4X4W

Crystal structure of the full-length human mitochondrial CCA-adding enzyme


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

On-Enzyme Refolding Permits Small RNA and tRNA Surveillance by the CCA-Adding Enzyme.

Kuhn, C.D.Wilusz, J.E.Zheng, Y.Beal, P.A.Joshua-Tor, L.

(2015) Cell 160: 644-658

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.01.005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transcription in eukaryotes produces a number of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). Two of these, MALAT1 and MenĪ², generate a tRNA-like small RNA in addition to the mature lncRNA. The stability of these tRNA-like small RNAs and bona fide tRNAs is monitor ...

    Transcription in eukaryotes produces a number of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). Two of these, MALAT1 and MenĪ², generate a tRNA-like small RNA in addition to the mature lncRNA. The stability of these tRNA-like small RNAs and bona fide tRNAs is monitored by the CCA-adding enzyme. Whereas CCA is added to stable tRNAs and tRNA-like transcripts, a second CCA repeat is added to certain unstable transcripts to initiate their degradation. Here, we characterize how these two scenarios are distinguished. Following the first CCA addition cycle, nucleotide binding to the active site triggers a clockwise screw motion, producing torque on the RNA. This ejects stable RNAs, whereas unstable RNAs are refolded while bound to the enzyme and subjected to a second CCA catalytic cycle. Intriguingly, with the CCA-adding enzyme acting as a molecular vise, the RNAs proofread themselves through differential responses to its interrogation between stable and unstable substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    W.M. Keck Structural Biology Laboratory, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1 Bungtown Road, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CCA tRNA nucleotidyltransferase 1, mitochondrial
A, B
416Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TRNT1
EC: 2.7.7.72
Find proteins for Q96Q11 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: TRNT1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q96Q11
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A, B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FLC
Query on FLC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
CITRATE ANION
C6 H5 O7
KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.154 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 40.970α = 90.00
b = 142.360β = 94.64
c = 100.590γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Howard Hughes Medical InstituteUnited States--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-02-18
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-02-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-22
    Type: Derived calculations, Refinement description, Source and taxonomy