Structural Basis for the Selective Binding of Inhibitors to 6-Hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin Pyrophosphokinase from Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.Dennis, M.L., Pitcher, N.P., Lee, M.D., DeBono, A.J., Wang, Z.C., Harjani, J.R., Rahmani, R., Cleary, B., Peat, T.S., Baell, J.B., Swarbrick, J.D.
(2016) J.Med.Chem. 59: 5248-5263
- PubMed: 27094768
- DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b00002
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
6-Hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin pyrophosphokinase (HPPK) is a member of the folate biosynthesis pathway found in prokaryotes and lower eukaryotes that catalyzes the pyrophosphoryl transfer from the ATP cofactor to a 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropteri ...
6-Hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin pyrophosphokinase (HPPK) is a member of the folate biosynthesis pathway found in prokaryotes and lower eukaryotes that catalyzes the pyrophosphoryl transfer from the ATP cofactor to a 6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropterin substrate. We report the chemical synthesis of a series of S-functionalized 8-mercaptoguanine (8MG) analogues as substrate site inhibitors of HPPK and quantify binding against the E. coli and S. aureus enzymes (EcHPPK and SaHPPK). The results demonstrate that analogues incorporating acetophenone-based substituents have comparable affinities for both enzymes. Preferential binding of benzyl-substituted 8MG derivatives to SaHPPK was reconciled when a cryptic pocket unique to SaHPPK was revealed by X-ray crystallography. Differential chemical shift perturbation analysis confirmed this to be a common mode of binding for this series to SaHPPK. One compound (41) displayed binding affinities of 120 nM and 1.76 μM for SaHPPK and EcHPPK, respectively, and represents a lead for the development of more potent and selective inhibitors of SaHPPK.
Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University , Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.