4EP4

Thermus thermophilus RuvC structure


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.28 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.191 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.155 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural asymmetry in the Thermus thermophilus RuvC dimer suggests a basis for sequential strand cleavages during Holliday junction resolution.

Chen, L.Shi, K.Yin, Z.Aihara, H.

(2013) Nucleic Acids Res 41: 648-656

  • DOI: 10.1093/nar/gks1015
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4EP4, 4EP5

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Holliday junction (HJ) resolvases are structure-specific endonucleases that cleave four-way DNA junctions (HJs) generated during DNA recombination and repair. Bacterial RuvC, a prototypical HJ resolvase, functions as homodimer and nicks DNA strands precisely across the junction point ...

    Holliday junction (HJ) resolvases are structure-specific endonucleases that cleave four-way DNA junctions (HJs) generated during DNA recombination and repair. Bacterial RuvC, a prototypical HJ resolvase, functions as homodimer and nicks DNA strands precisely across the junction point. To gain insights into the mechanisms underlying symmetrical strand cleavages by RuvC, we performed crystallographic and biochemical analyses of RuvC from Thermus thermophilus (T.th. RuvC). The crystal structure of T.th. RuvC shows an overall protein fold similar to that of Escherichia coli RuvC, but T.th. RuvC has a more tightly associated dimer interface possibly reflecting its thermostability. The binding mode of a HJ-DNA substrate can be inferred from the shape/charge complementarity between the T.th. RuvC dimer and HJ-DNA, as well as positions of sulfate ions bound on the protein surface. Unexpectedly, the structure of T.th. RuvC homodimer refined at 1.28 Å resolution shows distinct asymmetry near the dimer interface, in the region harboring catalytically important aromatic residues. The observation suggests that the T.th. RuvC homodimer interconverts between two asymmetric conformations, with alternating subunits switched on for DNA strand cleavage. This model provides a structural basis for the 'nick-counter-nick' mechanism in HJ resolution, a mode of HJ processing shared by prokaryotic and eukaryotic HJ resolvases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Molecular biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Crossover junction endodeoxyribonuclease RuvCA, B166Thermus thermophilus HB8Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ruvCTTHA1090
EC: 3.1.22.4
Find proteins for Q5SJC4 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Explore Q5SJC4 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SJC4
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth B]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth B]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.28 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.191 
  • R-Value Work: 0.153 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.155 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 36.777α = 90
b = 51.151β = 90
c = 134.91γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-11-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-01-16
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-12-03
    Changes: Structure summary