5MFA

Crystal structure of human promyeloperoxidase (proMPO)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.143 
  • R-Value Work: 0.123 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.124 

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of human promyeloperoxidase (proMPO) and the role of the propeptide in processing and maturation.

Grishkovskaya, I.Paumann-Page, M.Tscheliessnig, R.Stampler, J.Hofbauer, S.Soudi, M.Sevcnikar, B.Oostenbrink, C.Furtmuller, P.G.Djinovic-Carugo, K.Nauseef, W.M.Obinger, C.

(2017) J Biol Chem 292: 8244-8261

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M117.775031
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5MFA

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is synthesized by neutrophil and monocyte precursor cells and contributes to host defense by mediating microbial killing. Although several steps in MPO biosynthesis and processing have been elucidated, many questions remained, such as the structure-function relationship of monomeric unprocessed proMPO versus the mature dimeric MPO and the functional role of the propeptide ...

    Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is synthesized by neutrophil and monocyte precursor cells and contributes to host defense by mediating microbial killing. Although several steps in MPO biosynthesis and processing have been elucidated, many questions remained, such as the structure-function relationship of monomeric unprocessed proMPO versus the mature dimeric MPO and the functional role of the propeptide. Here we have presented the first and high resolution (at 1.25 Å) crystal structure of proMPO and its solution structure obtained by small-angle X-ray scattering. Promyeloperoxidase hosts five occupied glycosylation sites and six intrachain cystine bridges with Cys-158 of the very flexible N-terminal propeptide being covalently linked to Cys-319 and thereby hindering homodimerization. Furthermore, the structure revealed (i) the binding site of proMPO-processing proconvertase, (ii) the structural motif for subsequent cleavage to the heavy and light chains of mature MPO protomers, and (iii) three covalent bonds between heme and the protein. Studies of the mutants C158A, C319A, and C158A/C319A demonstrated significant differences from the wild-type protein, including diminished enzymatic activity and prevention of export to the Golgi due to prolonged association with the chaperone calnexin. These structural and functional findings provide novel insights into MPO biosynthesis and processing.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Division of Biochemistry, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Muthgasse 18, A-1190 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: christian.obinger@boku.ac.at.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MyeloperoxidaseA697Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: MPO
EC: 1.11.2.2
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P05164 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P05164 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05164
PHAROS:  P05164
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP05164
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseB, C 2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseD 5N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G22768VO
GlyCosmos:  G22768VO
GlyGen:  G22768VO
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A]PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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E [auth A],
F [auth A]
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TRS
Query on TRS

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
S [auth A]2-AMINO-2-HYDROXYMETHYL-PROPANE-1,3-DIOL
C4 H12 N O3
LENZDBCJOHFCAS-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
N [auth A],
O [auth A],
P [auth A],
Q [auth A],
R [auth A]
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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H [auth A]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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I [auth A],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
L [auth A],
M [auth A]
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CSO
Query on CSO
A L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O3 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.143 
  • R-Value Work: 0.123 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.124 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 106.152α = 90
b = 109.151β = 122.66
c = 83.961γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-04-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-05-31
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary