4X4Q

Crystal structure of the A.fulgidus CCA-adding enzyme in complex with a G70A arginyl-tRNA minihelix ending in CCAC and CTP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.284 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.229 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

On-Enzyme Refolding Permits Small RNA and tRNA Surveillance by the CCA-Adding Enzyme.

Kuhn, C.D.Wilusz, J.E.Zheng, Y.Beal, P.A.Joshua-Tor, L.

(2015) Cell 160: 644-658

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2015.01.005
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4X4N, 4X4O, 4X4P, 4X4Q, 4X4R, 4X4S, 4X4T, 4X4U, 4X4V, 4X4W

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transcription in eukaryotes produces a number of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). Two of these, MALAT1 and Menβ, generate a tRNA-like small RNA in addition to the mature lncRNA. The stability of these tRNA-like small RNAs and bona fide tRNAs is monitored by the CCA-adding enzyme ...

    Transcription in eukaryotes produces a number of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). Two of these, MALAT1 and Menβ, generate a tRNA-like small RNA in addition to the mature lncRNA. The stability of these tRNA-like small RNAs and bona fide tRNAs is monitored by the CCA-adding enzyme. Whereas CCA is added to stable tRNAs and tRNA-like transcripts, a second CCA repeat is added to certain unstable transcripts to initiate their degradation. Here, we characterize how these two scenarios are distinguished. Following the first CCA addition cycle, nucleotide binding to the active site triggers a clockwise screw motion, producing torque on the RNA. This ejects stable RNAs, whereas unstable RNAs are refolded while bound to the enzyme and subjected to a second CCA catalytic cycle. Intriguingly, with the CCA-adding enzyme acting as a molecular vise, the RNAs proofread themselves through differential responses to its interrogation between stable and unstable substrates.


    Organizational Affiliation

    W.M. Keck Structural Biology Laboratory, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1 Bungtown Road, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724, USA. Electronic address: leemor@cshl.edu.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CCA-adding enzymeA, C457Archaeoglobus fulgidus DSM 4304Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ccaAF_2156
EC: 2.7.7.72
Find proteins for O28126 (Archaeoglobus fulgidus (strain ATCC 49558 / VC-16 / DSM 4304 / JCM 9628 / NBRC 100126))
Explore O28126 
Go to UniProtKB:  O28126
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar nucleic acids by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
G70A tRNA minihelix ending in CCACB, D36Homo sapiens
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.284 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.229 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 111.484α = 90
b = 215.582β = 90
c = 58.469γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI)United States--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-02-18
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-02-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-22
    Changes: Derived calculations, Refinement description, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.4: 2019-11-20
    Changes: Author supporting evidence