5AHJ

Yeast 20S proteasome in complex with Macyranone A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Macyranones: Structure, Biosynthesis, and Binding Mode of an Unprecedented Epoxyketone that Targets the 20S Proteasome.

Keller, L.Plaza, A.Dubiella, C.Groll, M.Kaiser, M.Muller, R.

(2015) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 137: 8121

  • DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b03833

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In our screening efforts to identify unique scaffolds from myxobacteria for the drug discovery process, we used LC-SPE-NMR-MS techniques to isolate six linear peptides, termed macyranone A-F, from Cystobacter fuscus MCy9118. The macyranones are chara ...

    In our screening efforts to identify unique scaffolds from myxobacteria for the drug discovery process, we used LC-SPE-NMR-MS techniques to isolate six linear peptides, termed macyranone A-F, from Cystobacter fuscus MCy9118. The macyranones are characterized by a rare 2-methylmalonamide moiety and an α-amino ketone fragment including an α',β'-epoxyketone in macyranone A. Gene disruption experiments confirmed the biosynthetic gene cluster of the macyranones as PKS/NRPS hybrid. Detailed in silico and phylogenetic analysis unraveled that the biosynthesis involves two conspicuous amide bond formations accomplished by an amidotransferase and a unique condensation domain. The gene cluster provides further insights into the formation of the powerful epoxyketone residue involving an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and an unconventional free-standing thioesterase. Macyranone A was found to inhibit the chymotrypsin-like activity of the yeast 20S proteasome with an IC50 of 5.9 nM and the human constitutive proteasome and immunoproteasome with IC50 values of 21 and 15 nM, respectively. The β5 subunit of the 20S proteasome was characterized as target by X-ray crystallography revealing an irreversible binding mode similar to the natural product epoxomicin. The presence of the methylmalonamide residue facilitates the stabilization of macyranone A with the active β5 subunit of the proteasome. Macyranone A exhibits a potent inhibitory effect against the parasites Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Leishmania donovani with IC50 values of 1.55 and 0.22 μM, respectively.


    Organizational Affiliation

    †Department of Microbial Natural Products, Helmholtz-Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland (HIPS), Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI) and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Saarland University, Campus C2 3, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT ALPHA TYPE-2
A, O
250Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE8 (PRS4)
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P23639 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P23639
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT ALPHA TYPE-3
B, P
258Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE9 (PRS5)
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P23638 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P23638
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT ALPHA TYPE-4
C, Q
254Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE6
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P40303 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P40303
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT ALPHA TYPE-5
D, R
260Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PUP2 (DOA5)
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P32379 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P32379
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT ALPHA TYPE-6
E, S
234Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE5
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P40302 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P40302
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROBABLE PROTEASOME SUBUNIT ALPHA TYPE-7
F, T
288Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE10 (PRC1, PRS1)
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P21242 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P21242
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT ALPHA TYPE-1
G, U
252Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SCL1 (PRC2, PRS2)
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P21243 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P21243
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT BETA TYPE-2
H, V
232Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PUP1
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P25043 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P25043
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT BETA TYPE-3
I, W
205Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PUP3
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P25451 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P25451
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT BETA TYPE-4
J, X
198Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE1
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P22141 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P22141
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT BETA TYPE-5
K, Y
212Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE2 (DOA3, PRG1)
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P30656 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P30656
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT BETA TYPE-6
L, Z
222Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE7 (PRS3, PTS1)
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P23724 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P23724
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PROTEASOME SUBUNIT BETA TYPE-7
M, a
233Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE4
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P30657 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P30657
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
20S PROTEASOME
N, b
196Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRE3
EC: 3.4.25.1
Find proteins for P38624 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P38624
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
b, G, N, U
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
G, I, K, N, V, Y, Z
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
7IM
Query on 7IM

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Download CCD File 
b, H, K, N, V, Y
N-[(2S)-3-{[(1S)-1-carboxy-2-phenylethyl]amino}-2-methyl-3-oxopropanoyl]-L-threonyl-N-[(3S,4S)-1,3-dihydroxy-6-methylheptan-4-yl]-L-allothreoninamide
C29 H46 N4 O10
AENNWPPXJYCTJY-JYDWQXCDSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MES
Query on MES

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Download CCD File 
K, Y
2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.219 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 133.670α = 90.00
b = 300.700β = 112.52
c = 143.990γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-02-24
    Type: Database references