5AY8

Crystal structure of human nucleosome containing H3.Y


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and function of human histone H3.Y nucleosome

Kujirai, T.Horikoshi, N.Sato, K.Maehara, K.Machida, S.Osakabe, A.Kimura, H.Ohkawa, Y.Kurumizaka, H.

(2016) Nucleic Acids Res. 44: 6127-6141

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkw202

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Histone H3.Y is a primate-specific, distant H3 variant. It is evolutionarily derived from H3.3, and may function in transcription regulation. However, the mechanism by which H3.Y regulates transcription has not been elucidated. In the present study, ...

    Histone H3.Y is a primate-specific, distant H3 variant. It is evolutionarily derived from H3.3, and may function in transcription regulation. However, the mechanism by which H3.Y regulates transcription has not been elucidated. In the present study, we determined the crystal structure of the H3.Y nucleosome, and found that many H3.Y-specific residues are located on the entry/exit sites of the nucleosome. Biochemical analyses revealed that the DNA ends of the H3.Y nucleosome were more flexible than those of the H3.3 nucleosome, although the H3.Y nucleosome was stable in vitro and in vivo Interestingly, the linker histone H1, which compacts nucleosomal DNA, appears to bind to the H3.Y nucleosome less efficiently, as compared to the H3.3 nucleosome. These characteristics of the H3.Y nucleosome are also conserved in the H3.Y/H3.3 heterotypic nucleosome, which may be the predominant form in cells. In human cells, H3.Y preferentially accumulated around transcription start sites (TSSs). Taken together, H3.Y-containing nucleosomes around transcription start sites may form relaxed chromatin that allows transcription factor access, to regulate the transcription status of specific genes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
H3.Y
A, E
139Homo sapiensGene Names: H3F3A, H3F3B (H3.3A, H3F3, H3.3B)
Find proteins for P84243 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: H3F3A H3F3B
Go to UniProtKB:  P84243
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H4
B, F
106Homo sapiensGene Names: HIST1H4A, HIST1H4B, HIST1H4C, HIST1H4D, HIST1H4E, HIST1H4F, HIST1H4H, HIST1H4I, HIST1H4J, HIST1H4K, HIST1H4L, HIST2H4A, HIST2H4B, HIST4H4 (H4/A, H4FA, H4/I, H4FI, H4/G, H4FG, H4/B, H4FB, H4/J, H4FJ, H4/C, H4FC, H4/H, H4FH, H4/M, H4FM, H4/E, H4FE, H4/D, H4FD, H4/K, H4FK, H4/N, H4F2, H4FN, HIST2H4, H4/O, H4FO)
Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P62805
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H2A type 1-B/E
C, G
133Homo sapiensGene Names: HIST1H2AB, HIST1H2AE (H2AFM, H2AFA)
Find proteins for P04908 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HIST1H2AB HIST1H2AE
Go to UniProtKB:  P04908
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H2B type 1-J
D, H
129Homo sapiensGene Names: HIST1H2BJ (H2BFR)
Find proteins for P06899 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HIST1H2BJ
Go to UniProtKB:  P06899
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (146-MER)I,J146Homo sapiens
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, G, I, J
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
J
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.201 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 101.522α = 90.00
b = 101.922β = 90.00
c = 175.736γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing
Cootmodel building
HKL-2000data collection
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationCountryGrant Number
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and TechnologyJapan25116002
Platform for Drug Discovery, Informatics, and Structural Life ScienceJapan--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-04-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-08-10
    Type: Database references