5DS4

Crystal structure the Escherichia coli Cas1-Cas2 complex bound to protospacer DNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.270 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Foreign DNA capture during CRISPR-Cas adaptive immunity.

Nunez, J.K.Harrington, L.B.Kranzusch, P.J.Engelman, A.N.Doudna, J.A.

(2015) Nature 527: 535-538

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature15760
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5DS4, 5DS5, 5DS6

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Bacteria and archaea generate adaptive immunity against phages and plasmids by integrating foreign DNA of specific 30-40-base-pair lengths into clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) loci as spacer segments. The universally conserved Cas1-Cas2 integrase complex catalyses spacer acquisition using a direct nucleophilic integration mechanism similar to retroviral integrases and transposases ...

    Bacteria and archaea generate adaptive immunity against phages and plasmids by integrating foreign DNA of specific 30-40-base-pair lengths into clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) loci as spacer segments. The universally conserved Cas1-Cas2 integrase complex catalyses spacer acquisition using a direct nucleophilic integration mechanism similar to retroviral integrases and transposases. How the Cas1-Cas2 complex selects foreign DNA substrates for integration remains unknown. Here we present X-ray crystal structures of the Escherichia coli Cas1-Cas2 complex bound to cognate 33-nucleotide protospacer DNA substrates. The protein complex creates a curved binding surface spanning the length of the DNA and splays the ends of the protospacer to allow each terminal nucleophilic 3'-OH to enter a channel leading into the Cas1 active sites. Phosphodiester backbone interactions between the protospacer and the proteins explain the sequence-nonspecific substrate selection observed in vivo. Our results uncover the structural basis for foreign DNA capture and the mechanism by which Cas1-Cas2 functions as a molecular ruler to dictate the sequence architecture of CRISPR loci.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for RNA Systems Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CRISPR-associated endonuclease Cas1A, B, C, D306Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ygbTcas1b2755JW2725
EC: 3.1
UniProt
Find proteins for Q46896 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore Q46896 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q46896
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CRISPR-associated endoribonuclease Cas2E, F104Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ygbFcas2b2754JW5438
EC: 3.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P45956 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P45956 
Go to UniProtKB:  P45956
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (28-MER)G28Escherichia virus M13
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (28-MER)H28Escherichia virus M13
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.270 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 88.02α = 90
b = 123.006β = 90
c = 196.012γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)United States--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-10-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-11-11
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-12-09
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2019-11-20
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Database references, Derived calculations