5IIW

Corkscrew assembly of SOD1 residues 28-38 without potassium iodide


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.239 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Atomic structure of a toxic, oligomeric segment of SOD1 linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Sangwan, S.Zhao, A.Adams, K.L.Jayson, C.K.Sawaya, M.R.Guenther, E.L.Pan, A.C.Ngo, J.Moore, D.M.Soriaga, A.B.Do, T.D.Goldschmidt, L.Nelson, R.Bowers, M.T.Koehler, C.M.Shaw, D.E.Novitch, B.G.Eisenberg, D.S.

(2017) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114: 8770-8775

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1705091114
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Fibrils and oligomers are the aggregated protein agents of neuronal dysfunction in ALS diseases. Whereas we now know much about fibril architecture, atomic structures of disease-related oligomers have eluded determination. Here, we determine the cork ...

    Fibrils and oligomers are the aggregated protein agents of neuronal dysfunction in ALS diseases. Whereas we now know much about fibril architecture, atomic structures of disease-related oligomers have eluded determination. Here, we determine the corkscrew-like structure of a cytotoxic segment of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) in its oligomeric state. Mutations that prevent formation of this structure eliminate cytotoxicity of the segment in isolation as well as cytotoxicity of the ALS-linked mutants of SOD1 in primary motor neurons and in a Danio rerio (zebrafish) model of ALS. Cytotoxicity assays suggest that toxicity is a property of soluble oligomers, and not large insoluble aggregates. Our work adds to evidence that the toxic oligomeric entities in protein aggregation diseases contain antiparallel, out-of-register β-sheet structures and identifies a target for structure-based therapeutics in ALS.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, 1190, Vienna, Austria.,Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, Cachan, France.,The Life Sciences Institute, Zhejiang University, 310058 Hangzhou, China jedixon@ucsd.edu xguo@zju.edu.cn.,Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation.,MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. zhucheng_chen@tsinghua.edu.cn.,CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China.,Tumor Microenvironment and Resistance to Treatment Lab, Institut de Recherche en Cancrologie de Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, France; Institut du Cancer Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, France; Universit Montpellier, 34298 Montpellier, France.,The Danish Cancer Society, Denmark.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101, Beijing, China.,Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, Australia.,Department of Medical Microbiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.,The Key Laboratory of Biotechnology for Medicinal Plant of Jiangsu Province, Jiangsu Normal University, China.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia. b.collins@imb.uq.edu.au.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,University College London UK.,Department of Medicine and UCSD DXMS Proteomics Resource, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92023, USA.,University of Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Epigenetics and Cell Fate, UMR 7216 CNRS, 75013 Paris, France.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Electronic address: mckenna@ufl.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China.,State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, Canada.,PamGene International, Den Bosch, the Netherlands.,Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility and Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204, China.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China. Electronic address: liux@nankai.edu.cn.,Laboratory of Biochemistry, Center for Protein Engineering-InBioS, Institute of Chemistry B6a, University of Liège, 4000, Liège, Belgium.,Graduate School of Engineering, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki, 852-8521, Japan.,Department Microbial Natural Products, Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Campus E8.1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.,Department Structure and Function of Proteins, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124, Braunschweig, Germany.,Shandong University-Helmholtz Institute of Biotechnology, State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, School of Life Sciences, Shandong University, Qingdao, Shandong, 266237, China.,University of Queensland, Australia.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.,St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, 199000, Russia.,Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94158, USA.,Center for Hematologic Malignancies, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.,Growth and Development, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland.,Programa de Computação Científica, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.,NYU-ECNU Center for Computational Chemistry at NYU Shanghai, Shanghai, China.,School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Division of Biological Sciences, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA.,Department of Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States.,Pennsylvania State University, UNITED STATES.,College of Health Science, Wuhan Sports University, China.,MOE Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, 79409, USA.,Pennsylvania State University, Chemistry, UNITED STATES.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P6, Canada. svevans@uvic.ca.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Colorectal and Pelvic Floor Diseases, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: liuyingf5@mail.sysu.edu.cn.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China; rgzhang@sibcb.ac.cn jinwei.zhu@sibcb.ac.cn.,School of Chemistry, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel amirgo@tauex.tau.ac.il yxiang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,From the Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Translational Biology and Molecular Medicine.,Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.,Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Developmental Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909, Brazil. pinheiro@iq.ufrj.br.,Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Pharmazentrum Frankfurt, Goethe University of Frankfurt, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.,Institute of Biostatistics, Leibniz University, Hannover, Germany.,Program in Comparative Biochemistry, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America.,Division of Life Science, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Neuroscience, and.,Emory Vaccine Center and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, 1462 Clifton Road North-East, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.,Department of Antibody Engineering, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Canada.,Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Viikki Biocenter, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, Viikinkaari 9, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.,SAXS/WAXS Beamline, Australian Synchrotron, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168, Australia.,RIKEN Harima Institute at SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan. katohiro@pharm.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,Group of Structural Biochemistry, IBMC - Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology; i3S - Institute for Research and Innovation in Health, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.,Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, FSRC "Crystallography and Photonics", Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119333, Russia.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,b X-ray Analysis Methods and Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory , Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography of Federal Scientific Research Centre "Crystallography and Photonics" of Russian Academy of Sciences , Leninskii Prospect 59, Moscow , 119333 , Russia.,Aarhus University.,European Knowledge Centre, Eisai Limited , Mosquito Way, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL10 9SN, United Kingdom.,Laboratory of Enzymology and Protein Folding, Centre for Protein Engineering-InBioS, Institut de Chimie B6, University of Liège, 4000, Liège, Belgium.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.,Department of Chemistry, University of Connecticut, 55 North Eagleville Rd, Storrs, CT, 06269, USA.,Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Program, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 1, 00014, Helsinki, Finland. elina.roine@helsinki.fi.,University of Groningen, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, Structural Biology, Groningen, the Netherlands. c.paulino@rug.nl.,Bioinformatics Institute, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix, Singapore, 138671, Republic of Singapore; Nanyang Technological University, School of Biological Sciences, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore, 637551, Republic of Singapore. Electronic address: ggrueber@ntu.edu.sg.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110021, India.,Max von Pettenkofer-Institute, Department of Virology, Ludwig Maximilians University, 80336 Munich, Germany.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Organization, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0032, Japan. fukai@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Center for Tumor Biology and Immunology, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany; Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany. Electronic address: wibke.diederich@staff.uni-marburg.de.,The Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, Institute of Medical Research Israel-Canada, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel; Department of Hematology, Hadassah Medical Center, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.,MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitination Unit, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee , Dow Street , Dundee DD1 5EH , Scotland , United Kingdom.,Laboratory of Structural Immunology, CAS Key Laboratory of Innate Immunity and Chronic Disease, School of Life Sciences and Medical Center, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.,Shemyakin Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, 16/10 Mikluho Maklaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russia. mm_shn@mail.ru.,Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.,Bio-AFM Frontier Research Center, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan; WPI Nano Life Science Institute, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan; JST, PRESTO, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan.,Departments of Molecular and Cellular Physiology and Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand.,Molecular Cell Biology of Autophagy, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK. sharon.tooze@crick.ac.uk.,CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China; School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Malaysia.,Departamento de Morfologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, 50411 Tartu, Estonia; andres.merits@ut.ee luodahai@ntu.edu.sg.,Institute of Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, 197376, Russia.