5FPQ

Structure of Homo sapiens acetylcholinesterase phosphonylated by sarin.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of a Prereaction Complex between the Nerve Agent Sarin, its Biological Target Acetylcholinesterase, and the Antidote Hi-6.

Allgardsson, A.Berg, L.Akfur, C.Hornberg, A.Worek, F.Linusson, A.Ekstrom, F.J.

(2016) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 113: 5514

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1523362113
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Organophosphorus nerve agents interfere with cholinergic signaling by covalently binding to the active site of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE). This inhibition causes an accumulation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, potentially leading t ...

    Organophosphorus nerve agents interfere with cholinergic signaling by covalently binding to the active site of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE). This inhibition causes an accumulation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, potentially leading to overstimulation of the nervous system and death. Current treatments include the use of antidotes that promote the release of functional AChE by an unknown reactivation mechanism. We have used diffusion trap cryocrystallography and density functional theory (DFT) calculations to determine and analyze prereaction conformers of the nerve agent antidote HI-6 in complex with Mus musculus AChE covalently inhibited by the nerve agent sarin. These analyses reveal previously unknown conformations of the system and suggest that the cleavage of the covalent enzyme-sarin bond is preceded by a conformational change in the sarin adduct itself. Together with data from the reactivation kinetics, this alternate conformation suggests a key interaction between Glu202 and the O-isopropyl moiety of sarin. Moreover, solvent kinetic isotope effect experiments using deuterium oxide reveal that the reactivation mechanism features an isotope-sensitive step. These findings provide insights into the reactivation mechanism and provide a starting point for the development of improved antidotes. The work also illustrates how DFT calculations can guide the interpretation, analysis, and validation of crystallographic data for challenging reactive systems with complex conformational dynamics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of CBRN Defence and Security, Swedish Defence Research Agency, SE-90182 Umea, Sweden;




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE
A, B
542Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ACHE
EC: 3.1.1.7
Find proteins for P22303 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ACHE
Go to UniProtKB:  P22303
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
1PE
Query on 1PE

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
PEG400
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SGB
Query on SGB
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC7 H16 N O5 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 104.869α = 90.00
b = 104.869β = 90.00
c = 323.250γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACphasing
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-05-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-06-01
    Type: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2018-01-17
    Type: Atomic model, Data collection