5BPU

Crystal structure of Norrin, a Wnt signalling activator, Crystal Form I


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.263 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and functional properties of Norrin mimic Wnt for signalling with Frizzled4, Lrp5/6, and proteoglycan.

Chang, T.H.Hsieh, F.L.Zebisch, M.Harlos, K.Elegheert, J.Jones, E.Y.

(2015) Elife 4: e06554

  • DOI: 10.7554/eLife.06554
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Wnt signalling regulates multiple processes including angiogenesis, inflammation, and tumorigenesis. Norrin (Norrie Disease Protein) is a cystine-knot like growth factor. Although unrelated to Wnt, Norrin activates the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Signal c ...

    Wnt signalling regulates multiple processes including angiogenesis, inflammation, and tumorigenesis. Norrin (Norrie Disease Protein) is a cystine-knot like growth factor. Although unrelated to Wnt, Norrin activates the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Signal complex formation involves Frizzled4 (Fz4), low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5/6 (Lrp5/6), Tetraspanin-12 and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Here, we report crystallographic and small-angle X-ray scattering analyses of Norrin in complex with Fz4 cysteine-rich domain (Fz4CRD), of this complex bound with GAG analogues, and of unliganded Norrin and Fz4CRD. Our structural, biophysical and cellular data, map Fz4 and putative Lrp5/6 binding sites to distinct patches on Norrin, and reveal a GAG binding site spanning Norrin and Fz4CRD. These results explain numerous disease-associated mutations. Comparison with the Xenopus Wnt8-mouse Fz8CRD complex reveals Norrin mimics Wnt for Frizzled recognition. The production and characterization of wild-type and mutant Norrins reported here open new avenues for the development of therapeutics to combat abnormal Norrin/Wnt signalling.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Norrin
A, B, C, D, E, F
122Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NDP (EVR2)
Find proteins for Q00604 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: NDP
Go to UniProtKB:  Q00604
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
(GGL)EEEEEE
H
7N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
(GGL)EEE
I
4N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
GGL
Query on GGL
H, I
L-gamma-peptide, C-delta linkingC5 H9 N O4

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.263 
  • R-Value Work: 0.217 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 46.370α = 90.00
b = 79.100β = 90.00
c = 234.340γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHENIXrefinement
Cootmodel building
MOSFLMdata reduction
PHENIXphasing
Aimlessdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Medical Research Council (United Kingdom)United KingdomG0900084
Cancer Research UKUnited KingdomC375/A10976
Wellcome TrustUnited Kingdom090532/Z/09/Z

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-07-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-07-22
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-07-29
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-09-13
    Type: Advisory, Author supporting evidence
  • Version 1.4: 2019-02-20
    Type: Advisory, Data collection, Derived calculations