5J2Z

PRV UL37 N-terminal half (R2 mutant)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The pUL37 tegument protein guides alpha-herpesvirus retrograde axonal transport to promote neuroinvasion.

Richards, A.L.Sollars, P.J.Pitts, J.D.Stults, A.M.Heldwein, E.E.Pickard, G.E.Smith, G.A.

(2017) PLoS Pathog. 13: e1006741-e1006741

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1006741

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A hallmark property of the neurotropic alpha-herpesvirinae is the dissemination of infection to sensory and autonomic ganglia of the peripheral nervous system following an initial exposure at mucosal surfaces. The peripheral ganglia serve as the late ...

    A hallmark property of the neurotropic alpha-herpesvirinae is the dissemination of infection to sensory and autonomic ganglia of the peripheral nervous system following an initial exposure at mucosal surfaces. The peripheral ganglia serve as the latent virus reservoir and the source of recurrent infections such as cold sores (herpes simplex virus type I) and shingles (varicella zoster virus). However, the means by which these viruses routinely invade the nervous system is not fully understood. We report that an internal virion component, the pUL37 tegument protein, has a surface region that is an essential neuroinvasion effector. Mutation of this region rendered herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and pseudorabies virus (PRV) incapable of spreading by retrograde axonal transport to peripheral ganglia both in culture and animals. By monitoring the axonal transport of individual viral particles by time-lapse fluorescence microscopy, the mutant viruses were determined to lack the characteristic sustained intracellular capsid motion along microtubules that normally traffics capsids to the neural soma. Consistent with the axonal transport deficit, the mutant viruses did not reach sites of latency in peripheral ganglia, and were avirulent. Despite this, viral propagation in peripheral tissues and in cultured epithelial cell lines remained robust. Selective elimination of retrograde delivery to the nervous system has long been sought after as a means to develop vaccines against these ubiquitous, and sometimes devastating viruses. In support of this potential, we find that HSV-1 and PRV mutated in the effector region of pUL37 evoked effective vaccination against subsequent nervous system challenges and encephalitic disease. These findings demonstrate that retrograde axonal transport of the herpesviruses occurs by a virus-directed mechanism that operates by coordinating opposing microtubule motors to favor sustained retrograde delivery of the virus to the peripheral ganglia. The ability to selectively eliminate the retrograde axonal transport mechanism from these viruses will be useful in trans-synaptic mapping studies of the mammalian nervous system, and affords a new vaccination paradigm for human and veterinary neurotropic herpesviruses.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology-Immunology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
UL37
A
500Suid alphaherpesvirus 1Mutation(s): 5 
Gene Names: ul37 (UL37)
Find proteins for Q911W0 (Suid alphaherpesvirus 1)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q911W0
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

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A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PE8
Query on PE8

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A
3,6,9,12,15,18,21-HEPTAOXATRICOSANE-1,23-DIOL
C16 H34 O9
GLZWNFNQMJAZGY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

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A
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 51.281α = 90.00
b = 68.696β = 90.00
c = 156.226γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of HealthUnited States--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-10-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-12-20
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-01-31
    Type: Database references