The selective autophagy receptor TAX1BP1 is required for autophagy- dependent capture of cytosolic Salmonella typhimurium

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: NO VIOLATIONS 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

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The Autophagy Receptor Tax1BP1 and the Molecular Motor Myosin Vi are Required for Clearance of Salmonella Typhimurium by Autophagy.

Tumbarello, D.A.Manna, P.T.Allen, M.Bycroft, M.Arden, S.D.Kendrick-Jones, J.Buss, F.

(2015) PLoS Pathog 11: 05174

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1005174
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Autophagy plays a key role during Salmonella infection, by eliminating these pathogens following escape into the cytosol. In this process, selective autophagy receptors, including the myosin VI adaptor proteins optineurin and NDP52, have been shown to recognize cytosolic pathogens. Here, we demonstrate that myosin VI and TAX1BP1 are recruited to ubiquitylated Salmonella and play a key role in xenophagy. The absence of TAX1BP1 causes an accumulation of ubiquitin-positive Salmonella, whereas loss of myosin VI leads to an increase in ubiquitylated and LC3-positive bacteria. Our structural studies demonstrate that the ubiquitin-binding site of TAX1BP1 overlaps with the myosin VI binding site and point mutations in the TAX1BP1 zinc finger domains that affect ubiquitin binding also ablate binding to myosin VI. This mutually exclusive binding and the association of TAX1BP1 with LC3 on the outer limiting membrane of autophagosomes may suggest a molecular mechanism for recruitment of this motor to autophagosomes. The predominant role of TAX1BP1, a paralogue of NDP52, in xenophagy is supported by our evolutionary analysis, which demonstrates that functionally intact NDP52 is missing in Xenopus and mice, whereas TAX1BP1 is expressed in all vertebrates analysed. In summary, this work highlights the importance of TAX1BP1 as a novel autophagy receptor in myosin VI-mediated xenophagy. Our study identifies essential new machinery for the autophagy-dependent clearance of Salmonella typhimurium and suggests modulation of myosin VI motor activity as a potential therapeutic target in cellular immunity.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
TAX1-BINDING PROTEIN 164Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TAX1BP1T6BPPRO0105
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q86VP1 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q86VP1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q86VP1
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ86VP1
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A],
C [auth A]
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: NO VIOLATIONS 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-09-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-03-30
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2019-10-23
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Other