , Berkeley , California 94720 , United States.,Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 4041, South Africa.,Laboratoire de Biochimie, Ecole polytechnique, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau cedex, France.,the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,From the Department of Biotechnology, asfushi@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Department of Molecular Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Zhijian.Chen@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 34141, Korea.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA. ptang@pitt.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 91058 Erlangen, Germany; liu_xy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn bshoichet@gmail.com kobilka@stanford.edu peter.gmeiner@fau.de.,Department of Molecular and Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160 USA.,Rega Institute and Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: kalyan.das@kuleuven.be.,Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton, NJ, 08544, USA. akorenny@princeton.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41500 Larissa, Greece.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute (NCGM), Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan; Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sojo University, Kumamoto, 860-0082, Japan.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Osaka University , 1-6 Yamadaoka , Suita , Osaka 565-0871 , Japan.,Waksman Institute and Department of Chemistry, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. Electronic address: ebright@waksman.rutgers.edu.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada.,Fachbereich Chemie der Philipps Universität , Hans-Meerwein-Strasse, 35032 Marburg, Germany.,Department of Applied Biological Science, Faculty of Science and Technology , Tokyo University of Science , 2641 Yamazaki , Noda , Chiba 278-8510 , Japan.,Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,National Institutes of Health, Institutes of Health-Johns Hopkins University Graduate Partnership Program, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Department of Cell and Systems Biology, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3B2, Canada.,Jülich Centre for Neutron Science (JCNS) at Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) , Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH , Lichtenbergstrasse 1 , 85747 Garching , Germany.,Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400 076, India. cprao@iitb.ac.in.,Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, Copenhagen, DK-2100, Denmark.,Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.,Department of Chemical and Geological Sciences, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.,Wisconsin Institute for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA. xuehua.zhong@wisc.edu.,ICREA Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Barcelona, Spain.,From the Division of Obstetrics, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Disease of Women and Children of MOE, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Second Hospital, and dengd@scu.edu.cn.,Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Therapeutic Modalities, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, 4070 Basel, Switzerland.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 103 Chemistry and Biochemistry Building, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, 59717, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, Konkuk University, Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea.,Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.,CIBER de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER-ISCIII), Spain.,Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400 076, India.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,the Department of Microbiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Division of Biotechnology, Advanced Institute of Environment and Bioscience, College of Environmental and Bioresource Sciences, Chonbuk National University, Iksan 54596, Republic of Korea.,Oncology Innovative Medicines Unit , AstraZeneca , Alderley Park , Macclesfield Cheshire SK10 4TG , U.K.,Center for Inflammation Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Zhijian.Chen@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, 10691, Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Advanced Photon Technology Division, Research Infrastructure Group, SR Life Science Instrumentation Unit, RIKEN/SPring-8 Center, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.,Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.,Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, 2-1-1, Katahira Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8577, Japan.,Regional Centre for Biotechnology, NCR Biotech Science Cluster, 3rd Milestone, Faridabad-Gurgaon Expressway, Faridabad 121 001, India.,Research Complex at Harwell, Rutherford Laboratory, Didcot, England.,Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Josef Schneider Straße 2, 97080 Würzburg, Germany. Electronic address: Bettina.boettcher@uni-wuerzburg.de.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, Yokohama Institute, RIKEN, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan. Electronic address: kumarevel.thirumananseri@riken.jp.,Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 5, Copenhagen, DK-2100, Denmark. Electronic address: leila@chem.ku.dk.,Department of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.,From the Cancer Research UK Beatson Institute, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Glasgow G61 1BD, Scotland, United Kingdom and the Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G61 1BD, Scotland, United Kingdom d.huang@beatson.gla.ac.uk.,Department of Bioengineering, College of Life Science, Dalian Minzu University, Dalian, 116600, Liaoning, China; Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Bioresources Utilization (Dalian Minzu University), Ministry of Education, China. Electronic address: mikyeken@dlnu.edu.cn.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Savaid Medical School, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing 102206, China.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Grand Valley State University , Allendale, Michigan 49401, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: stenmark@dbb.su.se.,Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201800, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China.,Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California - San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California - San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. Electronic address: natalia.jura@ucsf.edu.,Structural Biology Programs, Sloan Kettering Institute, New York, New York 10065.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Schaller Research Group at the University of Heidelberg and the DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, 106 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, NY 12208, USA. manish.shah@acphs.edu.,Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100, Israel.,Department of Chemistry, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3060, USA.,Ion Channel Research and Drug Development Center, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223, China; mzhou@bcm.edu cltian@ustc.edu.cn yangsl@mail.kiz.ac.cn rlai@mail.kiz.ac.cn.,Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2, Canada.,Life Science Collaborative Access Team, Northwestern Synchrotron Research Centers, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.,Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. rblumberg@bwh.harvard.edu.,School of Stomatology and Medicine, Foshan University, Foshan, Guangdong Province 528000, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology/ERI BIOTECMED, Universitat de València, Dr Moliner 50, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia, Spain.,Seattle Structural Genomics Center for Infectious Disease, Seattle, WA, USA.,Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Lisboa, 1649-028 Lisbon, Portugal.,Department of Bioengineering, College of Life Science, Dalian Minzu University, Dalian, 116600, Liaoning, China; Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Bioresources Utilization (Dalian Minzu University), Ministry of Education, China.,The Norwegian Structural Biology Center (NorStruct), Department of Chemistry, UiT - The Arctic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway.,School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637371, Singapore.,Division of Solid Tumor Translational Oncology, German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), partner site Essen, West German Cancer Center, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.,Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China; mzhou@bcm.edu cltian@ustc.edu.cn yangsl@mail.kiz.ac.cn rlai@mail.kiz.ac.cn.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics and Structural Biology Center, Biosciences, Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois, USA ktan@anl.gov c.welte@science.ru.nl.,Horikoshi Gene Selector Project, Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology (ERATO), Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), 5-9-6 Tokodai, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 300-2635, Japan.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. harry.gilbert@ncl.ac.uk.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA.,Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Debrecen, POB 400, H-4002 Debrecen, Hungary.,Department of Chemistry, Rhodes University, Grahamstown 6139, South Africa.,Winkle College of Pharmacy, University of Cincinnati, ML 0514, 231 Albert Sabin Way, MSB 3109B, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, USA.,Cecil H. and Ida Green Center for Reproductive Biology Sciences and Division of Basic Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Biophysics, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA. xin.liu@utsouthwestern.edu.,Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine , University of Central Florida , Orlando , Florida 32827 , United States.,Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 34141, Korea.,Institute of Protein Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290 Pushchino, Russian Federation.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, 52 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Electronic address: gaudet@mcb.harvard.edu.,Department of Natural Sciences, University of South Carolina Beaufort, 1 University Boulevard, Bluffton, SC, 29909, USA. Electronic address: edantonio@uscb.edu.,Istituto di Chimica del Riconoscimento Molecolare, C.N.R., Milan, Italy.,From the Department of Biochemistry, s-nair@life.illinois.edu.,Personalized Drug Therapy Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Hospital of the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China and Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, Sichuan, 610072, China.,Structure and Function of Proteins, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden; Science for Life Laboratory Stockholm University, Box 1031, SE-171 21 Solna, Sweden. Electronic address: gunnar@dbb.su.se.,Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California - San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California - San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale and School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 houk@chem.ucla.edu sbjkan@caltech.edu frances@cheme.caltech.edu.,Biological Sciences West, The University of Arizona, 1041 E Lowell Street, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA.,Hefei National Laboratory of Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China; mzhou@bcm.edu cltian@ustc.edu.cn yangsl@mail.kiz.ac.cn rlai@mail.kiz.ac.cn.,Dipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia , Università di Parma , 43125 Parma , Italy.,Department of Bioengineering, College of Life Science, Dalian Minzu University, Dalian, 116600, Liaoning, China; Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Bioresources Utilization (Dalian Minzu University), Ministry of Education, China; School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian University of Technology, No 2 Linggong Road, Dalian, 116024, Liaoning, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, 6997801 Ramat Aviv, Israel.,Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (LANGEBIO-CINVESTAV), Apartado Postal 629, Irapuato, Guanajuato, 36824, Mexico.