Crystal Structure of the Zorbamycin-Binding Protein ZbmA, the Primary Self-Resistance Element in Streptomyces flavoviridis ATCC21892.Rudolf, J.D., Bigelow, L., Chang, C., Cuff, M.E., Lohman, J.R., Chang, C.Y., Ma, M., Yang, D., Clancy, S., Babnigg, G., Joachimiak, A., Phillips, G.N., Shen, B.
(2015) Biochemistry 54: 6842-6851
- PubMed: 26512730
- DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.5b01008
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The bleomycins (BLMs), tallysomycins (TLMs), phleomycin, and zorbamycin (ZBM) are members of the BLM family of glycopeptide-derived antitumor antibiotics. The BLM-producing Streptomyces verticillus ATCC15003 and the TLM-producing Streptoalloteichus h ...
The bleomycins (BLMs), tallysomycins (TLMs), phleomycin, and zorbamycin (ZBM) are members of the BLM family of glycopeptide-derived antitumor antibiotics. The BLM-producing Streptomyces verticillus ATCC15003 and the TLM-producing Streptoalloteichus hindustanus E465-94 ATCC31158 both possess at least two self-resistance elements, an N-acetyltransferase and a binding protein. The N-acetyltransferase provides resistance by disrupting the metal-binding domain of the antibiotic that is required for activity, while the binding protein confers resistance by sequestering the metal-bound antibiotic and preventing drug activation via molecular oxygen. We recently established that the ZBM producer, Streptomyces flavoviridis ATCC21892, lacks the N-acetyltransferase resistance gene and that the ZBM-binding protein, ZbmA, is sufficient to confer resistance in the producing strain. To investigate the resistance mechanism attributed to ZbmA, we determined the crystal structures of apo and Cu(II)-ZBM-bound ZbmA at high resolutions of 1.90 and 1.65 Å, respectively. A comparison and contrast with other structurally characterized members of the BLM-binding protein family revealed key differences in the protein-ligand binding environment that fine-tunes the ability of ZbmA to sequester metal-bound ZBM and supports drug sequestration as the primary resistance mechanism in the producing organisms of the BLM family of antitumor antibiotics.
Midwest Center for Structural Genomics and Structural Biology Center, Biosciences Division, Argonne National Laboratory , Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States.,BioSciences at Rice and Department of Chemistry, Rice University , Houston, Texas 77251, United States.,Department of Molecular Therapeutics, The Scripps Research Institute , Jupiter, Florida 33458, United States.,Natural Products Library Initiative, The Scripps Research Institute , Jupiter, Florida 33458, United States.,Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute , Jupiter, Florida 33458, United States.