5AVB

human nucleosome core particle


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Intra- and inter-nucleosomal interactions of the histone H4 tail revealed with a human nucleosome core particle with genetically-incorporated H4 tetra-acetylation

Wakamori, M.Fujii, Y.Suka, N.Shirouzu, M.Sakamoto, K.Umehara, T.Yokoyama, S.

(2015) Sci Rep 5: 17204-17204

  • DOI: 10.1038/srep17204
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5AVC, 5AVB, 5AV5, 5AV6, 5AV9, 5AV8

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histones, such as lysine acetylation of the N-terminal tails, play crucial roles in controlling gene expression. Due to the difficulty in reconstituting site-specifically acetylated nucleosomes with crystallizat ...

    Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histones, such as lysine acetylation of the N-terminal tails, play crucial roles in controlling gene expression. Due to the difficulty in reconstituting site-specifically acetylated nucleosomes with crystallization quality, structural analyses of histone acetylation are currently performed using synthesized tail peptides. Through engineering of the genetic code, translation termination, and cell-free protein synthesis, we reconstituted human H4-mono- to tetra-acetylated nucleosome core particles (NCPs), and solved the crystal structures of the H4-K5/K8/K12/K16-tetra-acetylated NCP and unmodified NCP at 2.4 Å and 2.2 Å resolutions, respectively. The structure of the H4-tetra-acetylated NCP resembled that of the unmodified NCP, and the DNA wrapped the histone octamer as precisely as in the unmodified NCP. However, the B-factors were significantly increased for the peripheral DNAs near the N-terminal tail of the intra- or inter-nucleosomal H4. In contrast, the B-factors were negligibly affected by the H4 tetra-acetylation in histone core residues, including those composing the acidic patch, and at H4-R23, which interacts with the acidic patch of the neighboring NCP. The present study revealed that the H4 tetra-acetylation impairs NCP self-association by changing the interactions of the H4 tail with DNA, and is the first demonstration of crystallization quality NCPs reconstituted with genuine PTMs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    RIKEN Structural Biology Laboratory, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3.1 AE139Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P68431
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PHAROS:  P68431
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H4 BF104Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P62805 
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PHAROS:  P62805
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2A type 1-B/E CG133Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2ABH2AFMHIST1H2AEH2AFAH2AC4H2AC8
Find proteins for P04908 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04908 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04908
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PHAROS:  P04908
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2B type 1-J DH129Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2BJH2BFRH2BC11
Find proteins for P06899 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P06899 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06899
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PHAROS:  P06899
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (147-MER)I147Homo sapiens
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Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (147-MER)J147Homo sapiens
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 105.95α = 90
b = 110.09β = 90
c = 181.61γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapan24613007
Science and Technology (MEXT)Japan23114005

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-12-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Author supporting evidence, Data collection, Derived calculations