5LA1

The mechanism by which arabinoxylanases can recognise highly decorated xylans


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.160 
  • R-Value Work: 0.129 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.131 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

The Mechanism by Which Arabinoxylanases Can Recognize Highly Decorated Xylans.

Labourel, A.Crouch, L.I.Bras, J.L.Jackson, A.Rogowski, A.Gray, J.Yadav, M.P.Henrissat, B.Fontes, C.M.Gilbert, H.J.Najmudin, S.Basle, A.Cuskin, F.

(2016) J Biol Chem 291: 22149-22159

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M116.743948
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The enzymatic degradation of plant cell walls is an important biological process of increasing environmental and industrial significance. Xylan, a major component of the plant cell wall, consists of a backbone of β-1,4-xylose (Xylp) units that are of ...

    The enzymatic degradation of plant cell walls is an important biological process of increasing environmental and industrial significance. Xylan, a major component of the plant cell wall, consists of a backbone of β-1,4-xylose (Xylp) units that are often decorated with arabinofuranose (Araf) side chains. A large penta-modular enzyme, CtXyl5A, was shown previously to specifically target arabinoxylans. The mechanism of substrate recognition displayed by the enzyme, however, remains unclear. Here we report the crystal structure of the arabinoxylanase and the enzyme in complex with ligands. The data showed that four of the protein modules adopt a rigid structure, which stabilizes the catalytic domain. The C-terminal non-catalytic carbohydrate binding module could not be observed in the crystal structure, suggesting positional flexibility. The structure of the enzyme in complex with Xylp-β-1,4-Xylp-β-1,4-Xylp-[α-1,3-Araf]-β-1,4-Xylp showed that the Araf decoration linked O 3 to the xylose in the active site is located in the pocket (-2* subsite) that abuts onto the catalytic center. The -2* subsite can also bind to Xylp and Arap, explaining why the enzyme can utilize xylose and arabinose as specificity determinants. Alanine substitution of Glu 68 , Tyr 92 , or Asn 139 , which interact with arabinose and xylose side chains at the -2* subsite, abrogates catalytic activity. Distal to the active site, the xylan backbone makes limited apolar contacts with the enzyme, and the hydroxyls are solvent-exposed. This explains why CtXyl5A is capable of hydrolyzing xylans that are extensively decorated and that are recalcitrant to classic endo-xylanase attack.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom, Fiona.cuskin@newcastle.ac.uk.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Carbohydrate binding family 6A491Hungateiclostridium thermocellum JW20Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Cther_1146
Find proteins for A3DHG6 (Hungateiclostridium thermocellum (strain ATCC 27405 / DSM 1237 / JCM 9322 / NBRC 103400 / NCIMB 10682 / NRRL B-4536 / VPI 7372))
Explore A3DHG6 
Go to UniProtKB:  A3DHG6
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
XYP
Query on XYP

Download CCD File 
A
beta-D-xylopyranose
C5 H10 O5
SRBFZHDQGSBBOR-KKQCNMDGSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
144
Query on 144

Download CCD File 
A
TRIS-HYDROXYMETHYL-METHYL-AMMONIUM
C4 H12 N O3
DRDCQJADRSJFFD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.160 
  • R-Value Work: 0.129 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.131 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 67.911α = 90
b = 72.514β = 90
c = 109.537γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
Aimlessdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research CouncilUnited KingdomBB/K020358/1

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-08-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-10-26
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-08-30
    Changes: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 2.0: 2018-10-24
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary
  • Version 3.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary