5HXW

L-amino acid deaminase from Proteus vulgaris


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.63 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of a membrane-bound l-amino acid deaminase from Proteus vulgaris

Ju, Y.Tong, S.Gao, Y.Zhao, W.Liu, Q.Gu, Q.Xu, J.Niu, L.Teng, M.Zhou, H.

(2016) J Struct Biol 195: 306-315

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2016.07.008
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • l-amino acid oxidases/deaminases (LAAOs/LAADs) are a class of oxidoreductases catalyzing the oxidative deamination of l-amino acids to α-keto acids. They are widely distributed in eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms, and exhibit diverse substrate sp ...

    l-amino acid oxidases/deaminases (LAAOs/LAADs) are a class of oxidoreductases catalyzing the oxidative deamination of l-amino acids to α-keto acids. They are widely distributed in eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms, and exhibit diverse substrate specificity, post-translational modifications and cellular localization. While LAAOs isolated from snake venom have been extensively characterized, the structures and functions of LAAOs from other species are largely unknown. Here, we reported crystal structure of a bacterial membrane-bound LAAD from Proteus vulgaris (pvLAAD) in complex with flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). We found that the overall fold of pvLAAD does not resemble typical LAAOs. Instead it, is similar to d-amino acid oxidases (DAAOs) with an additional hydrophobic insertion module on protein surface. Structural analysis and liposome-binding assays suggested that the hydrophobic module serves as an extra membrane-binding site for LAADs. Bacteria from genera Proteus and Providencia were found to encode two classes of membrane-bound LAADs. Based on our structure, the key roles of residues Q278 and L317 in substrate selectivity were proposed and biochemically analyzed. While LAADs on the membrane were proposed to transfer electrons to respiratory chain for FAD re-oxidization, we observed that the purified pvLAAD could generate a significant amount of hydrogen peroxide in vitro, suggesting it could use dioxygen to directly re-oxidize FADH2 as what typical LAAOs usually do. These findings provide a novel insights for a better understanding this class of enzymes and will help developing biocatalysts for industrial applications.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Research Center for Structural Biology and Drug Discovery, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China. Electronic address: zhuihao@mail.sysu.edu.cn.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
L-amino acid deaminase
A, B, C, D, E, F
454Proteus vulgarisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LAD
EC: 1.4.3.2
Find proteins for Q9LCB2 (Proteus vulgaris)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9LCB2
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
16A
Query on 16A

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
CETYL-TRIMETHYL-AMMONIUM
C19 H42 N
RLGQACBPNDBWTB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.63 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.252 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.223 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 100.314α = 64.52
b = 104.575β = 73.06
c = 105.419γ = 61.17
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-08-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-08-24
    Changes: Database references