4OE5

Structure of Human ALDH4A1 Crystallized in Space Group P21


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Studies of Yeast Delta (1)-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate Dehydrogenase (ALDH4A1): Active Site Flexibility and Oligomeric State.

Pemberton, T.A.Srivastava, D.Sanyal, N.Henzl, M.T.Becker, D.F.Tanner, J.J.

(2014) Biochemistry 53: 1350-1359

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi500048b
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The proline catabolic enzyme Δ(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (ALDH4A1) catalyzes the NAD(+)-dependent oxidation of γ-glutamate semialdehyde to l-glutamate. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ALDH4A1 is encoded by the PUT2 gene and known as Put2p ...

    The proline catabolic enzyme Δ(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (ALDH4A1) catalyzes the NAD(+)-dependent oxidation of γ-glutamate semialdehyde to l-glutamate. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ALDH4A1 is encoded by the PUT2 gene and known as Put2p. Here we report the steady-state kinetic parameters of the purified recombinant enzyme, two crystal structures of Put2p, and the determination of the oligomeric state and quaternary structure from small-angle X-ray scattering and sedimentation velocity. Using Δ(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate as the substrate, catalytic parameters kcat and Km were determined to be 1.5 s(-1) and 104 μM, respectively, with a catalytic efficiency of 14000 M(-1) s(-1). Although Put2p exhibits the expected aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily fold, a large portion of the active site is disordered in the crystal structure. Electron density for the 23-residue aldehyde substrate-binding loop is absent, implying substantial conformational flexibility in solution. We furthermore report a new crystal form of human ALDH4A1 (42% identical to Put2p) that also shows disorder in this loop. The crystal structures provide evidence of multiple active site conformations in the substrate-free form of the enzyme, which is consistent with a conformational selection mechanism of substrate binding. We also show that Put2p forms a trimer-of-dimers hexamer in solution. This result is unexpected because human ALDH4A1 is dimeric, whereas some bacterial ALDH4A1s are hexameric. Thus, global sequence identity and domain of life are poor predictors of the oligomeric states of ALDH4A1. Mutation of a single Trp residue that forms knob-in-hole interactions across the dimer-dimer interface abrogates hexamer formation, suggesting that this residue is the center of a protein-protein association hot spot.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri-Columbia , Columbia, Missouri 65211, United States.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase, mitochondrialA, B, C, D549Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ALDH4ALDH4A1P5CDH
EC: 1.2.1.88
Find proteins for P30038 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P30038 
Go to UniProtKB:  P30038
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P30038
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
1PE
Query on 1PE

Download CCD File 
A, B, C
PENTAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C10 H22 O6
JLFNLZLINWHATN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 91.96α = 90
b = 121.335β = 104.23
c = 93.397γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2014-01-11 
  • Released Date: 2014-02-19 
  • Deposition Author(s): Tanner, J.J.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-02-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-03-19
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-22
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.3: 2020-03-18
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations