4R6X

Plasmodium falciparum phosphoethanolamine methyltransferase D128A mutant in complex with S-adenosylhomocysteine and phosphoethanolamine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

An Alternative Mechanism for the Methylation of Phosphoethanolamine Catalyzed by Plasmodium falciparum Phosphoethanolamine Methyltransferase.

Saen-Oon, S.Lee, S.G.Jez, J.M.Guallar, V.

(2014) J Biol Chem 289: 33815-33825

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.611319
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4R6W, 4R6X

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The phosphobase methylation pathway catalyzed by the phosphoethanolamine methyltransferase in Plasmodium falciparum (PfPMT), the malaria parasite, offers an attractive target for anti-parasitic drug development. PfPMT methylates phosphoethanolamine (pEA) to phosphocholine for use in membrane biogenesis ...

    The phosphobase methylation pathway catalyzed by the phosphoethanolamine methyltransferase in Plasmodium falciparum (PfPMT), the malaria parasite, offers an attractive target for anti-parasitic drug development. PfPMT methylates phosphoethanolamine (pEA) to phosphocholine for use in membrane biogenesis. Quantum mechanics and molecular mechanics (QM/MM) calculations tested the proposed reaction mechanism for methylation of pEA involving the previously identified Tyr-19-His-132 dyad, which indicated an energetically unfavorable mechanism. Instead, the QM/MM calculations suggested an alternative mechanism involving Asp-128. The reaction coordinate involves the stepwise transfer of a proton to Asp-128 via a bridging water molecule followed by a typical Sn2-type methyl transfer from S-adenosylmethionine to pEA. Functional analysis of the D128A, D128E, D128Q, and D128N PfPMT mutants shows a loss of activity with pEA but not with the final substrate of the methylation pathway. X-ray crystal structures of the PfPMT-D128A mutant in complex with S-adenosylhomocysteine and either pEA or phosphocholine reveal how mutation of Asp-128 disrupts a hydrogen bond network in the active site. The combined QM/MM, biochemical, and structural studies identify a key role for Asp-128 in the initial step of the phosphobase methylation pathway in Plasmodium and provide molecular insight on the evolution of multiple activities in the active site of the PMT.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Joint Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centre for Genomic Regulation-Institute for Research in Biomedicine Research Program, Carrer de Jordi Girona 29, 08034 Barcelona, Spain, the Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies, Barcelona 08010, Spain victor.guallar@bsc.es.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferaseA, B258Plasmodium falciparumMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: PMT
UniProt
Find proteins for Q6T755 (Plasmodium falciparum)
Explore Q6T755 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q6T755
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SAH (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on SAH

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], F [auth B]S-ADENOSYL-L-HOMOCYSTEINE
C14 H20 N6 O5 S
ZJUKTBDSGOFHSH-WFMPWKQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
OPE
Query on OPE

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], E [auth B]PHOSPHORIC ACID MONO-(2-AMINO-ETHYL) ESTER
C2 H8 N O4 P
SUHOOTKUPISOBE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 
  • Space Group: P 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 76.826α = 90
b = 43.652β = 107.79
c = 88.053γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-3000data collection
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-3000data reduction
HKL-3000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2014-08-26 
  • Released Date: 2014-10-08 
  • Deposition Author(s): Lee, S.G., Jez, J.M.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-10-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-22
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-12-24
    Changes: Database references