Crystal structure and biochemical characterization of the transmembrane PAP2 type phosphatidylglycerol phosphate phosphatase from Bacillus subtilis.Ghachi, M.E., Howe, N., Auger, R., Lambion, A., Guiseppi, A., Delbrassine, F., Manat, G., Roure, S., Peslier, S., Sauvage, E., Vogeley, L., Rengifo-Gonzalez, J.C., Charlier, P., Mengin-Lecreulx, D., Foglino, M., Touze, T., Caffrey, M., Kerff, F.
(2017) Cell Mol Life Sci 74: 2319-2332
- PubMed: 28168443
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-017-2464-6
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Type 2 phosphatidic acid phosphatases (PAP2s) can be either soluble or integral membrane enzymes. In bacteria, integral membrane PAP2s play major roles in the metabolisms of glycerophospholipids, undecaprenyl-phosphate (C 55 -P) lipid carrier and lipopolysaccharides. By in vivo functional experiments and biochemical characterization we show that the membrane PAP2 coded by the Bacillus subtilis yodM gene is the principal phosphatidylglycerol phosphate (PGP) phosphatase of B. subtilis. We also confirm that this enzyme, renamed bsPgpB, has a weaker activity on C 55 -PP. Moreover, we solved the crystal structure of bsPgpB at 2.25 Å resolution, with tungstate (a phosphate analog) in the active site. The structure reveals two lipid chains in the active site vicinity, allowing for PGP substrate modeling and molecular dynamic simulation. Site-directed mutagenesis confirmed the residues important for substrate specificity, providing a basis for predicting the lipids preferentially dephosphorylated by membrane PAP2s.
Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Univ Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France.