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: jlkeck@wisc.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.,Nanyang Technological University, School of Biological Sciences, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore, 637551, Republic of Singapore.,Molecular Cancer Research Group, Department of Medical Biology, University of Tromsø - The Arctic University of Norway, 9037, Tromsø, Norway.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Chemistry and California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences , University of California-Berkeley , Berkeley , California 94720-3220 , United States.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Molecular Biology Program, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, NY, 10065, USA.,Zentrum für Arzneimittelforschung, -entwicklung, und -sicherheit, Goethe University of Frankfurt, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.,Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-590, Brazil.,Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, Bizkaia Technology Park, 48160, Derio, Spain.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10032, USA.,German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.,Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667, India. Electronic address: aksbsfbs@iitr.ac.in.,Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha 751024, India.,Department Drug Design and Optimization, Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Campus E8.1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.,Department of Structural Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0721; jedixon@ucsd.edu xguo@zju.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry, University of Texas, Edinburgh, TX, USA.,Gene Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics and The Biotechnology Institute , University of Minnesota , St. Paul , Minnesota 55108 , United States.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430074, Wuhan, China. cong.ma@hust.edu.cn.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Sinai Health System, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada.,Center for Integrated Protein Science, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, School of Physics and Material Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.,Departamento de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Graduate school, Wuhan Sports University, China.,Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Kouto, Kamigori, Hyogo, Japan.,High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India.,Department of Molecular Cell Biology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.,Key Laboratory of Advanced Drug Preparation Technologies, Ministry of Education of China, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, PR China.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.,Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, U.K.,Division of Structural and Synthetic Biology RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi Yokohama 230-0045 Japan.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200125, China. Electronic address: pengfeilan@shsmu.edu.cn.,The Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Canada.,Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Laboratorio de Virología Molecular, Avenida Zañartu 1482, 7780272, Ñuñoa, Santiago, Chile.,Institute of Medical Virology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: john.ziebuhr@viro.med.uni-giessen.de.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,University of Groningen, Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, Groningen, the Netherlands. d.j.slotboom@rug.nl.,f Cancer Immunology , Genentech Inc ., South San Francisco , USA.,Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany.,Dart Neuroscience LLC , 12278 Scripps Summit Drive , San Diego , California 92131 , United States.,Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory, National Center for Research in Energy and Materials, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. nzheng@uw.edu.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom.,California NanoSystems Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.,Structural Proteomics Unit (SPU), Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Peking-Tsinghua Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China. gaon@pku.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology and Powell Gene Therapy Center, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.,Department of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, 46-29 Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan. katohiro@pharm.kyoto-u.ac.jp.,e Microchemistry, Proteomics and Lipidomics , Genentech Inc ., South San Francisco , USA.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,H3 Biomedicine, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts.,the School of Pharmacy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.,Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA. ESundberg@som.umaryland.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607, USA.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH, P.O. Box 12233, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2233, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,The California NanoSystems Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.,Tokai Quantum Beam Science Center, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Tokai, Japan.,National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.,Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119991, Russia.,Department of Neuroscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53705, USA.,Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory for Biology of Vegetable Diseases and Insect, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China; College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China. Electronic address: zhuchunyuan@sdau.edu.cn.,Department of Molecular Genetics Osaka University 3-1 Yamadaoka, Suita Osaka 565-0871 Japan.,Genome Technology Center, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Korea.,D. E. Shaw Research, New York, NY 10036.,Immuno-Oncology & Combinations DPU, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA.,Departments of Molecular and Cellular Physiology and Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: kcgarcia@stanford.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland CH-8057.,Department of Microchemistry, Proteomics, and Lipidomics, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,ChromoTek GmbH, Planegg, Germany.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA; California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. Electronic address: joseph.bondy-denomy@ucsf.edu.,Department of Cancer Biology , Dana-Farber Cancer Institute , Boston , Massachusetts 02215 , United States.,Structural Biology Laboratory, School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, India.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, 868A Robinson Research Building, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA. martin.egli@vanderbilt.edu.,Carnegie Mellon University, Department of Chemistry, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan; JST, PRESTO, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan. Electronic address: aritak@yokohama-cu.ac.jp.,Université de Lorraine, INRA, IAM, Nancy, France.,European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Hamburg, 22607, Germany.,From the Departments of Molecular Biosciences and jzhang@cm.utexas.edu.,a Department of Antibody Engineering , Genentech Inc ., South San Francisco , USA.,Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research , 5300 Chiron Way , Emeryville , California 94608 , United States.,Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Malaysia. Electronic address: adamleow@upm.edu.my.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. Electronic address: aktanaka@riken.jp.,Present address: Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, 4195, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. maojunyang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, 46-29 Yoshida Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.,College of Plant Protection, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory for Biology of Vegetable Diseases and Insect, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, China.,International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (WPI-IIIS), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1700.,Department of Neurobiology, Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,Biomolecular Characterization Unit, Technology Platform Division, RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. wei.yang@nih.gov.,Electron Microscope Unit, The University of New South Wales, Kensington, New South Wales, Australia.,Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California Irvine, McGaugh Hall, Irvine, CA 92697-3900, USA.,From the Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208.,NTU Institute of Structural Biology, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 636921.,Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Flemingovo náměstí 2, 166 10, Prague, Czech Republic.,French Reference Center on Paraneoplastic Neurological Syndrome, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Neurologique, Bron, France; INSERM U1217-CNRS UMR5310, NeuroMyoGene Institute, Lyon, France; Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Université de Lyon, France. Electronic address: jerome.honnorat@chu-lyon.fr.,Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, Bizkaia Technology Park, 48160, Derio, Spain. mrcguerin@cicbiogune.es.,Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, La Jolla, United States.,SDV - UFR Sciences Du Vivant: Université Paris Diderot-Paris 7, Paris 75013, France.,University of Groningen, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, Structural Biology, Groningen, the Netherlands.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Center for Structural Biology, The McKnight Brain Institute, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA. mckenna@ufl.edu.,Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute , Ashburn, Virginia 20147, United States.,Biomedical Research Institute, Japan.,ICBAS- Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.,University Duisburg-Essen, Research Group Structural and Medicinal Biochemistry, Centre for Medical Biotechnology (ZMB), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45117 Essen, Germany. anja.matena@uni-due.de.,Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.,Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Biosciences Building, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK.,Department of Medical Genome Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba, 277-8501, Japan. fukai@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Microbiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637.,OmicScouts GmbH, Freising, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA.,Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutsky per., Dolgoprudnyi, Russian Federation.,Department of Biochemistry, Bose Institute, P-1/12 CIT Scheme VIIM, Kolkata 700054, India ajit@jcbose.ac.in.,MARUWA Foods and Biosciences, Inc. 170-1 Tsutsui-cho, Yamatokoriyama, Nara 639-1123, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China.,Department of Pharmacology, Gene Therapy Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Structural and Computational Biology Unit, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany. jbriggs@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Cellzome, GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Heidelberg, Germany.,Medical Research Council - Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK. vanbreug@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163, USA.,Helsinki Institute of Life Science HiLIFE and Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Program, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 1, 00014, Helsinki, Finland. juha.huiskonen@helsinki.fi.,School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, China.,Present address: Kallyope Inc. New York NY USA.,Center for Tumor Biology and Immunology, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany; Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Philipps University, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.,c Translational Oncology , Genentech Inc ., South San Francisco , USA.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,the Key Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China, and.,Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia (IBV-CSIC) and CIBER de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), 46010 Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: amarina@ibv.csic.es.,Chemical Biology, Stratingh Institute for Chemistry, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747, AG, Groningen, The Netherlands.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America.,Wellspring Biosciences, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.,Departments of Anesthesiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.,Peptide Chemistry Science Technology Platforms, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,Bio-AFM Frontier Research Center, Kanazawa University, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan; WPI Nano Life Science Institute, Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa 920-1192, Japan.,Roger Adams Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. wcatt@uw.edu.,Virology Division, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Bioinformatics Institute, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix, Singapore, 138671, Republic of Singapore.,KU Leuven-University of Leuven, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute for Medical Research, Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy, Leuven, Belgium.,D. E. Shaw Research, New York, NY, USA. David.Shaw@DEShawResearch.com.,Global Discovery Chemistry , Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research , Basel 4002 , Switzerland.,Division of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Solna, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden.,CAS Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance in Biological Systems, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Department of Chemistry, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. Electronic address: kevan.shokat@ucsf.edu.,INSERM, Paris, France.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia. ashley.buckle@monash.edu.,Swedish Defence Research Agency , CBRN Defence and Security , SE-906 21 Umeå , Sweden.,Molecular Recognition and Host-pathogen Interactions Programme, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, Bizkaia Technology Park, 48160, Derio, Spain. nabrescia@cicbiogune.es.,Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Tianjin, 300060, China.,Roger Adams Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, University of llinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States.,Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK. djo30@cam.ac.uk.,CICbioGUNE, Derio, Spain.,Division of Medicine, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, England.,Wisconsin Institute for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA. xuehua.zhong@wisc.edu.,Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, USC1408 Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, F-13288 Marseille, France.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA. gouauxe@ohsu.edu.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, CAS Key Laboratory of Innate Immunity and Chronic Disease, School of Life Sciences and Medical Center, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China.,Janssen Research and Development , 3210 Merryfield Row , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America.,Crystallographic Methods, Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona (IBMB-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain.,Pennsylvania State University, Chemistry, 220 Chemistry Building, Penn State University, 16802, University Park, UNITED STATES.,From the Departments of Molecular Biosciences and.,Department of NanoBiotechnology, NanoGlycobiology Unit, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, 1190, Vienna, Austria.,b Structural Biology , Genentech Inc ., South San Francisco , USA.,H3 Biomedicine, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts. Manav_Korpal@h3biomedicine.com Ping_Zhu@h3biomedicine.com.,Institute of Molecular Biotechnology , Graz University of Technology , Petersgasse 14 , Graz 8010 , Austria.,Boston University, Department of Chemistry, Boston, MA, 02215, USA. elliott@bu.edu.,School of Biological Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan.,Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Pisa, I-56126 Pisa, Italy.,Kusuma School of Biological Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110016, India.,Department of Pharmacy, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Campus Building E8.1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.,Helsinki Institute of Life Science HiLIFE, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 5, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA. Feradical@utsa.edu.,Division of Applied Life Sciences, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan.,Department of Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States of America.,Department of Pathology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.,Schaller Research Group at the University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.,Center for Molecular Biology of RNA and Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA harry@nuvolari.ucsc.edu.,Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,Department of Bio-Analytical Science, KRIBB School of Bioscience, University of Science and Technology (UST), Daejeon, Korea.,Protein Crystallography, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany. raphael.gasper@mpi-dortmund.mpg.de.,CCP4, Research Complex at Harwell and Science and Technology Facilities Council, Rutherford Appleton Laboratories, Harwell Oxford, Didcot OX11 0FA, England.,Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Department of Biosystems & Biomaterials Science and Engineering, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS), Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea; R&D Center, TS Corporation, 116, Incheon, 22300, Republic of Korea.,Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Agicultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.,Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario (IBR, CONICET-UNR) , Rosario , Argentina . Email: vila@ibr-conicet.gov.ar.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, UCLA-DOE and Molecular Biology Institutes, Department of Biological Chemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095; david@mbi.ucla.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2, Canada. rc4@ualberta.ca.,e Belozersky Institute of Physicochemical Biology , Lomonosov Moscow State University , 1/40Leninskie Gory, Moscow , 119991 , Russia.,Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel. Electronic address: e.bibi@weizmann.ac.il.,CNRS, UMR 8227, Integrative Biology of Marine Models, Station Biologique de Roscoff, F-29688 Roscoff cedex, Bretagne, France.,Departamento de Química, Centro de Investigación en Síntesis Química, Universidad de La Rioja, La Rioja, Spain.,Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA. ESundberg@som.umaryland.edu.,Genome Damage and Stability Centre, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK.,Institute of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Leipzig University, Deutscher Platz 5, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.,Sorbonne Universités, Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Université Paris 06, F-29688 Roscoff cedex, Bretagne, France.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. Electronic address: yifan.cheng@ucsf.edu.,Cellular Memory Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.,Weill Cornell/Rockefeller/Sloan Kettering Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program, New York, NY, USA.,Center of Systems Biology and Human Health, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106.,Department of Biochemistry, Bose Institute, P-1/12 CIT Scheme VIIM, Kolkata 700054, India.,Department of Biological Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Center for Structural Biology, The McKnight Brain Institute, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA.,Hubei Key Laboratory of Genetic Regulation and Integrative Biology, School of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Faculty of Sciences, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Department Chemical Biology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124, Braunschweig, Germany.,University Duisburg-Essen, Research Group Structural and Medicinal Biochemistry, Centre for Medical Biotechnology (ZMB), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45117 Essen, Germany. peter.bayer@uni-due.de.,Plant Virology Laboratory, ICAR-Central Citrus Research Institute, Nagpur, 440 010, India.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Department of Cancer Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd Mail Stop #3030, Kansas City, KS 66160, USA.,5AM Ventures, 501 2nd Street, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA, 94107, USA. sahaanjanabha@gmail.com.,Key Laboratory of Cognitive Science, Hubei Key Laboratory of Medical Information Analysis and Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment, Laboratory of Membrane Ion Channels and Medicine, College of Biomedical Engineering, South-Central University for Nationalities, 430074, Wuhan, China.,Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.,Diamond Light Source Limited, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, OX11 0DE, UK.,Institute of Biocomputation and Physics of Complex Systems (BIFI) , University of Zaragoza , BIFI-IQFR (CSIC), Fundación ARAID , 50018 Zaragoza , Spain.,Helmholtz-Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.,School of Public Health, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America.,State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs & School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China; Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China. Electronic address: liuheli@hsc.pku.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, 31270-901, Brazil.,Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0032, Japan. fukai@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030 and.,Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, 50 Northern Avenue, Boston, MA 02210, USA. Electronic address: jeremy_green@vrtx.com.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Suehiro 1-7-29, Tsurumi, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA. longs@mskcc.org.,Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.,Aurigene Discovery Technologies, Ltd., Bengaluru and Hyderabad, India.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Gene Center, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany. hopfner@genzentrum.lmu.de.,Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore 54590, Pakistan.,Center for Molecular Biology of RNA and Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA.,Protein Crystallography, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44801 Bochum, Germany. eckhard.hofmann@bph.rub.de.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.,CNRS, Cachan, France. jacqueline.cherfils@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.,Federal Research and Clinical Center of Physical-Chemical Medicine of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, 119435, Russia.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: b.collins@imb.uq.edu.au.,Department of Medical Microbiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; Faculty of Bioengineering and Bioinformatics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. wilson@scripps.edu.,CIC bioGUNE , Bizkaia Technology Park , Building 801A , 48170 Derio , Spain.,Department of Medical Genome Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba, 277-8501, Japan.,Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Malaysia.,Group of Fish Immunology & Vaccinology, IBMC - Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology; i3S - Institute for Research and Innovation in Health, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.,Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.,Zhangjiang Lab, National Facility for Protein Science in Shanghai, China.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 60439, USA.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA; Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA; Natural Products Library Initiative at The Scripps Research Institute, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA. Electronic address: shenb@scripps.edu.,Department of Cell Physiology and Molecular Biophysics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA; Center for Membrane Protein Research, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Norut Northern Research Institute, Norway.,Centre of Excellence in Biocrystallography, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, via L. Giorgeri 1, 34127 Trieste, Italy. Electronic address: sgeremia@units.it.,BioArdis, 7310 Miramar Road San Diego, San Diego, CA, 92126, USA.,Electron Microscopy Laboratory, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, China.,School of Dentistry, Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, U.K.,Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TA, UK.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Protein Science, and College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, 94 Weijin Road, Tianjin, 300071, China. jflong@nankai.edu.cn.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.,Structural Biology Science Technology Platforms, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,the Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439.,From the Department of Biosciences, University of Salzburg, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria and hans.brandstetter@sbg.ac.at.,Peking University-Tsinghua University-National Institute of Biological Sciences Joint Graduate Program, Beijing, China.,Institute of Bioinformatics, University Medicine Greifswald, 17475 Greifswald, Germany.,Growth and Development, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland markus.affolter@unibas.ch plueckthun@bioc.uzh.ch.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institute, Solna, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P6, Canada.,Department of Molecular Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan.,Chemical Kinomics Research Center , Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) , Seoul 02792 , Korea.,Cryo-EM Structural Biology Laboratory, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI 49503, USA.,Chair of Molecular Biology, Biomedical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Protein Science, and College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, 94 Weijin Road, Tianjin, 300071, China. haozhou@nankai.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.,Plataforma Argentina de Biología Estructural y Metabolómica PLABEM. , Buenos Aires , Argentina.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA, USA. danesh@hms.harvard.edu.,Institut für Physikalische Biologie , Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf , 40225 Düsseldorf , Germany.,School of Pharmacy, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430030, China. maojunyang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK.,Structural Genomics Consortium, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA. gouauxe@ohsu.edu.,University Duisburg-Essen, Research Group Structural and Medicinal Biochemistry, Centre for Medical Biotechnology (ZMB), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45117 Essen, Germany. dana.hoenig@uni-due.de.,Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0032, Japan.,Graduate School of Engineering, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki, 852-8521, Japan. unno@nagasaki-u.ac.jp.,Bioinformatics Unit of the I-CORE Computation Center, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.,Department of Medicine , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,Division of the Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1181.,Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland (HIPS)-Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Department of Drug Design and Optimization (DDOP), Campus Building E8.1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.,CREST, JST, Saitama, 332-0012, Japan.,Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0721.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale, School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China; Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address: wgong@ustc.edu.cn.,Laboratorio de Fisicoquímica e Ingeniería de Proteínas, Departamento de Bioquímica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK. jbriggs@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-909, Brazil.,Synthetic Biology and Bioengineering Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon, Korea.,Mitobridge, Inc. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Astellas Pharma.), 1030 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, United States.,Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA.,Molecular Recognition and Host-pathogen Interactions Programme, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, Bizkaia Technology Park, 48160, Derio, Spain.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, UCLA-DOE and Molecular Biology Institutes, Department of Biological Chemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Center for Molecular Microscopy, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Molecular Cell Biology of Autophagy, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK. martina.wirth@crick.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular Neuroscience, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, Toyama, 930-0194, Japan. toyoshid@med.u-toyama.ac.jp.,National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China. Electronic address: yinping@mail.hzau.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmacy, Saarland University, Campus E8.1, 66123, Saarbrücken, Germany.,School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637551.,Division of Molecular Biological-Biochemical Processing Technology, Center for Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Leipzig University, Deutscher Platz 5, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.,Institute of Complex Systems , ICS-6: Structural Biochemistry , Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH , 52425 Jülich , Germany.,Center for Infectious Disease Research, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; amirgo@tauex.tau.ac.il yxiang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Organic Chemistry II, Faculty of Science & Technology , University of the Basque Country , 48940 Leioa , Spain.,Department of Cell Biology and Neuroscience, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, 59717, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Cell Physiology and Molecular Biophysics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, College of Arts & Science, Station B, Box 1822, Nashville, TN, 37235, USA.,Université de Lorraine, CNRS, CRM2, Nancy, France.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA jbames@ucdavis.edu jwhell@ucdavis.edu.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, 725 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.,School of Biological Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand.,Institute of Bio- and Geosciences , IBG-1: Biotechnology , Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH , 52425 Jülich , Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,Roy and Diana Vagelos Laboratories, Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,Lille University, UMR8576, CNRS, 59000, Lille, France. isabelle.landrieu@univ-lille1.fr.,Department of Immunology, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.,Centre for Glycobiology, Department of Biochemistry, Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, United Kingdom.,Universität des Saarlandes, Pharmazeutische Biotechnologie, Bld. C2.3, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany; Helmholtz-Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland, UdS Campus, Bld. E8.1, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany. Electronic address: a.luzhetskyy@mx.uni-saarland.de.,Department of Crystallography, Faculty of Chemistry, A. Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland.,KU-KIST Graduate School of Converging Science and Technology , Korea University , Seoul 136-701 , Korea.,Virology Division, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands; r.j.degroot@uu.nl.,Vollum Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084.,David Van Andel Advanced Cryo-Electron Microsocpy Suite, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI, USA.,d Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University) , 9 Institutsky per. Dolgoprudny, Moscow , 141700 , Russia.,Department of Computational and Data Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India. Electronic address: sekar@iisc.ac.in.,d Biochemical and Cellular Pharmacology , Genentech Inc ., South San Francisco , USA.,Dept. Pharmacokinetics, Toxicology and Targeting, Research Institute of Pharmacy, University of Groningen, A. Deusinglaan 1, 9713 AV Groningen, The Netherlands.,From the Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 h-pinkett@northwestern.edu.,Laboratory of Cell Biology, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G2, Canada.,School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.,CNRS, Cachan, France.,LeadXpro AG, PARK InnovAARE, 5234 Villigen, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,WuXi AppTec, Shanghai, China.,Structural Plant Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Plant Biology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. michael.hothorn@unige.ch.,Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Laboratory of Genetics and Helmsley Center for Genomic Medicine, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, United States.,Boston University, Department of Chemistry, Boston, MA, 02215, USA.,Asubio Pharma Co., Ltd, 6-4-3 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047, Japan. Electronic address: muto.tsuyoshi.zu@daiichisankyo.co.jp.,Department of Biosystems and Bioengineering, KRIBB School of Biotechnology, University of Science and Technology (UST), Daejeon, Korea.,Regional Centre for Biotechnology, Structural Biology Lab, Faridabad 121001, India.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, United States.,Pattern Recognition Receptor DPU, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA. joshi.m.ramanjulu@gsk.com.,Center for Infectious Disease Research, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Asahi Kasei Pharma Corporation, 632-1 Mifuku, Izunokuni, Shizuoka 410-2321, Japan.,Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia.,Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.,Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Beijing, China. zhucheng_chen@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.,Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Center for Food Safety and Toxicology, Department of Agicultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: hanc210@snu.ac.kr.,University of Copenhagen, Denmark.,START, Preclinical Research, San Antonio, Texas.,Departments of Molecular and Cellular Physiology and Structural Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Immunology Graduate Program, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, United States.,Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200125, China; Key laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China; National Facility for Protein Science in Shanghai, Zhangjiang Lab, Shanghai 201210, China; Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204, China. Electronic address: leim@shsmu.edu.cn.,Aurigene Discovery Technologies Ltd., Bangalore, Karnataka, India.,Institut Curie, PSL Research University, Chemical Cell Biology Group, Paris, France.,LumiSTAR Biotechnology Incorporation, Nangang District, Taipei City, 115, Taiwan.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK. Electronic address: ymodis@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain.,Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California, United States of America.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia.,Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China.,Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.,Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: mzak@gene.com.,Department of Cell Physiology and Molecular Biophysics, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA; Center for Membrane Protein Research, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA. Electronic address: roger.b.sutton@ttuhsc.edu.,Wellspring Biosciences, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA. patrick@wellspringbiosciences.com.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.,Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, 50411 Tartu, Estonia.,Biotechnology Research Institute for Drug Discovery, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan.,Group of Molecular Microbiology, IBMC - Institute for Molecular and Cell Biology; i3S - Institute for Research and Innovation in Health, Porto 4200-135, Portugal.,Department of Chemistry, University College London , 20 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AJ, United Kingdom.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084; Joint Graduate Program of Peking-Tsinghua-NIBS, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084.,Structural Biology Program, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address: wuzhl@cib.ac.cn.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. Electronic address: wilson@scripps.edu.,International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Structural Immunology Lab, New Delhi 110067, India.,Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94158, USA; Department of Developmental Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Departments of Biochemistry and Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: pbeachy@stanford.edu.,Ikerbasque , Basque Foundation for Science , Maria Diaz de Haro 13 , 48009 Bilbao , Spain.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,Institute of Physics of Biologic Systems, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), BSP-415, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. pgleiman@utmb.edu.,Universität des Saarlandes, Pharmazeutische Biotechnologie, Bld. C2.3, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany; Helmholtz-Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland, UdS Campus, Bld. E8.1, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.,Department of Chemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address: wangg@cib.ac.cn.,Institute of Medical Virology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.,Department of Medical Oncology , Dana-Farber Cancer Institute , Boston , Massachusetts 02215 , United States.,Departament de Química Analítica i Química Orgànica, Facultat de Química , Universitat Rovira i Virgili , 43007 Tarragona , Spain.,Helmholtz-Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstrasse 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany. Electronic address: Andrea.Scrima@helmholtz-hzi.de.,From the Institute of Biological Chemistry, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115.,Laboratory of Protein Engineering , École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne , CH-1015 Lausanne , Switzerland.,Laboratorio de Biofisicoquímica, Departamento de Fisicoquímica, Facultad de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico.,Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering Tohoku University 2-1 Seiryomachi, Aoba Sendai 980-8575 Japan.,Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, United Kingdom.,Astellas Pharma., Tsukuba, Japan.,Cryo-EM Structural Biology Laboratory, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI 49503, USA. Electronic address: huilin.li@vai.org.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53705, USA; Department of Neuroscience, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53705, USA.,Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility and Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Chemical Engineering, and.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences & Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.,From the Department of Biosciences, University of Salzburg, A-5020 Salzburg, Austria and.,Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Sinai Health System, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada. pelletier@lunenfeld.ca.,Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Alcalá, Unidad Asociada IQM-CSIC, Madrid, Spain.,Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, 725 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 725 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 725 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.,Research Center for Medical Glycosciences, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, 305-8568, Japan.,Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Jahnstrasse 29, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; The Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; EMBL Australia, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia. Electronic address: Max.Cryle@monash.edu.,School of Chemistry, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 6997801, Israel.,Department of Immunology and Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, College of Life Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China.,Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Biology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,Kura Oncology, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.,Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Flemingovo náměstí 2, 166 10, Prague, Czech Republic. iva.pichova@uochb.cas.cz.,Biology, University of Utah, United States.,Thermo Fisher Scientific, Achtseweg Noorg 5, 5651 GG, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.,Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 16 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117558, Singapore. Electronic address: dbsmokh@nus.edu.sg.,Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada; john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca kay@pound.med.utoronto.ca.,Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 16 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117558, Singapore.,Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy.,Laboratory of Immunology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.,Institute of Physics of Biologic Systems, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), BSP-415, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. mm_shn@mail.ru.,Unidad de Biofísica, Centro Mixto Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas-Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (CSIC,UPV/EHU), Barrio Sarriena s/n Leioa, Bizkaia, 48940, Spain. mrcguerin@cicbiogune.es.,BASF SE, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany.,BioTheryX Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 20742, USA.,Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi Yokohama 230-0045 Japan.,National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow, 123182, Russia.,Structural Biology Group, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France.,University of Groningen, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, Membrane Enzymology, Groningen, the Netherlands.,Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.,Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, Suehiro 1-7-29, Tsurumi, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan. Electronic address: jtame@yokohama-cu.ac.jp.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Midwest Center for Structural Genomics, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Center for Structural Genomics of Infectious Diseases, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.,Medical Research Council - Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK.,Wisconsin Institute for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,From the Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and.,University of Groningen, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, Membrane Enzymology, Groningen, the Netherlands. d.j.slotboom@rug.nl.,The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada. pelletier@lunenfeld.ca.,Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.,Structural Plant Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Plant Biology, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: asalic@hms.harvard.edu.,Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Departamento de Química , Universidad de La Rioja , Centro de Investigación en Síntesis Química , 26006 Logroño , Spain.,The Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, Institute of Medical Research Israel-Canada, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology , University of California-Berkeley , Berkeley , California 94720-3220 , United States.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.,Eisai Inc., Andover, Massachusetts.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, Yamada-oka 1-6, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Conservación, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Cuernavaca, Mexico.,Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Program, University of Helsinki, Viikinkaari 1, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.,Center for Biocrystallographic Research, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznan, Poland.,Department of Chemistry , University of Cambridge , Lensfield Road , CB2 1EW Cambridge , U.K.,Dept. of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.,The State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, School of Life Sciences, Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, Peking University, 100871 Beijing, China.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, 240 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Institute of Biophysics, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany.,Institute for Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Spielmannstrasse 7, 38106, Braunschweig, Germany.,NDBio Therapeutics, Inc., 32 Songdogwahak-ro , Yeonsu-gu , Incheon 21984 , Republic of Korea.,Department of Physiological Chemistry, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.,University Duisburg-Essen, Research Group Structural and Medicinal Biochemistry, Centre for Medical Biotechnology (ZMB), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45117 Essen, Germany. bianca.kamba@uni-due.de.,Bioproduction Research Institute, Japan.,Department of Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53706, USA.,CREST, JST, Saitama, 332-0012, Japan. fukai@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.,Structural Genomics Consortium and Target Discovery Institute, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine , University of Oxford , Oxford , United Kingdom.,MSD A/S Copenhagen Denmark.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.,Department of Life Science and Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, College of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL 33458.,Biological Science Imaging Resource, Department of Biological Sciences, The Florida State University, 89 Chieftan Way, Rm 119, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA.,School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia.,a Protein Chemistry Department , State Research Institute for Genetics and Selection of Industrial Microorganisms , 1-yi DorozhnyiProezd 1, Moscow , 117545 , Russia.,The National Resource for Automated Molecular Microscopy, Simons Electron Microscopy Center, New York Structural Biology Center, 89 Convent Ave, New York, NY, 10027, USA.,Nurix Therapeutics, Inc., 1700 Owens Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA. sahaanjanabha@gmail.com.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; Enzyme and Microbial Technology Research Center, Malaysia.,Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America.,Structural Biology and Biophysics, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland.,Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China.,Center for Biomolecular Nanotechnologies@UniLe , Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) , 73010 Arnesano , Lecce , Italy.,Pylum Biosciences, 385 Oyster Point Blvd., Suite 6A, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. dean@avidbiotics.com.,Center for Molecular Innovation and Drug Discovery, Chemistry of Life Processes Institute, Department of Chemistry, Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University , Silverman Hall, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208, United States.,Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. wcatt@uw.edu.,Present address: Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Titusville NJ USA.,Centre of Excellence in Biocrystallography, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, via L. Giorgeri 1, 34127 Trieste, Italy.,Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Birkendorferstrasse 65, 88397 Biberach, Germany. Electronic address: gisela.schnapp@boehringer-ingelheim.com.,Lille University, UMR8576, CNRS, 59000, Lille, France.,Laboratory of Genetics and Helmsley Center for Genomic Medicine, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA. dlyumkis@salk.edu.,Disease Target Structure Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon, Korea.,NiKang Therapeutics, Bldg. E500, 200 Powder Mill Road, Wilmington, DE, 19803, USA.,Shanghai Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.,Picobiology Institute, Graduate School of Life Science, University of Hyogo, 3-2-1 Koto, Kamigori-cho, Ako-gun, Hyogo 678-1297, Japan.,National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 201203, Shanghai, China.,Infection and Immunity Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon, Korea.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan.,Program in Molecular Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON M5G 1X8, Canada.,Department of Computational and Data Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.,Structural Biology Science Technology Platforms, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK. stephane.mouilleron@crick.ac.uk.,Department of Biological Sciences for Intractable Neurological Diseases, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Interdisciplinary Cluster for Cutting Edge Research, Shinshu University, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland markus.affolter@unibas.ch plueckthun@bioc.uzh.ch.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Berkeley; MBIB Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,the Department of Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720.,School of Life Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Biochemistry, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520; yong.xiong@yale.edu.,School of Life Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. zhucheng_chen@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, Birkbeck College, University of London , London WC1E 7HX, United Kingdom.,the Howard Taylor Ricketts Laboratory, University of Chicago, Argonne, Illinois 60439, and.,Department of Chemistry , Umeå University , SE-901 82 Umeå , Sweden.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of NanoBiotechnology, NanoGlycobiology Unit, Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, 1190, Vienna, Austria. christina.schaeffer@boku.ac.at.,Institute of Physics of Biologic Systems, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), BSP-415, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. sebuth@utmb.edu.,Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Hrushevskogo Street 4, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, and the Collaborative Innovation Center for Brain Science, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430074, Wuhan, China.,Integrative Metabolism Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Orlando, FL, 32827, USA. frastinejad@sbpdiscovery.org.,Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4960.,c NBICS Center, National Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute' , Akad. Kurchatov Sq. 1, Moscow , 123182 , Russia.,Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Medicine, McKnight Brain Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA.,Cancer Research Technology Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Leidos Biomedical Research Inc., Frederick, MD 21701, USA.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Physiology, 44227 Dortmund, Germany. raphael.gasper@mpi-dortmund.mpg.de.,The Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, School of Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Collaborative Innovation Center for Biotherapy, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China. xinquanwang@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Asubio Pharma Co., Ltd, 6-4-3 Minatojima-Minamimachi, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.,Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources, Ministry of Education, Key Lab for Marine Drugs of Haikou, Hainan University, Haikou, 570228, China. luosulan2003@163.com.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash, Australia.,Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, United States.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110021, India; High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085, India.,Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, College of Arts & Science, Station B, Box 1822, Nashville, TN, 37235, USA. michael.p.stone@vanderbilt.edu.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Protein Science, and College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, 94 Weijin Road, Tianjin, 300071, China.,University Duisburg-Essen, Research Group Structural and Medicinal Biochemistry, Centre for Medical Biotechnology (ZMB), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45117 Essen, Germany. edisa.rehic@uni-due.de.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. Electronic address: adamsm@uga.edu.,Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,Laboratory of crystallography, Center for Protein Engineering-InBioS, B5a, University of Liège, 4000, Liège, Belgium.,Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.,French Reference Center on Paraneoplastic Neurological Syndrome, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Neurologique, Bron, France; INSERM U1217-CNRS UMR5310, NeuroMyoGene Institute, Lyon, France; Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Université de Lyon, France.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, PR China; Institute of Drug Discovery and Development, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, PR China; Key Laboratory of Advanced Drug Preparation Technologies, Ministry of Education of China, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, PR China; Collaborative Innovation Center of New Drug Research and Safety Evaluation, Henan Province, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, PR China; Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China. Electronic address: jdong@zzu.edu.cn.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA; California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.,Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland teresa.olczak@uwr.edu.pl.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Section, Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute, Argonne, IL, United States.,Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, FSRC "Crystallography and Photonics", Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119333, Russia. lera@crys.ras.ru.,Merck& Co., Inc. Kenilworth NJ USA.,Fundación Ciencia & Vida, Laboratorio de Virología Molecular, Avenida Zañartu 1482, 7780272, Ñuñoa, Santiago, Chile. ntischler@cienciavida.org.,Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, School of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK. r.w.bayliss@leeds.ac.uk.,Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.,Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.,University of Groningen, Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute, Structural Biology, Groningen, the Netherlands. a.guskov@rug.nl.,Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119071, Russia.,Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, University College London , Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.,Malaysia Genome Institute, National Institute of Biotechnology Malaysia, Jalan Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.,Present address: Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, 20147, USA.,Molecular Cell Biology of Autophagy, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030 and timothyp@bcm.edu.,Instituto de Química Médica, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IQM, CSIC), Madrid, Spain.,Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, 50 Northern Avenue, Boston, MA 02210, USA. Electronic address: upul_bandarage@vrtx.com.,University Duisburg-Essen, Research Group Structural and Medicinal Biochemistry, Centre for Medical Biotechnology (ZMB), University of Duisburg-Essen, 45117 Essen, Germany. Anna.goehring@uni-due.de.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Electronic address: sotomayor.8@osu.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstr. 190, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.,Present address: Takeda Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. Cambridge MA USA.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: hymowitz@gene.com.,Pattern Recognition Receptor DPU, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA.,Gene Center and Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Bioinformatics Institute, A(∗)STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix, Singapore 138671, Singapore.,Department of Structural Biology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 636921; andres.merits@ut.ee luodahai@ntu.edu.sg.,Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Division of Biosciences, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, 211800, China.,Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 5300 Chiron Way , Emeryville , California 94608 , United States.,D. E. Shaw Research, New York, NY, USA.,National Institute of Immunology, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067, India.,Nurix Therapeutics, Inc., 1700 Owens Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA. ksimonetta@nurix-inc.com.,Vossius & Partner, Munich, Germany.,Amai Proteins, Prof. A. D. Bergman 2B, Suite 212, Rehovot, 7670504, Israel.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200125, China.,Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA. xuehua.zhong@wisc.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA; Biophysics Graduate Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.,Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand.,Department of Radiation-Applied Biology, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Takasaki, Japan; and.,Área Biofísica , Departamento de Química Biológica , Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas , Universidad Nacional de Rosario , Rosario , Argentina.,Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina, 4350 Genome Sciences Building, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3290, USA.,RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi Yokohama 230-0045 Japan.,IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48013, Bilbao, Spain. mrcguerin@cicbiogune.es.,Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry , Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf im Forschungszentrum Jülich , 52426 Jülich , Germany . Email: j.pietruszka@fz-juelich.de.,University of Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Epigenetics and Cell Fate, UMR 7216 CNRS, 75013 Paris, France. Electronic address: pierre-antoine.defossez@univ-paris-diderot.fr.,Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany.,Breast Cancer Now, Toby Robins Research Centre, The Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK.,The Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia; EMBL Australia, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Project Group Translational Medicine and Pharmacology, Frauenhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs & School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China; Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, 38 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA; Materials and Process Simulation Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.,Diamond Light Source Limited, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, OX11 0DE, UK. dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Pharmacology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.,The Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, Institute of Medical Research Israel-Canada, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel; Department of Pathology, Hadassah Medical Center, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.,Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,Centre for Misfolding Diseases, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, CB2 1EW Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Departamento de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: marcos.fontes@unesp.br.,Institut de Neurociències, Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Medicina , Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona , E-08193 Barcelona , Spain.,Bioinformatics Institute, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix, Singapore, 138671, Republic of Singapore; School of Computer Science Engineering, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), 50 Nanyang Drive, Singapore, 637553, Republic of Singapore.,Department of Biology, Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland.,Instituto de Química Orgánica General , IQOG-CSIC , 28006 Madrid , Spain.,Center of Preclinical Translational Research, Almazov National Medical Research Center, St. Petersburg, 197371, Russia.,Departamento de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil; Departamento de Farmacologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Botucatu, SP, Brazil.,Instituto de Biomedicina de Valencia (IBV-CSIC) and CIBER de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), 46010 Valencia, Spain.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China; College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin, China; Laboratory of Structural Biology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Pathology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA.,Centre for Biotechnology Research and Development , Kenya Medical Research Institute , Nairobi , Kenya.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK. juha.huiskonen@helsinki.fi.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China.,Department of Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery and Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Utrecht University, 3584 CG Utrecht, The Netherlands.,Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA. ESundberg@som.umaryland.edu.,Departamento de Química Inorgánica , Analítica y Química Física-INQUIMAE , Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales , Universidad de Buenos Aires-CONICET , Buenos Aires , Argentina.,National Center for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Jiri Jonas, Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-902, Brazil.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.,International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (WPI-IIIS), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan; Daiichi University of Pharmacy, 22-1 Tamagawa, Minami, Fukuoka 815-8511, Japan.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: tpsingh.aiims@gmail.com.,Regional Centre for Biotechnology, Structural Biology Lab, Faridabad 121001, India dinakar.salunke55@gmail.com.,Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Victoria, 3800, Australia.,Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources, Ministry of Education, Key Lab for Marine Drugs of Haikou, Hainan University, Haikou, 570228, China.,Faculty of Fisheries, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki, 852-8521, Japan.,Institute for Cell and Molecular Biosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom; david.bolam@ncl.ac.uk.,Charles River Laboratories, 8-9 Spire Green Centre, Harlow, Essex CM19 5TR, United Kingdom.,CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai, China.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, 250 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.,Synchrotron Radiation Research Organization, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0032, Japan.,Key Laboratory of Environmental and Applied Microbiology, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, 610041, China; Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China; Environmental Microbiology Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu, 610041, China.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.,Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, 101 College Street, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,CNRS, Cachan, France. mahel.zeghouf@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.,the Department of Biotechnology, Hungkuang University, Taichung 433, Taiwan chyeah6599@sunrise.hk.edu.tw.,Department of Biology and Biotechnology , University of Pavia , via Ferrata 9 , Pavia 27100 , Italy.,Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina , Universidade de Lisboa , Avenida Professor Egas Moniz , 1649-028 Lisboa , Portugal.,Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125; dkn@caltech.edu.,Fundación Instituto Leloir , IIBBA-CONICET , Buenos Aires , Argentina.,Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institute, Solna, 17176 Stockholm, Sweden adnane.achour@ki.se.,Department of Biomolecular Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.,Structural Biology Programme, Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), Calle de Melchor Fernández Almagro 3, 28029 Madrid, Spain.,Instituto de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico.,Laboratory of Computational Chemistry and Biochemistry , École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne , CH-1015 Lausanne , Switzerland.,Department of Biological and Biochemical Sciences, Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, Studentská 95, 532 10, Pardubice, Czech Republic.,Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, 20147, USA.,Stanford University, Department of Structural Biology, Stanford, CA, USA.,Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Birkendorferstrasse 65, 88397 Biberach, Germany.,Center for Food and Bioconvergence, Department of Biosystems & Biomaterials Science and Engineering, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS), Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea.,the Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, Technical University of Munich, D-85748 Munich, Germany.,Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 636921.,The State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210023 Jiangsu, China.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. xiaochun.li@utsouthwestern.edu.,Department of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520.,Université Aix-Marseille, CNRS, INSERM, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, CRCM, Epithelial Stem Cells and Cancer Team, Marseille, France.,Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital , Harvard Medical School , Boston , Massachusetts 02115 , United States.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, PO Box 016129, Miami, FL, 33101-6129, USA. amalhotra@miami.edu.,The Lautenberg Center for Immunology and Cancer Research, Institute of Medical Research Israel-Canada, Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: yinonb@ekmd.huji.ac.il.,Université Libre de Bruxelles, Faculty of Medicine, Protein Chemistry Unit, Campus Erasme (CP 609), 808 route de Lennik, 1070, Brussels, Belgium.,Macromolecular Structure Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, 1 Midland Road, London, NW1 1AT, UK.,School of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Colchester, U.K.,Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, Cachan, France. mahel.zeghouf@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,the Research Center for Tumor Medical Science, China Medical University, Taichung 404, and.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, United States.,Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, 484 West 12th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.,RIKEN Harima Institute at SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan.,Drug Design Group AG Klebe, Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Marbacher Weg 6, 35032, Marburg, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. David.Shaw@DEShawResearch.com.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, PO Box 016129, Miami, FL, 33101-6129, USA.,Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, CNRS, Aix-Marseille University, F-13288 Marseille, France.,Platform Technology & Science, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, PA, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology and College of Pharmacy, Nankai University, Tianjin, China; College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.,BioSciences at Rice and Department of Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, TX 77251, USA.,Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA; Materials and Process Simulation Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA; Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.,Zymeworks Inc., Vancouver, BC, V6H 3V9, Canada.,Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Pest Monitoring and Green Management, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.,University of Utah.,Department of Molecular Medicine, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, 92037, USA.,Lehrstuhl für Biologische Chemie, Technische Universität München, Freising, Germany.,Integrative Metabolism Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, Orlando, FL, 32827, USA.,Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60607, USA. Electronic address: wcho@uic.edu.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA, USA.,Structural Plant Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Plant Biology, University of Geneva, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.,PRESTO, JST, Saitama, 332-0012, Japan. toyoshid@med.u-toyama.ac.jp.,Department of Physics, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan 44919, Republic of Korea.,Proteomics Platform, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, ProteoRed-ISCIII, Bizkaia Technology Park, 48160, Derio, Spain.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 16 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117558, Singapore; Bioinformatics Institute, A(∗)STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 30 Biopolis Street, #07-01 Matrix, Singapore 138671, Singapore; School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637551, Singapore. Electronic address: chandra@bii.a-star.edu.sg.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7BN, UK. dave@strubi.ox.ac.uk.,Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Wesleyan University, Middletown, United States.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48013, Bilbao, Spain. nabrescia@cicbiogune.es.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.,Department of Physiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2H7, Canada.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Innovative Genomics Institute, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Berkeley; MBIB Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA. Electronic address: doudna@berkeley.edu.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, CA, USA jbames@ucdavis.edu jwhell@ucdavis.edu.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China 100084. Electronic address: hongweiwang@tsinghua.edu.cn.,Molecular Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.,Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, 50 Northern Avenue, Boston, MA 02210, USA.,SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 1A8, Canada; john.rubinstein@utoronto.ca kay@pound.med.utoronto.ca.,Center for Synthetic Microbiology (SYNMIKRO) and Department of Chemistry, Philipps University Marburg, 35043 Marburg, Germany.,Department of Bioinformatics, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630003, India.,Pharmaron Beijing Co. Ltd., 6 Taihe Road, BDA, Beijing 100176, PR China.,State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China. Electronic address: liu2008@nankai.edu.cn.,Laboratoire de Biologie et Pharmacologie Appliquée, Ecole normale supérieure Paris-Saclay, Cachan, France. jacqueline.cherfils@ens-paris-saclay.fr.,From the Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and scrosson@uchicago.edu.,Department of Biophysics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.,Verna Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and.,Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247 667, India.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.,5AM Ventures, 501 2nd Street, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA, 94107, USA.,Gene Therapy Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.,Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute , 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, United States.,Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (WPI-iCeMS), Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan.,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA; MBIB Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.,School of Systems Biomedical Science, Soongsil University, Seoul 06978, Republic of Korea.,Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University, School of Medicine, 868A Robinson Research Building, Nashville, TN, 37232, USA.,Laboratory of crystallography, Center for Protein Engineering-InBioS, B5a, University of Liège, 4000, Liège, Belgium. fkerff@ulg.ac.be.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai, China; and.,CNRS, Paris, France.,Morgridge Institute for Research, Madison, WI, USA.,Institute of Medical Virology, University Hospital Frankfurt, 60596 Frankfurt, Germany.,the Department of Biotechnology, Hungkuang University, Taichung 433, Taiwan.,Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, La Trobe Institute for Molecular Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.,Department of Life Science and Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology, College of Life Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan yjsun@life.nthu.edu.tw.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.,Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.,Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia. colin.jackson@anu.edu.au.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. danesh@hms.harvard.edu.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520.,Departamento de Bioquímica, Universidad del País Vasco, Leioa, 48940, Spain. mrcguerin@cicbiogune.es.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi 110021, India. Electronic address: suman.kundu@south.du.ac.in.,Department of Biochemistry and Developmental Biology, University of Helsinki, Haartmaninkatu 8, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.,Nurix Therapeutics, Inc., 1700 Owens Street, Suite 205, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Shenzhen, 510080, China.,Department of Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Superoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
11Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: SOD1
EC: 1.15.1.1
Find proteins for P00441 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SOD1
Go to UniProtKB:  P00441
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.239 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 30.890α = 90.00
b = 43.230β = 90.00
c = 70.970γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XSCALEdata scaling
SHELXphasing
XDSdata reduction
BUSTER-TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Aging (NIH/NIA)United StatesAG029430
Department of Energy (DOE, United States)United States--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-06-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-20
    Type: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Type: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.3: 2019-01-09
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2019-12-04
    Type: Author supporting evidence