4IJ5

Crystal Structure of a Novel-type Phosphoserine Phosphatase from <i>Hydrogenobacter thermophilus</i> TK-6


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural units important for activity of a novel-type phosphoserine phosphatase from Hydrogenobacter thermophilus TK-6 revealed by crystal structure analysis

Chiba, Y.Horita, S.Ohtsuka, J.Arai, H.Nagata, K.Igarashi, Y.Tanokura, M.Ishii, M.

(2013) J Biol Chem 288: 11448-11458

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.449561
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4IJ5, 4IJ6

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Novel-type serine-synthesizing enzymes, termed metal-independent phosphoserine phosphatases (iPSPs), were recently identified and characterized from Hydrogenobacter thermophilus, a chemolithoautotrophic bacterium belonging to the order Aquificales. iPSPs are cofactor-dependent phosphoglycerate mutase (dPGM)-like phosphatases that have significant amino acid sequence similarity to dPGMs but lack phosphoglycerate mutase activity ...

    Novel-type serine-synthesizing enzymes, termed metal-independent phosphoserine phosphatases (iPSPs), were recently identified and characterized from Hydrogenobacter thermophilus, a chemolithoautotrophic bacterium belonging to the order Aquificales. iPSPs are cofactor-dependent phosphoglycerate mutase (dPGM)-like phosphatases that have significant amino acid sequence similarity to dPGMs but lack phosphoglycerate mutase activity. Genes coding dPGM-like phosphatases have been identified in a broad range of organisms; however, predicting the function of the corresponding proteins based on sequence information alone is difficult due to their diverse substrate preferences. Here, we determined the crystal structure of iPSP1 from H. thermophilus in the apo-form and in complex with its substrate L-phosphoserine to find structural units important for its phosphatase activity toward L-phosphoserine. Structural and biochemical characterization of iPSP1 revealed that the side chains of His(85) and C-terminal region characteristic of iPSP1 are responsible for the PSP activity. The importance of these structural units for PSP activity was confirmed by high PSP activity observed in two novel dPGM-like proteins from Cyanobacteria and Chloroflexus in which the two structural units were conserved. We anticipate that our present findings will facilitate understanding of the serine biosynthesis pathways of organisms that lack gene(s) encoding conventional PSPs, as the structural information revealed here will help to identify iPSP from sequence databases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Phosphoserine phosphatase 1A, B211Hydrogenobacter thermophilus TK-6Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: pspApgmAHTH_0103Hydth_0104
EC: 3.1.3.3
UniProt
Find proteins for D3DFG8 (Hydrogenobacter thermophilus (strain DSM 6534 / IAM 12695 / TK-6))
Explore D3DFG8 
Go to UniProtKB:  D3DFG8
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupD3DFG8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.197 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 49.81α = 90
b = 73.63β = 90
c = 124.28γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-03-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-07-10
    Changes: Database references