Calredoxin represents a novel type of calcium-dependent sensor-responder connected to redox regulation in the chloroplastHochmal, A.K., Zinzius, K., Charoenwattanasatien, R., Gabelein, P., Mutoh, R., Tanaka, H., Schulze, S., Liu, G., Scholz, M., Nordhues, A., Offenborn, J.N., Petroutsos, D., Finazzi, G., Fufezan, C., Huang, K., Kurisu, G., Hippler, M.
(2016) Nat Commun 7: 11847-11847
- PubMed: 27297041
- DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11847
- PubMed Abstract:
Calcium (Ca(2+)) and redox signalling play important roles in acclimation processes from archaea to eukaryotic organisms. Herein we characterized a unique protein from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that has the competence to integrate Ca(2+)- and redox-r ...
Calcium (Ca(2+)) and redox signalling play important roles in acclimation processes from archaea to eukaryotic organisms. Herein we characterized a unique protein from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii that has the competence to integrate Ca(2+)- and redox-related signalling. This protein, designated as calredoxin (CRX), combines four Ca(2+)-binding EF-hands and a thioredoxin (TRX) domain. A crystal structure of CRX, at 1.6 Å resolution, revealed an unusual calmodulin-fold of the Ca(2+)-binding EF-hands, which is functionally linked via an inter-domain communication path with the enzymatically active TRX domain. CRX is chloroplast-localized and interacted with a chloroplast 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (PRX1). Ca(2+)-binding to CRX is critical for its TRX activity and for efficient binding and reduction of PRX1. Thereby, CRX represents a new class of Ca(2+)-dependent 'sensor-responder' proteins. Genetically engineered Chlamydomonas strains with strongly diminished amounts of CRX revealed altered photosynthetic electron transfer and were affected in oxidative stress response underpinning a function of CRX in stress acclimation.
Institut National Recherche Agronomique, UMR1200, F-38054 Grenoble, France.,Key Laboratory of Algal Biology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Münster, 48143 Münster, Germany.,Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique et Energies Alternatives, l'Institut de Recherches en Technologies et Sciences pour le Vivant, F-38054 Grenoble, France.,Université Grenoble 1, F-38041 Grenoble, France.,Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST), Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Saitama 332-0012, Japan.,Centre National Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte Recherche 5168, Laboratoire Physiologie Cellulaire et Végétale, F-38054 Grenoble, France.