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, 100 Haike Road, 201210, Shanghai, China. rgzhang@sibcb.ac.cn.,Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology Synthesis Core, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232-0146, USA.,Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Xiaochen.Bai@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. qinghai@scripps.edu.,Schrödinger, LLC, New York, NY, USA.,Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (LANGEBIO-CINVESTAV), Apartado Postal 629, Irapuato, Guanajuato, 36824, Mexico. pedro.jimenez@cinvestav.mx.,School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.,Department of Life Sciences and Chemistry, Jacobs University, Bremen, Germany.,Institut Curie, PSL Research University, CNRS, UMR3664, Equipe Labellisée Ligue contre le Cancer, F-75005, Paris, France.,Biotech Research and Innovation Centre, University of Copenhagen, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark.,Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158.,Laboratory for Marine Drugs and Bioproducts of Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266237, China.,Department of Physiology, School of Basic Medicine and Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 4030030, China; The Institute for Brain Research, Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China. Electronic address: lym@hust.edu.cn.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research , Parkville Victoria 3052 , Australia.,Center for Structure Biology, School of Life Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.,Department of Molecular Gastrointestinal Oncology, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany. daniel.rauh@tu-dortmund.de stephan.hahn@rub.de jens.siveke@uk-essen.de.,Laboratory of Structural Biology, Key Laboratory of Cancer Proteomics of Chinese Ministry of Health, XiangYa Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China. yonghenc@163.com.,Wisconsin Institute for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.,From the Departments of Medicinal Chemistry and scottee@umich.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai 200032, China; State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Science & Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China.,Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea.,Univ Grenoble Alpes, CEA, CNRS, IBS, 38000, Grenoble, France.,JAN Scientific Inc., Seattle, WA 98105.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, 3086, Australia.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095; houk@chem.ucla.edu sbjkan@caltech.edu frances@cheme.caltech.edu.,High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230027, China.,Division of Respirology, Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15260.,Department of Physics and Astronomy and LaserLaB, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2216.,Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, 560-0043, Japan.,Department of Chemistry - BMC, Uppsala University, Box 576, SE-75123 Uppsala, Sweden.,College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266003, China.,Department of Biology, Enzyme Biotechnology Group, University of Crete, Vasilika Vouton, 70013 Heraklion, Crete, Greece.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. suguna@iisc.ac.in.,Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Medicines (CIRM), ULiège, Quartier Hôpital, Avenue Hippocrate,15, B36, B-4000 Liège, Belgium.,Children's Health Research Institute, Lawson Health Research Institute, 800 Commissioner's Road East, London, ON, N6C 2V5, Canada. sli@uwo.ca.,College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, 06974, Republic of Korea.,Disease Target Structure Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, South Korea.,Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,Laboratory for Chemistry and Life Science, Institute of Innovative Research, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. nyan@princeton.edu glenn.king@imb.uq.edu.au zhouq2015@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,From the Institute of Life Sciences and benoit.desguin@uclouvain.be.,Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN, Guanajuato, Mexico.,Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3086, Australia.,Center for Biocrystallographic Research, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland.,State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University and Collaborative Innovation Center of Biotherapy, Chengdu 610041, China.,From the Department of Biotechnology and asfushi@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Bacteriology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry & Structural Biology , Lund University , S-221 00 Lund , Sweden.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Institutes of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.,Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences , University of California, San Diego , La Jolla , California 92093 , United States.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, MOE Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,The Hospital for Sick Children Research Institute, Toronto, Canada.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232-0146, USA.,Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PU, UK.,Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.,Dept. de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Serra Hunter Fellow, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193, Spain.,School of Basic Medical Sciences, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031 Jiangxi, China.,The Rosalind Franklin Institute, Didcot, England.,The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, 92037, USA. c.k.wibmer@gmail.com.,Department of Bioengineering, College of Life Science, Dalian Minzu University, Dalian, 116600, Liaoning, China.,Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.,Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe University, Kobe, 650-0017, Japan.,Structural Molecular Biology, Stanford Synchroton Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA 94025.,Griffith Institute for Drug Discovery, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD 4111, Australia.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: tangyj@ustc.edu.cn.,AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, Illinois, USA.,Infectious Disease Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, South Korea.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France. Electronic address: muriel.gondry@i2bc.paris-saclay.fr.,Department of Visceral and General Surgery, St. Josef Hospital, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany.,Morgridge Institute for Research, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada. Electronic address: gsponer@msl.ubc.ca.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA.,Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.,Department of Chemistry , The University of Texas at Austin , Austin , Texas 78712 , United States.,Malvern Instruments Inc., , Sweden.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201602, China. jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA.,Department of Immunology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3G 1Y6, Canada. Electronic address: derek.bowie@mcgill.ca.,Department of Bioengineering, College of Life Science, Dalian Minzu University, Dalian, 116600, Liaoning, China; Key Laboratory of Biotechnology and Bioresources Utilization (Dalian Minzu University), Ministry of Education, China. Electronic address: yongbinxu@dlnu.edu.cn.,Dept. de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Serra Hunter Fellow, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193, Spain. david.reverter@uab.cat.,Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Brandeis University, Waltham, United States.,Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea.,Experimental Center, Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Medicine, Fiedlerstraße 42, 01307 Dresden, Germany.,Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, Yunnan, China.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry , Indiana University , Bloomington , Indiana 47405 United States.,Sorbonne Université, Institut Curie, CNRS, UMR3664, F-75005, Paris, France.,Division of Experimental Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02215.,Research Institute for Medicines (iMed.ULisboa), Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003, Lisbon, Portugal.,University of Florence , NEUROFARBA Dept., Sezione di Scienze Farmaceutiche , Via Ugo Schiff 6 , 50019 Sesto Fiorentino ( Florence ), Italy.,Oncology Group, Northern Biologics, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada; jfransson@northernbiologics.com jean-philippe.julien@sickkids.ca.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Connecticut , 69 North Eagleville Road, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, United States.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Colchester, Vermont.,Center for Epigenetics & Disease Prevention, Institute of Biosciences and Technology, College of Medicine, Texas A&M University, Houston, TX 77030, USA.,Department of Bionanoengineering, Hanyang University, Kyunggi-do 15588, Republic of Korea.,Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA. xuehua.zhong@wisc.edu.,Protein Expression Laboratory, NIAMS, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. Electronic address: pelpw@helix.nih.gov.,CNRS CEA Université Paris Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), Avenue de la Terrasse, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry , Miami University , 651 East High Street, 160 Hughes Laboratories , Oxford , Ohio 45056 , United States.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA.,School of Life Sciences, KNU Creative BioResearch Group, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Koreaa.,From the Institute of Biological Chemistry and Core Facilities for Protein Structural Analysis, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529 and.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Finsen Laboratory, Rigshospitalet, DK-2200 Copenhagen, Denmark.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada; Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada. Electronic address: mcintosh@chem.ubc.ca.,the School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China, and.,Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, United States.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK lp212@cam.ac.uk g.j.l.wuite@vu.nl e.j.g.peterman@vu.nl.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: yyshi@ustc.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Xuewu.Zhang@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, N6A 5C1, Canada. sli@uwo.ca.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute (NCGM), Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan.,Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Therapeutic Modalities, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, 4070 Basel, Switzerland; joerg.standfuss@psi.ch roger.dawson@roche.com.,Schrödinger, Inc., 120 West 45(th) Street, New York, NY 10036, USA.,Department of Neurology, Chonbuk National University School of Medicine, Jeonju 54896, Republic of Korea.,Institut de Biotecnologia i de Biomedicina (IBB), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193, Spain. david.reverter@uab.cat.,From the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 and.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, Cardiff University, School of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,Structural Molecular Biology, Stanford Synchroton Radiation Lightsource, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA 94025; acohen@slac.stanford.edu guc9@pitt.edu.,Chemistry Research Laboratory , Department of Chemistry , University of Oxford , Oxford OX1 3TA , UK . Email: christopher.schofield@chem.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Environmental Microbiology, Institute of Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.,Department of Computer Science and Engineering , Texas A&M University , 3112 TAMU , College Station , Texas 77842 , United States.,Department of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan.,Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Kansas City, MO 64110 USA.,Departments of Medicine, Pharmacology, Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Biochemistry, Proteomics, and Bioinformatics and CWRU-Cleveland VAMC Center for Antimicrobial Resistance and Epidemiology , Case Western Reserve University , Cleveland , Ohio 44106 , United States.,Neutron Scattering Division , Oak Ridge National Laboratory , 1 Bethel Valley Road , Oak Ridge , Tennessee 37831 , United States.,Division of Innate Immunity, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.,Biochemistry Department, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Otago, P.O. Box 56, 710 Cumberland Street, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.,Environmental Safety Center, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.,Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Chinese PLA, Beijing, 100071, China; Academy of Military Medical Sciences, 27(#) Taiping Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100101, China; Comprehensive Liver Cancer Center, 302 Military Hospital, Beijing, China.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.,Department of Physiology, School of Basic Medicine and Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 4030030, China; The Institute for Brain Research, Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.,Centre for HIV and STIs, National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), of the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), Johannesburg, 2131, South Africa. c.k.wibmer@gmail.com.,Department of Defense, Center for Prostate Disease Research, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Shanghai Science Research Center, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 333 Haike Road, 201210, Shanghai, China. jinwei.zhu@sibcb.ac.cn.,INRA, USC 1408 AFMB, Marseille, France.,Cancer Research UK Manchester Institute , The University of Manchester , Alderley Park , Maccelsfield SK10 4TG , U.K.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 3210 N Cramer St, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, 53211, USA.,Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Molecular Therapeutics and New Drug Department, Department of Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200062, China.,Division of Molecular Cell Biology, Core Research Facilities for Basic Science, Research Center for Medical Sciences, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.,Institut für Biochemie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Albertstraße 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Savaid Medical School, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address: jxqi@im.ac.cn.,Signal Transduction Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 111T. W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, USA.,School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637551, Singapore. Electronic address: jtorres@ntu.edu.sg.,Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 11529, ROC.,Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Cancer Biology Institute, Yale University, West Haven, CT 06516, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, No. 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China.,Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute, University of Cambridge, Li Ka Shing Centre, Cambridge CB2 0RE, UK.,Institut für Biochemie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Albertstraße 21, 79104 Freiburg, Germany. einsle@biochemie.uni-freiburg.de.,Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA. ptang@pitt.edu.,Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Debrecen, POB 400, H-4002 Debrecen, Hungary. Electronic address: somsak@tigris.unideb.hu.,Nimbus Therapeutics, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390.,Cancer Research Center of Marseille, CNRS UMR7258, Inserm U1068, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France.,Institute of Translational Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.,Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.,3State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, 100871 China.,Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.,Microbial Sciences, Gaithersburg, Maryland.,Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.,Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, and Program in Bioinformatics, The University of Toledo College of Medicine and Life Sciences, Toledo, OH 43614, USA.,Department of Chemistry , King's College London , 7 Trinity Street , London SE1 1DB , U.K.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 1068 W Sheridan Rd, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60660, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Laboratorio de Investigación Bioquímica, Programa Institucional en Biomedicina Molecular ENMyH-IPN, Ciudad de México, Mexico.,Department of Chemistry , Tokyo Institute of Technology , 2-12-1 O-okayama , Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551 , Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-organic and Natural Products Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Shanghai, 200032, China.,Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Foundation for Research and Technology, Hellas N. Plastira 100, 70013 Heraklion, Crete, Greece.,Biomedical Sciences Research Complex, The University of St Andrews, Scotland, United Kingdom.,Molecular Chirality Research Center, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.,Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-CCMB Campus, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India.,Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.,Biozentrum , University of Basel , Klingelbergstrasse 70 , 4056 Basel , Switzerland.,Unit of Polar Genomics, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon 21990, Republic of Korea.,Signal Transduction Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, 111T. W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709, USA. robin.stanley@nih.gov.,Bioprospecting Group, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, 411 004, India.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, MOE Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Joint Graduate Program of Peking-Tsinghua-NIBS, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Structural Biology Unit, Institut de Biología Molecular de Barcelona CSIC, Barcelona, Spain.,MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, UK pawel.leznicki@manchester.ac.uk ykulathu@dundee.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel.,Department of Biology, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Shanghai Institutes of Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Biology, 1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield, Montréal, QC H3A 1B1, Canada.,Department of Chemistry, Durham University, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, U.K.,Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors (IfADo), TU Dortmund University, Dortmund, Germany.,Divisions of Vaccine Research and Clinical Care and Research, Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.,Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. ltong@columbia.edu.,b Interdisciplinary Research Center on Biology and Chemistry , Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shanghai , China.,Gene Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, 81377 Munich, Germany.,Structural Biology Research Center (SBRC), Institute of Materials Structure Science (IMSS), High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0801, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK.,the Department of Laboratory Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People's Republic of China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 53706 USA.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia. nyan@princeton.edu glenn.king@imb.uq.edu.au zhouq2015@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Laboratory of Molecular Neurodegeneration St Petersburg State Polytechnical University Russia; Department of Physiology University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas TX USA.,From the Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 and yufeng@sinap.ac.cn.,The National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, New York NY 10027, USA.,Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.,Division of Life Science, Center for Stem Cell Research, Center for Systems Biology and Human Health, the State Key Laboratory in Neuroscience, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine , Oregon Health & Science University , Portland , Oregon 97239 , United States.,Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia. mhinds@unimelb.edu.au.,From the Bioconversion Group and.,Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Ottawa Institute of Systems Biology, University of Ottawa, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, 3086, Australia. m.kvansakul@latrobe.edu.au.,Bioproduction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Sapporo, 062-8517, Japan.,Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115; zhangxiaokong@hotmail.com claphamd@hhmi.org.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Cell Biology, State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Tumor Microenvironment and Inflammation, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA. Zhijian.Chen@UTSouthwestern.edu.,Inositol Signaling Group, Signal Transduction Laboratory , National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences , Research Triangle Park , North Carolina 27709 , United States.,Department of Molecular Bioscience, Kyoto-Sangyo University, Kyoto, Japan.,Global Medicines Development, AstraZeneca, Waltham, Massachusetts.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China; liu_xy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn bshoichet@gmail.com kobilka@stanford.edu peter.gmeiner@fau.de.,College of Pharmacy, Kinjo Gakuin University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.,Biostatistics, MedImmune, Gaithersburg, Maryland.,Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Jagtvej 162, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.,From the State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, China.,Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Chinese PLA, Beijing, 100071, China. Electronic address: hanlicdc@163.com.,Institute of Immunology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Institute for Genomic Biology, and.,Agricultural Bioinformatics Research Unit, and.,Chemistry, and.,Department of Biochemistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.,Department of Biomedical Engineering, Center for the Investigation of Membrane Excitability Diseases, Washington University in St Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, Yokohama Institute, RIKEN, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan.,Division of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Pittsburgh, 219 Parkman Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA.,the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo FI-02044 VTT, Finland, and.,Centre of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai, 600025, India.,Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti e del Farmaco , Università di Parma , 43124 Parma , Italy.,College of Food and Bioengineering, Xihua University, Sichuan, 610039, China.,2Department of Medical Oncology, and Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215 USA.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 201602, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Biophysical Chemistry , Lund University , S-221 00 Lund , Sweden.,Hefei National Laboratory of Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China.,Department of Chemistry - BMC, Uppsala University, Box 576, SE-75123 Uppsala, Sweden dobritzsch@kemi.uu.se.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA, 02454, USA.,Department of Life Sciences, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea. Electronic address: hksong@korea.ac.kr.,Department of Computational and Systems Biology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, USA. ptang@pitt.edu.,Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Univ. Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France.,University of Florence , Department of Chemistry "Ugo Schiff" , Via della Lastruccia 3 , 50019 Sesto Fiorentino ( Florence ), Italy.,Center for Interdisciplinary Biosciences, Technology and Innovation Park, P.J. Šafárik University, 041 54 Košice, Slovakia.,Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Medical Physics and Technology, Center of Medical Physics and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China.,Microbial Protein Structure Group, Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Karl-von-Frisch-Str. 10, 35043, Marburg, Germany.,Structure and Biophysics, Discovery Sciences , AstraZeneca , Alderley Park , Macclesfield , Cheshire SK10 4TG , U.K.,Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QP, United Kingdom.,Shanghai Key Laboratory of New Drug Design, School of Pharmacy, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China.,Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400 076, India.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Shanghai Jiao-Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.,Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.,Laboratorio de Estructura Biomolecular, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C., Hermosillo, Mexico.,MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, UK.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. Electronic address: eoldfiel@illinois.edu.,From the Division of Obstetrics, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Disease of Women and Children of MOE, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Second Hospital, and.,Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.,Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Chinese PLA, Beijing, 100071, China; Academy of Military Medical Sciences, 27(#) Taiping Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100101, China; Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.,Cancer Immunology Research Program, Research Division, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002, Australia.,From the UMR Ecologie Microbienne, CNRS, INRA, VetAgro Sup, UCBL, Université de Lyon, F-69622, Villeurbanne, Lyon, France and.,Department of Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, 100 Washtenaw Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.,Department of Internal Medicine, Ruhr-University Bochum, Knappschaftskrankenhaus, Bochum, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Center for Oceans and Human Health, Scripps Institution of Oceanography , University of California, San Diego , La Jolla , California 92093 , United States.,Universidad de Guanajuato Campus Irapuato-Salamanca, División de Ciencias de la Vida, Departamento de Alimentos, Irapuato, Guanajuato, 36500, Mexico. josebar@ugto.mx.,Laboratorio de Reconocimiento Molecular, Centro de Investigación Príncipe Felipe, Eduardo Primo Yúfera 3, 46012 Valencia, Spain.,From the Department of Biotechnology.,Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland; Malopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum (MLZ) , Technische Universität München , Lichtenbergstrasse 1 , 85748 Garching , Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.,Center for Integrative Proteomics, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.,Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2000, South Africa.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA, 02454, USA. dkern@brandeis.edu.,Department of Environmental Microbiology, Institute of Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands ktan@anl.gov c.welte@science.ru.nl.,Novozymes A/S, Krogshoejvej 36, 2880, Bagsvaerd, Denmark.,Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences , Universiti Putra , 43400 Seri Kembangan , Selangor , Malaysia.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute (NCGM), Tokyo, 162-8655, Japan. Electronic address: kmaeda@ri.ncgm.go.jp.,CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500007, India. sankar@ccmb.res.in.,Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry, Department of Chemistry , University of Georgia , 140 Cedar Street , Athens , Georgia 30602-2556 , United States.,Research Service , Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Cleveland , Ohio 44106 , United States.,Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.,Schaller Research Group at the University of Heidelberg and the DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany g.hansman@dkfz.de.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, MOE Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China. Electronic address: zhangyonghui@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, 100 Haike Road, 201210, Shanghai, China.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305.,Centre for the Analysis of Genome Evolution and Function, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, M5S 3B2, Canada.,College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada wei.xiao@usask.ca.,School of Pharmacy, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA. manish.shah@acphs.edu.,Laboratory of Molecular Neurodegeneration St Petersburg State Polytechnical University Russia; Laboratory of Enzymology National Research Center «Kurchatov Institute»B.P. Konstantinov Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute Gatchina Russia.,Biomolecular Engineering Research Institute, 6-2-3 Furuedai, Suita, Osaka 565-0874, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PD, UK.,Department of Chemistry , The State University of New York Cortland , Cortland , New York 13045 , United States.,Istituto Nazionale Biostrutture e Biosistemi , 00136 Rome , Italy.