5A86

Structure of pregnane X receptor in complex with a Sphingosine 1- Phosphate Receptor 1 Antagonist


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.231 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.232 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Identification and Optimization of Benzimidazole Sulfonamides as Orally Bioavailable Sphingosine 1-Phosphate Receptor 1 Antagonists with in Vivo Activity.

Hennessy, E.J.Oza, V.B.Adam, A.Byth, K.Castriotta, L.Grewal, G.Hamilton, G.Kamhi, V.M.Lewis, P.Li, D.Lyne, P.D.Oster, L.Rooney, M.T.Saeh, J.C.Sha, L.Su, Q.Wen, S.Xue, Y.Yang, B.

(2015) J Med Chem 58: 7057

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b01078
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5A86

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We report here a novel series of benzimidazole sulfonamides that act as antagonists of the S1P1 receptor, identified by exploiting an understanding of the pharmacophore of a high throughput screening (HTS)-derived series of compounds described previo ...

    We report here a novel series of benzimidazole sulfonamides that act as antagonists of the S1P1 receptor, identified by exploiting an understanding of the pharmacophore of a high throughput screening (HTS)-derived series of compounds described previously. Lead compound 2 potently inhibits S1P-induced receptor internalization in a cell-based assay (EC50 = 0.05 μM), but has poor physical properties and metabolic stability. Evolution of this compound through structure-activity relationship development and property optimization led to in vivo probes such as 4. However, this compound was unexpectedly found to be a potent CYP3A inducer in human hepatocytes, and thus further chemistry efforts were directed at addressing this liability. By employing a pregnane X receptor (PXR) reporter gene assay to prioritize compounds for further testing in human hepatocytes, we identified lipophilicity as a key molecular property influencing the likelihood of P450 induction. Ultimately, we have identified compounds such as 46 and 47, which demonstrate the desired S1P1 antagonist activity while having greatly reduced risk of CYP3A induction in humans. These compounds have excellent oral bioavailability in preclinical species and exhibit pharmacodynamic effects of S1P1 antagonism in several in vivo models following oral dosing. Relatively modest antitumor activity was observed in multiple xenograft models, however, suggesting that selective S1P1 antagonists would have limited utility as anticancer therapeutics as single agents.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Oncology iMed, Innovative Medicines and Early Development, AstraZeneca R&D Boston , 35 Gatehouse Drive, Waltham, Massachusetts 02451, United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
NUCLEAR RECEPTOR SUBFAMILY 1 GROUP I MEMBER 2AB314Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NR1I2PXR
Find proteins for O75469 (Homo sapiens)
Explore O75469 
Go to UniProtKB:  O75469
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  O75469
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
NUCLEAR RECEPTOR COACTIVATOR 1CD17Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NCOA1BHLHE74SRC1
EC: 2.3.1.48
Find proteins for Q15788 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q15788 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q15788
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q15788
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
D7E
Query on D7E

Download CCD File 
A, B
4-chloro-N-[(1R)-1-[1-ethyl-6-(trifluoromethyl)benzimidazol-2-yl]ethyl]benzenesulfonamide
C18 H17 Cl F3 N3 O2 S
GZEBDYPIIBQKLB-LLVKDONJSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.231 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.232 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 83.67α = 90
b = 89.2β = 90
c = 106.56γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
BUSTERrefinement
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2015-07-13 
  • Released Date: 2015-10-21 
  • Deposition Author(s): Xue, Y., Oster, L.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-10-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-05-16
    Changes: Data collection