5CBY

AncGR2 DNA Binding Domain - (+)GRE Complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.185 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Distal substitutions drive divergent DNA specificity among paralogous transcription factors through subdivision of conformational space.

Hudson, W.H.Kossmann, B.R.de Vera, I.M.Chuo, S.W.Weikum, E.R.Eick, G.N.Thornton, J.W.Ivanov, I.N.Kojetin, D.J.Ortlund, E.A.

(2016) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 113: 326-331

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1518960113
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5CC0, 5CC1, 5CBY, 5CBX, 5CBZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Many genomes contain families of paralogs--proteins with divergent function that evolved from a common ancestral gene after a duplication event. To understand how paralogous transcription factors evolve divergent DNA specificities, we examined how the glucocorticoid receptor and its paralogs evolved to bind activating response elements [(+)GREs] and negative glucocorticoid response elements (nGREs) ...

    Many genomes contain families of paralogs--proteins with divergent function that evolved from a common ancestral gene after a duplication event. To understand how paralogous transcription factors evolve divergent DNA specificities, we examined how the glucocorticoid receptor and its paralogs evolved to bind activating response elements [(+)GREs] and negative glucocorticoid response elements (nGREs). We show that binding to nGREs is a property of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) DNA-binding domain (DBD) not shared by other members of the steroid receptor family. Using phylogenetic, structural, biochemical, and molecular dynamics techniques, we show that the ancestral DBD from which GR and its paralogs evolved was capable of binding both nGRE and (+)GRE sequences because of the ancestral DBD's ability to assume multiple DNA-bound conformations. Subsequent amino acid substitutions in duplicated daughter genes selectively restricted protein conformational space, causing this dual DNA-binding specificity to be selectively enhanced in the GR lineage and lost in all others. Key substitutions that determined the receptors' response element-binding specificity were far from the proteins' DNA-binding interface and interacted epistatically to change the DBD's function through DNA-induced allosteric mechanisms. These amino acid substitutions subdivided both the conformational and functional space of the ancestral DBD among the present-day receptors, allowing a paralogous family of transcription factors to control disparate transcriptional programs despite high sequence identity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322; eric.ortlund@emory.edu.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
AncGR2 DNA Binding DomainA, B105unidentifiedMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P04150 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04150 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04150
PHAROS:  P04150
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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  • Entity ID: 2
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    DNA (5'-D(*CP*CP*AP*GP*AP*AP*CP*AP*GP*AP*GP*TP*GP*TP*TP*CP*TP*G)-3')C18synthetic construct
    Protein Feature View
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    • Reference Sequence
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    • Entity ID: 3
      MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
      DNA (5'-D(*TP*CP*AP*GP*AP*AP*CP*AP*CP*TP*CP*TP*GP*TP*TP*CP*TP*G)-3')D18synthetic construct
      Protein Feature View
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      • Reference Sequence
      Small Molecules
      Experimental Data & Validation

      Experimental Data

      • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
      • Resolution: 2.00 Å
      • R-Value Free: 0.217 
      • R-Value Work: 0.182 
      • R-Value Observed: 0.185 
      • Space Group: C 1 2 1
      Unit Cell:
      Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
      a = 131.644α = 90
      b = 38.798β = 119.65
      c = 98.25γ = 90
      Software Package:
      Software NamePurpose
      PHENIXrefinement
      SERGUIdata collection
      HKL-2000data reduction
      PHASERphasing

      Structure Validation

      View Full Validation Report




      Entry History & Funding Information

      Deposition Data


      Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
      National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIH/NIDDK)United StatesR01DK095750
      American Heart AssociationUnited States14GRNT20460124
      American Heart AssociationUnited States13PRE16920012

      Revision History  (Full details and data files)

      • Version 1.0: 2015-12-23
        Type: Initial release
      • Version 1.1: 2016-03-16
        Changes: Database references
      • Version 1.2: 2017-09-20
        Changes: Author supporting evidence, Database references, Derived calculations
      • Version 1.3: 2019-12-25
        Changes: Author supporting evidence