5HVZ

Crystal structure of smAKAP AKB domain bound RIa dimerization/docking (D/D) complex at 2.0 A resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of smAKAP and its regulation by PKA-mediated phosphorylation.

Burgers, P.P.Bruystens, J.Burnley, R.J.Nikolaev, V.O.Keshwani, M.Wu, J.Janssen, B.J.Taylor, S.S.Heck, A.J.Scholten, A.

(2016) FEBS J 283: 2132-2148

  • DOI: 10.1111/febs.13726
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP) smAKAP has three extraordinary features; it is very small, it is anchored directly to membranes by acyl motifs, and it interacts almost exclusively with the type I regulatory subunits (RI) of cAMP-dependent kinas ...

    The A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP) smAKAP has three extraordinary features; it is very small, it is anchored directly to membranes by acyl motifs, and it interacts almost exclusively with the type I regulatory subunits (RI) of cAMP-dependent kinase (PKA). Here, we determined the crystal structure of smAKAP's A-kinase binding domain (smAKAP-AKB) in complex with the dimerization/docking (D/D) domain of RIα which reveals an extended hydrophobic interface with unique interaction pockets that drive smAKAP's high specificity for RI subunits. We also identify a conserved PKA phosphorylation site at Ser66 in the AKB domain which we predict would cause steric clashes and disrupt binding. This correlates with in vivo colocalization and fluorescence polarization studies, where Ser66 AKB phosphorylation ablates RI binding. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange studies confirm that the AKB helix is accessible and dynamic. Furthermore, full-length smAKAP as well as the unbound AKB is predicted to contain a break at the phosphorylation site, and circular dichroism measurements confirm that the AKB domain loses its helicity following phosphorylation. As the active site of PKA's catalytic subunit does not accommodate α-helices, we predict that the inherent flexibility of the AKB domain enables its phosphorylation by PKA. This represents a novel mechanism, whereby activation of anchored PKA can terminate its binding to smAKAP affecting the regulation of localized cAMP signaling events.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Netherlands Proteomics Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
cAMP-dependent protein kinase type I-alpha regulatory subunitA, B50Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRKAR1A
Find proteins for P00514 (Bos taurus)
Explore P00514 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00514
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Small membrane A-kinase anchor proteinC24Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: C2orf88
Find proteins for Q9BSF0 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9BSF0 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9BSF0
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q9BSF0
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.241 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 37.511α = 90
b = 55.737β = 90
c = 57.268γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Netherlands Organization for Scientific ResearchNetherlands262067
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIH/NIDDK)United StatesDK54441

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-04-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-06-15
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-09-06
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.3: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence