5DC8

Crystal structure of H142A-Y306F HDAC8 in complex with a tetrapeptide substrate


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.149 
  • R-Value Work: 0.128 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

General Base-General Acid Catalysis in Human Histone Deacetylase 8.

Gantt, S.M.Decroos, C.Lee, M.S.Gullett, L.E.Bowman, C.M.Christianson, D.W.Fierke, C.A.

(2016) Biochemistry 55: 820-832

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.5b01327
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate cellular processes such as differentiation and apoptosis and are targeted by anticancer therapeutics in development and in the clinic. HDAC8 is a metal-dependent class I HDAC and is proposed to use a general acid ...

    Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate cellular processes such as differentiation and apoptosis and are targeted by anticancer therapeutics in development and in the clinic. HDAC8 is a metal-dependent class I HDAC and is proposed to use a general acid-base catalytic pair in the mechanism of amide bond hydrolysis. Here, we report site-directed mutagenesis and enzymological measurements to elucidate the catalytic mechanism of HDAC8. Specifically, we focus on the catalytic function of Y306 and the histidine-aspartate dyads H142-D176 and H143-D183. Additionally, we report X-ray crystal structures of four representative HDAC8 mutants: D176N, D176N/Y306F, D176A/Y306F, and H142A/Y306F. These structures provide a useful framework for understanding enzymological measurements. The pH dependence of kcat/KM for wild-type Co(II)-HDAC8 is bell-shaped with two pKa values of 7.4 and 10.0. The upper pKa reflects the ionization of the metal-bound water molecule and shifts to 9.1 in Zn(II)-HDAC8. The H142A mutant has activity 230-fold lower than that of wild-type HDAC8, but the pKa1 value is not altered. Y306F HDAC8 is 150-fold less active than the wild-type enzyme; crystal structures show that Y306 hydrogen bonds with the zinc-bound substrate carbonyl, poised for transition state stabilization. The H143A and H142A/H143A mutants exhibit activity that is >80000-fold lower than that of wild-type HDAC8; the buried D176N and D176A mutants have significant catalytic effects, with more subtle effects caused by D183N and D183A. These enzymological and structural studies strongly suggest that H143 functions as a single general base-general acid catalyst, while H142 remains positively charged and serves as an electrostatic catalyst for transition state stabilization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Chemistry and Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone deacetylase 8
A, B
389Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: HDAC8 (HDACL1)
EC: 3.5.1.98
Find proteins for Q9BY41 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HDAC8
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9BY41
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Fluor-de-Lys tetrapeptide assay substrate
C, D
6N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
B, C
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  3 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
ALY
Query on ALY
C, D
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC8 H16 N2 O3LYS
MCM
Query on MCM
C, D
NON-POLYMERC10 H9 N O2

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ACE
Query on ACE
C, D
NON-POLYMERC2 H4 O

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.149 
  • R-Value Work: 0.128 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 82.800α = 90.00
b = 97.887β = 90.00
c = 104.612γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesGM49758
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical SciencesUnited StatesGM40602

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-02-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-02-17
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-09-13
    Type: Author supporting evidence, Database references, Derived calculations