5EMV

Crystal structure of the palmitoylated human TEAD2 transcription factor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Palmitoylation of TEAD Transcription Factors Is Required for Their Stability and Function in Hippo Pathway Signaling.

Noland, C.L.Gierke, S.Schnier, P.D.Murray, J.Sandoval, W.N.Sagolla, M.Dey, A.Hannoush, R.N.Fairbrother, W.J.Cunningham, C.N.

(2016) Structure 24: 179-186

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2015.11.005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5EMV, 5EMW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The Hippo signaling pathway is responsible for regulating the function of TEAD family transcription factors in metazoans. TEADs, with their co-activators YAP/TAZ, are critical for controlling cell differentiation and organ size through their transcriptio ...

    The Hippo signaling pathway is responsible for regulating the function of TEAD family transcription factors in metazoans. TEADs, with their co-activators YAP/TAZ, are critical for controlling cell differentiation and organ size through their transcriptional activation of genes involved in cell growth and proliferation. Dysregulation of the Hippo pathway has been implicated in multiple forms of cancer. Here, we identify a novel form of regulation of TEAD family proteins. We show that human TEADs are palmitoylated at a universally conserved cysteine, and report the crystal structures of the human TEAD2 and TEAD3 YAP-binding domains in their palmitoylated forms. These structures show a palmitate bound within a highly conserved hydrophobic cavity at each protein's core. Our findings also demonstrate that this modification is required for proper TEAD folding and stability, indicating a potential new avenue for pharmacologically regulating the Hippo pathway through the modulation of TEAD palmitoylation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Early Discovery Biochemistry, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address: cunningham.christian@gene.com.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Transcriptional enhancer factor TEF-4 AB236Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TEAD2TEF4
Find proteins for Q15562 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q15562 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q15562
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  Q15562
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
P1L
Query on P1L
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC19 H37 N O3 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: I 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 79.83α = 90
b = 61.25β = 101.89
c = 112.672γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-12-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-01-20
    Changes: Database references