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences and School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, Westlake University, Shilongshan Road No. 18, Xihu District, Hangzhou 310064, Zhejiang Province, China. Electronic address: shi-lab@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, PR China.,Department of Biosciences, Durham University, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, U.K.,KNU Institute for Microorganisms, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Republic of Korea.,Centro di Biologia Integrata - CIBIO , Università di Trento , 38123 Povo , Trento , Italy.,Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, MaRS Centre, West Tower, Floor 16, Toronto, ON, M5G 1M1, Canada.,Department of Microbiology and Physiological Systems, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, United States.,Boehringer Ingelheim RCV GmbH & Co KG, Dr. Boehringer Gasse 5-11, 1120 Vienna, Austria.,Biology Department, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742.,Centre for HIV and STIs, National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), of the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), Johannesburg, 2131, South Africa.,Laboratory for Marine Drugs and Bioproducts of Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266237, China. xzhmao@ouc.edu.cn.,School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering , Georgia Institute of Technology , Atlanta , Georgia 30332 , United States.,the Faculty of Agriculture, Niigata University, Niigata 950-2181, Japan.,Vaccine Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892; suiy@mail.nih.gov.,National Leading Research Laboratory of Drug Resistance Proteomics, Department of Biological Sciences, Myongji University, 116 Myongjiro, Yongin, Gyeonggido 17058, Republic of Korea.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States.,UCB/Beryllium Discovery, 98110, 7869 NE Day Road West, Bainbridge Island, WA, USA. jan.abendroth@ucb.com.,Physik Department E22, Technische Universität München, 85748 Garching, Germany; mrief@ph.tum.de gabriel.zoldak@upjs.sk.,Division of Structural Biology, Medical Institute of Bioregulation, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.,School of Biomedical Sciences, Chung Shan Medical University, No.110, Sec.1, Chien-Kuo N. Rd., Taichung City, Taiwan.,Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.,Department of Virology and Microbiology, Centro de Biología Molecular "Severo Ochoa" (CSIC-UAM), Instituto de Biología Molecular "Eladio Viñuela" (CSIC), C. Nicolás Cabrera 1, Universidad Autónoma, Canto Blanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.,NAICONS Srl., 20139 Milan, Italy.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15260.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA 92093.,Division of Biology and Bioengineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125; houk@chem.ucla.edu sbjkan@caltech.edu frances@cheme.caltech.edu.,Discovery Therapeutics, US Drug Discovery, Shire Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, MA 02142.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536.,Center for Integrative Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery, Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Eshelman School of Pharmacy , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , Chapel Hill , North Carolina 27599 , United States.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University, Shanghai, China.,College of Pharmacy, Chung-Ang University,84 Heukseok-ro, Dongjak, Seoul 06974, Republic of Korea.,Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research , Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine , University of Oxford , Oxford OX3 7DQ , UK.,Department of Structural Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Munich, Germany.,the Advanced Science Research Center, Okayama University, 3-1-1 Tsushima-Naka, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8530, Japan.,Université de Lyon, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, CNRS, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Laboratoire de Chimie UMR 518, F-69342, Lyon, France.,School of Food Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, PR China. Electronic address: yonghw@scut.edu.cn.,National School of Tropical Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, 1102 Bates Avenue Suite 550, Mail Stop BCM320, Houston, TX 77030-3411, USA.,Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. ron.diskin@weizmann.ac.il.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232-0146, USA. Electronic address: stephen.fesik@vanderbilt.edu.,Divisions of Vaccine Research and Clinical Care and Research, Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA; Virology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging , Monash University , Clayton , Victoria 3800 , Australia.,Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights, NSW 2234, Australia.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Uncharacterized protein
A
268Rickettsiella grylliMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A8PPN3 (Rickettsiella grylli)
Go to UniProtKB:  A8PPN3
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.99 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 43.936α = 90.00
b = 63.059β = 113.06
c = 49.615γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XDSdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
French National Research AgencyFranceANR

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-05-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-05-15
    Type: Data collection, Database references