Crystal Structures of Carbamate Kinase from Giardia lamblia Bound with Citric Acid and AMP-PNP.Lim, K., Kulakova, L., Galkin, A., Herzberg, O.
(2013) PLoS One 8: e64004-e64004
- PubMed: 23700444
- DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064004
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
4JZ7, 4JZ8, 4JZ9
- PubMed Abstract:
- X-ray structure and characterization of carbamate kinase from the human parasite Giardia lamblia.
Galkin, A., Kulakova, L., Wu, R., Nash, T.E., Dunaway-Mariano, D., Herzberg, O.
(2010) Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun 66: 386
The parasite Giardia lamblia utilizes the L-arginine dihydrolase pathway to generate ATP from L-arginine. Carbamate kinase (CK) catalyzes the last step in this pathway, converting ADP and carbamoyl phosphate to ATP and ammonium carbamate. Because the L-arginine pathway is essential for G ...
The parasite Giardia lamblia utilizes the L-arginine dihydrolase pathway to generate ATP from L-arginine. Carbamate kinase (CK) catalyzes the last step in this pathway, converting ADP and carbamoyl phosphate to ATP and ammonium carbamate. Because the L-arginine pathway is essential for G. lamblia survival and absent in high eukaryotes including humans, the enzyme is a potential target for drug development. We have determined two crystal structures of G. lamblia CK (glCK) with bound ligands. One structure, in complex with a nonhydrolyzable ATP analog, adenosine 5'-adenylyl-β,γ-imidodiphosphate (AMP-PNP), was determined at 2.6 Å resolution. The second structure, in complex with citric acid bound in the postulated carbamoyl phosphate binding site, was determined in two slightly different states at 2.1 and 2.4 Å resolution. These structures reveal conformational flexibility of an auxiliary domain (amino acid residues 123-170), which exhibits open or closed conformations or structural disorder, depending on the bound ligand. The structures also reveal a smaller conformational change in a region associated the AMP-PNP adenine binding site. The protein residues involved in binding, together with a model of the transition state, suggest that catalysis follows an in-line, predominantly dissociative, phosphotransfer reaction mechanism, and that closure of the flexible auxiliary domain is required to protect the transition state from bulk solvent.
Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology Research, University of Maryland, Rockville, Maryland, USA.