5CAW

Structure of Pediculus humanus Parkin bound to phospho-ubiquitin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.62 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.229 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanism of phospho-ubiquitin-induced PARKIN activation.

Wauer, T.Simicek, M.Schubert, A.Komander, D.

(2015) Nature 524: 370-374

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14879
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5C9V, 5CAW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The E3 ubiquitin ligase PARKIN (encoded by PARK2) and the protein kinase PINK1 (encoded by PARK6) are mutated in autosomal-recessive juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP) and work together in the disposal of damaged mitochondria by mitophagy. PINK1 is stabilized on the outside of depolarized mitochondria and phosphorylates polyubiquitin as well as the PARKIN ubiquitin-like (Ubl) domain ...

    The E3 ubiquitin ligase PARKIN (encoded by PARK2) and the protein kinase PINK1 (encoded by PARK6) are mutated in autosomal-recessive juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP) and work together in the disposal of damaged mitochondria by mitophagy. PINK1 is stabilized on the outside of depolarized mitochondria and phosphorylates polyubiquitin as well as the PARKIN ubiquitin-like (Ubl) domain. These phosphorylation events lead to PARKIN recruitment to mitochondria, and activation by an unknown allosteric mechanism. Here we present the crystal structure of Pediculus humanus PARKIN in complex with Ser65-phosphorylated ubiquitin (phosphoUb), revealing the molecular basis for PARKIN recruitment and activation. The phosphoUb binding site on PARKIN comprises a conserved phosphate pocket and harbours residues mutated in patients with AR-JP. PhosphoUb binding leads to straightening of a helix in the RING1 domain, and the resulting conformational changes release the Ubl domain from the PARKIN core; this activates PARKIN. Moreover, phosphoUb-mediated Ubl release enhances Ubl phosphorylation by PINK1, leading to conformational changes within the Ubl domain and stabilization of an open, active conformation of PARKIN. We redefine the role of the Ubl domain not only as an inhibitory but also as an activating element that is restrained in inactive PARKIN and released by phosphoUb. Our work opens up new avenues to identify small-molecule PARKIN activators.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase parkinA, C321Pediculus humanus corporisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Phum_PHUM2335708230172
EC: 6.3.2 (PDB Primary Data), 2.3.2.31 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for E0VIU9 (Pediculus humanus subsp. corporis)
Explore E0VIU9 
Go to UniProtKB:  E0VIU9
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupE0VIU9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Polyubiquitin-BB, D76Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: UBB
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P0CG47 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P0CG47 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0CG47
PHAROS:  P0CG47
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0CG47
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
M [auth A],
V [auth C],
W [auth C],
X [auth C],
Y [auth D]
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
E [auth A],
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A],
I [auth A],
J [auth A],
K [auth A],
L [auth A],
N [auth C],
O [auth C],
P [auth C],
Q [auth C],
R [auth C],
S [auth C],
T [auth C],
U [auth C]
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
B, D L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.62 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.229 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 49.17α = 90
b = 44.12β = 92.55
c = 204.531γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Medical Research Council (United Kingdom)United KingdomU105192732
European Research CouncilUnited Kingdom309756

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-07-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-07-29
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-08-26
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-09-13
    Changes: Advisory, Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations