Dissecting histidine interactions of ribonuclease T1 with asparagine and glutamine replacements: analysis of double mutant cycles at one position.De Vos, S., Doumen, J., Langhorst, U., Steyaert, J.
(1998) J Mol Biol 275: 651-661
- PubMed: 9466938
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.1997.1480
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- His92Ala Mutation in Ribonuclease T1 Induces Segmental Flexibility. An X-Ray Study
Koellner, G., Choe, H.W., Heinemann, U., Grunert, H.P., Zouni, A., Hahn, U., Saenger, W.
(1992) J Mol Biol 224: 701
- Three-Dimensional Structure of the Ribonuclease T1 2'-Gmp Complex at 1.9-A Resolution
Arni, R., Heinemann, U., Tokuoka, R., Saenger, W.
(1988) J Biol Chem 263: 15358
- Specific Protein-Nucleic Acid Recognition in Ribonuclease T1-2'-Guanylic Acid Complex. An X-Ray Study
Heinemann, U., Saenger, W.
(1982) Nature 299: 27
His92 of Ribonuclease T1 combines functional and structural features involving both imidazole nitrogens. To evaluate the use of Asn and Gln substitutions in dissecting the properties of histidines, we analysed the consequences of the His92Gln and His92Asn substitutions on the enzyme's structure, function, and conformational stability by protein engineering and X-ray crystallographic methods ...
His92 of Ribonuclease T1 combines functional and structural features involving both imidazole nitrogens. To evaluate the use of Asn and Gln substitutions in dissecting the properties of histidines, we analysed the consequences of the His92Gln and His92Asn substitutions on the enzyme's structure, function, and conformational stability by protein engineering and X-ray crystallographic methods. In the X-ray structures of wild-type and His92Gln RNase T1 in complex with 2'-GMP the His92-N epsilon 2 and Gln92-N epsilon 2 atoms are isosterically equivalent. Similarly, the His92N delta 1H...OAsn99 hydrogen bond observed in wild-type is replaced by an equivalent Asn92N delta 2H...OAsn99 in the His92Asn mutant structure. Double mutant cycles at a single position were used to analyse the intermolecular and intramolecular interactions of the exchangeable proton and the individual histidine nitrogens. Urea denaturation measurements as a function of pH revealed that the exchangeable proton of His92, rather than its imidazole ring is contributing about 1 kcal/mol to the conformational stability of RNase T1. The stabilizing and the destabilizing effects of the (His-->Gln) and the (His-->Asn) mutations on urea denaturation of RNase T1 at pH 9.0 suggest that the unprotonated N delta 1 and N epsilon 2 atoms contribute in a compensating way to the conformational stability of RNase T1. A comparative study of the kinetics of all mutants suggests that the protonated His92 imidazole is a strictly co-operative catalytic device.
Dienst Ultrastructuur, Vlaams Interuniversitair Instituut Biotechnologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.