Crystal structure of Plasmodium vivax Prx1a

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 

Starting Model: experimental
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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Re-refinement Note

This entry reflects an alternative modeling of the original data in: 2h66


Observed octameric assembly of a Plasmodium yoelii peroxiredoxin can be explained by the replacement of native "ball-and-socket" interacting residues by an affinity tag.

Gretes, M.C.Karplus, P.A.

(2013) Protein Sci 22: 1445-1452

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pro.2328
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4L0U, 4L0W

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are ubiquitous and efficient antioxidant enzymes crucial for redox homeostasis in most organisms, and are of special importance for disease-causing parasites that must protect themselves against the oxidative weapons of the human immune system. Here, we describe reanalyses of crystal structures of two Prxs from malaria parasites. In addition to producing improved structures, we provide normalizing explanations for features that had been noted as unusual in the original report of these structures (Qiu et al., BMC Struct Biol 2012;12:2). Most importantly, we provide evidence that the unusual octameric assembly seen for Plasmodium yoelii Prx1a is not physiologically relevant, but arises because the structure is not of authentic P. yoelii Prx1a, but a variant we designate PyPrx1a(N*) that has seven native N-terminal residues replaced by an affinity tag. This N-terminal modification disrupts a previously unrecognized, hydrophobic "ball-and-socket" interaction conserved at the B-type dimer interface of Prx1 subfamily enzymes, and is accommodated by a fascinating two-residue "β-slip" type register shift in the β-strand association at a dimer interface. The resulting change in the geometry of the dimer provides a simple explanation for octamer formation. This study illustrates how substantive impacts can occur in protein variants in which native residues have been altered.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, 97239; Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, 97331.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
2-Cys peroxiredoxin, putative
A, B, C, D, E
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J
213Plasmodium vivax Sal-1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PVX_118545
Find proteins for A5K421 (Plasmodium vivax (strain Salvador I))
Explore A5K421 
Go to UniProtKB:  A5K421
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupA5K421
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.212 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.55α = 90
b = 149.59β = 104.88
c = 131.91γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-11-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2023-09-20
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description