4GA6

Crystal structure of AMP phosphorylase C-terminal deletion mutant in complex with substrates


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.21 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure analysis of archaeal AMP phosphorylase reveals two unique modes of dimerization

Nishitani, Y.Aono, R.Nakamura, A.Sato, T.Atomi, H.Imanaka, T.Miki, K.

(2013) J Mol Biol 425: 2709-2721

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2013.04.026
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4GA6, 4GA4, 4GA5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • AMP phosphorylase (AMPpase) catalyzes the initial reaction in a novel AMP metabolic pathway recently found in archaea, converting AMP and phosphate into adenine and ribose 1,5-bisphosphate. Gel-filtration chromatography revealed that AMPpase from Thermococcus kodakarensis (Tk-AMPpase) forms an exceptionally large macromolecular structure (>40-mers) in solution ...

    AMP phosphorylase (AMPpase) catalyzes the initial reaction in a novel AMP metabolic pathway recently found in archaea, converting AMP and phosphate into adenine and ribose 1,5-bisphosphate. Gel-filtration chromatography revealed that AMPpase from Thermococcus kodakarensis (Tk-AMPpase) forms an exceptionally large macromolecular structure (>40-mers) in solution. To investigate its unique multimerization feature, we determined the first crystal structures of Tk-AMPpase, in the apo-form and in complex with substrates. Structures of two truncated forms of Tk-AMPpase (Tk-AMPpaseΔN84 and Tk-AMPpaseΔC10) clarified that this multimerization is achieved by two dimer interfaces within a single molecule: one by the central domain and the other by the C-terminal domain, which consists of an unexpected domain-swapping interaction. The N-terminal domain, characteristic of archaeal enzymes, is essential for enzymatic activity, participating in multimerization as well as domain closure of the active site upon substrate binding. Moreover, biochemical analysis demonstrated that the macromolecular assembly of Tk-AMPpase contributes to its high thermostability, essential for an enzyme from a hyperthermophile. Our findings unveil a unique archaeal nucleotide phosphorylase that is distinct in both function and structure from previously known members of the nucleoside phosphorylase II family.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Putative thymidine phosphorylaseA, B513Thermococcus kodakarensis KOD1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: deoATK0352
EC: 2.4.2.4 (PDB Primary Data), 2.4.2.57 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q5JCX3 (Thermococcus kodakarensis (strain ATCC BAA-918 / JCM 12380 / KOD1))
Explore Q5JCX3 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5JCX3
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.21 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.177α = 90
b = 87.915β = 98.77
c = 105.549γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-05-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-03-12
    Changes: Database references