5G53

Structure of the adenosine A2A receptor bound to an engineered G protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.315 
  • R-Value Work: 0.284 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.285 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the Adenosine A2A Receptor Bound to an Engineered G Protein

Carpenter, B.Nehme, R.Warne, T.Leslie, A.G.W.Tate, C.G.

(2016) Nature 536: 104

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature18966
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5G53

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are essential components of the signalling network throughout the body. To understand the molecular mechanism of G-protein-mediated signalling, solved structures of receptors in inactive conformations and in the ac ...

    G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are essential components of the signalling network throughout the body. To understand the molecular mechanism of G-protein-mediated signalling, solved structures of receptors in inactive conformations and in the active conformation coupled to a G protein are necessary. Here we present the structure of the adenosine A(2A) receptor (A(2A)R) bound to an engineered G protein, mini-Gs, at 3.4 Å resolution. Mini-Gs binds to A(2A)R through an extensive interface (1,048 Å2) that is similar, but not identical, to the interface between Gs and the β2-adrenergic receptor. The transition of the receptor from an agonist-bound active-intermediate state to an active G-protein-bound state is characterized by a 14 Å shift of the cytoplasmic end of transmembrane helix 6 (H6) away from the receptor core, slight changes in the positions of the cytoplasmic ends of H5 and H7 and rotamer changes of the amino acid side chains Arg3.50, Tyr5.58 and Tyr7.53. There are no substantial differences in the extracellular half of the receptor around the ligand binding pocket. The A(2A)R-mini-Gs structure highlights both the diversity and similarity in G-protein coupling to GPCRs and hints at the potential complexity of the molecular basis for G-protein specificity.


    Related Citations: 
    • Agonist-Bound Adenosine A2A Receptor Structures Reveal Common Features of Gpcr Activation
      Lebon, G., Warne, T., Edwards, P.C., Bennett, K., Langmead, C.J., Leslie, A.G.W., Tate, C.G.
      (2011) Nature 474: 521
    • Engineering a minimal G protein to facilitate crystallisation of G protein-coupled receptors in their active conformation.
      Carpenter, B., Tate, C.G.
      (2016) Protein Eng Des Sel 29: 583

    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Biotechnology and Antibiotics, 02-516 Warsaw, Poland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ADENOSINE RECEPTOR A2AAB314Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: ADORA2AADORA2
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs): Class A
Protein: 
A2A adenosine receptor with bound engineered G protein
Find proteins for P29274 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P29274 
Go to UniProtKB:  P29274
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P29274
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ENGINEERED DOMAIN OF HUMAN G ALPHA S LONG ISOFORMCD229Homo sapiensMutation(s): 7 
Gene Names: GNASGNAS1GSP
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs): Class A
Protein: 
A2A adenosine receptor with bound engineered G protein
Find proteins for P63092 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P63092 
Go to UniProtKB:  P63092
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P63092
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GDP
Query on GDP

Download CCD File 
C
GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O11 P2
QGWNDRXFNXRZMB-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SOG
Query on SOG

Download CCD File 
A
octyl 1-thio-beta-D-glucopyranoside
C14 H28 O5 S
CGVLVOOFCGWBCS-RGDJUOJXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NEC
Query on NEC

Download CCD File 
A, B
N-ETHYL-5'-CARBOXAMIDO ADENOSINE
C12 H16 N6 O4
JADDQZYHOWSFJD-FLNNQWSLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
NECKi:  16   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.315 
  • R-Value Work: 0.284 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.285 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 90.632α = 90
b = 111.814β = 90
c = 161.304γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-08-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-08-10
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-08-24
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-03-08
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Other, Structure summary