Probing Lipophilic Adamantyl Group as the P1-Ligand for HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors: Design, Synthesis, Protein X-ray Structural Studies, and Biological Evaluation.Ghosh, A.K., Osswald, H.L., Glauninger, K., Agniswamy, J., Wang, Y.F., Hayashi, H., Aoki, M., Weber, I.T., Mitsuya, H.
(2016) J.Med.Chem. 59: 6826-6837
- PubMed: 27389367
- DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b00639
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
A series of potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors with a lipophilic adamantyl P1 ligand have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated. We have developed an enantioselective synthesis of adamantane-derived hydroxyethylamine isosteres utilizing Sharpless a ...
A series of potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors with a lipophilic adamantyl P1 ligand have been designed, synthesized, and evaluated. We have developed an enantioselective synthesis of adamantane-derived hydroxyethylamine isosteres utilizing Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation as the key step. Various inhibitors incorporating P1-adamantylmethyl in combination with P2 ligands such as 3-(R)-THF, 3-(S)-THF, bis-THF, and THF-THP were examined. The S1' pocket was also probed with phenyl and phenylmethyl ligands. Inhibitor 15d, with an isobutyl P1' ligand and a bis-THF P2 ligand, proved to be the most potent of the series. The cLogP value of inhibitor 15d is improved compared to inhibitor 2 with a phenylmethyl P1-ligand. X-ray structural studies of 15d, 15h, and 15i with HIV-1 protease complexes revealed molecular insight into the inhibitor-protein interaction.
Department of Biology, Molecular Basis of Disease, Georgia State University , Atlanta, Georgia 30303, United States.,Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine , Tokyo 162-8655, Japan.,Departments of Infectious Diseases and Hematology, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical Sciences , Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan.,Department of Medical Technology, Kumamoto Health Science University , Kumamoto 861-5598, Japan.,Experimental Retrovirology Section, HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health , Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States.,Department of Chemistry and Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Purdue University , 560 Oval Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, United States.