5CAJ

Crystal structure of E. coli YaaA, a member of the DUF328/UPF0246 family


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.176 
  • R-Value Work: 0.151 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.152 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The DUF328 family member YaaA is a DNA-binding protein with a novel fold.

Prahlad, J.Yuan, Y.Lin, J.Chang, C.W.Iwata-Reuyl, D.Liu, Y.de Crecy-Lagard, V.Wilson, M.A.

(2020) J Biol Chem 295: 14236-14247

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.RA120.015055
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5CAJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • DUF328 family proteins are present in many prokaryotes; however, their molecular activities are unknown. The Escherichia coli DUF328 protein YaaA is a member of the OxyR regulon and is protective against oxidative stress. Because uncharacterized ...

    DUF328 family proteins are present in many prokaryotes; however, their molecular activities are unknown. The Escherichia coli DUF328 protein YaaA is a member of the OxyR regulon and is protective against oxidative stress. Because uncharacterized proteins involved in prokaryotic oxidative stress response are rare, we sought to learn more about the DUF328 family. Using comparative genomics, we found a robust association between the DUF328 family and genes involved in DNA recombination and the oxidative stress response. In some proteins, DUF328 domains are fused to other domains involved in DNA binding, recombination, and repair. Cofitness analysis indicates that DUF328 family genes associate with recombination-mediated DNA repair pathways, particularly the RecFOR pathway. Purified recombinant YaaA binds to dsDNA, duplex DNA containing bubbles of unpaired nucleotides, and Holliday junction constructs in vitro with dissociation equilibrium constants of 200-300 nm YaaA binds DNA with positive cooperativity, forming multiple shifted species in electrophoretic mobility shift assays. The 1.65-Å resolution X-ray crystal structure of YaaA reveals that the protein possesses a new fold that we name the cantaloupe fold. YaaA has a positively charged cleft and a helix-hairpin-helix DNA-binding motif found in other DNA repair enzymes. Our results demonstrate that YaaA is a new type of DNA-binding protein associated with the oxidative stress response and that this molecular function is likely conserved in other DUF328 family members.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Redox Biology Center, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA vcrecy@ufl.edu mwilson13@unl.edu.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
UPF0246 protein YaaA AB278Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: yaaAb0006JW0005
Find proteins for P0A8I3 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P0A8I3 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A8I3
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.65 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.176 
  • R-Value Work: 0.151 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.152 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 45.664α = 90
b = 77.06β = 90
c = 184.161γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIH/NIGMS)United StatesR01GM092999

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-02-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-09-20
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.2: 2019-12-25
    Changes: Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.3: 2020-07-08
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 1.4: 2020-10-28
    Changes: Database references