5ES9

Crystal structure of the LgrA initiation module in the formylation state


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.77 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.331 
  • R-Value Work: 0.308 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Synthetic cycle of the initiation module of a formylating nonribosomal peptide synthetase.

Reimer, J.M.Aloise, M.N.Harrison, P.M.Schmeing, T.M.

(2016) Nature 529: 239-242

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature16503
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) are very large proteins that produce small peptide molecules with wide-ranging biological activities, including environmentally friendly chemicals and many widely used therapeutics. NRPSs are macromolecular ma ...

    Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) are very large proteins that produce small peptide molecules with wide-ranging biological activities, including environmentally friendly chemicals and many widely used therapeutics. NRPSs are macromolecular machines, with modular assembly-line logic, a complex catalytic cycle, moving parts and many active sites. In addition to the core domains required to link the substrates, they often include specialized tailoring domains, which introduce chemical modifications and allow the product to access a large expanse of chemical space. It is still unknown how the NRPS tailoring domains are structurally accommodated into megaenzymes or how they have adapted to function in nonribosomal peptide synthesis. Here we present a series of crystal structures of the initiation module of an antibiotic-producing NRPS, linear gramicidin synthetase. This module includes the specialized tailoring formylation domain, and states are captured that represent every major step of the assembly-line synthesis in the initiation module. The transitions between conformations are large in scale, with both the peptidyl carrier protein domain and the adenylation subdomain undergoing huge movements to transport substrate between distal active sites. The structures highlight the great versatility of NRPSs, as small domains repurpose and recycle their limited interfaces to interact with their various binding partners. Understanding tailoring domains is important if NRPSs are to be utilized in the production of novel therapeutics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, McGill University, 3649 Promenade Sir-William-Osler, Montréal, Québec H3G 0B1, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Linear gramicidin synthetase subunit A
A, B
776Brevibacillus parabrevisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: lgrA
Find proteins for Q70LM7 (Brevibacillus parabrevis)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q70LM7
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PNS
Query on PNS

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
4'-PHOSPHOPANTETHEINE
C11 H23 N2 O7 P S
JDMUPRLRUUMCTL-VIFPVBQESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.77 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.331 
  • R-Value Work: 0.308 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 162.057α = 90.00
b = 162.057β = 90.00
c = 206.493γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Canadian Institutes of Health ResearchCanada106615

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-01-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-01-27
    Type: Database references