4CMR

The crystal structure of novel exo-type maltose-forming amylase(Py04_0872) from Pyrococcus sp. ST04


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Features Underlying the Selective Cleavage of a Novel Exo-Type Maltose-Forming Amylase from Pyrococcus Sp. St04

Park, K.-H.Jung, J.-H.Park, S.-G.Lee, M.-E.Holden, J.F.Park, C.-S.Woo, E.-J.

(2014) Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 70: 1659

  • DOI: 10.1107/S1399004714006567
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4CMR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A novel maltose-forming α-amylase (PSMA) was recently found in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus sp. ST04. This enzyme shows <13% amino-acid sequence identity to other known α-amylases and displays a unique enzymatic property in that it hydrolyzes both α-1,4-glucosidic and α-1,6-glucosidic linkages of substrates, recognizing only maltose units, in an exo-type manner ...

    A novel maltose-forming α-amylase (PSMA) was recently found in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus sp. ST04. This enzyme shows <13% amino-acid sequence identity to other known α-amylases and displays a unique enzymatic property in that it hydrolyzes both α-1,4-glucosidic and α-1,6-glucosidic linkages of substrates, recognizing only maltose units, in an exo-type manner. Here, the crystal structure of PSMA at a resolution of 1.8 Å is reported, showing a tight ring-shaped tetramer with monomers composed of two domains: an N-domain (amino acids 1-341) with a typical GH57 family (β/α)7-barrel fold and a C-domain (amino acids 342-597) composed of α-helical bundles. A small closed cavity observed in proximity to the catalytic residues Glu153 and Asp253 at the domain interface has the appropriate volume and geometry to bind a maltose unit, accounting for the selective exo-type maltose hydrolysis of the enzyme. A narrow gate at the putative subsite +1 formed by residue Phe218 and Phe452 is essential for specific cleavage of glucosidic bonds. The closed cavity at the active site is connected to a short substrate-binding channel that extends to the central hole of the tetramer, exhibiting a geometry that is significantly different from classical maltogenic amylases or β-amylases. The structural features of this novel exo-type maltose-forming α-amylase provide a molecular basis for its unique enzymatic characteristics and for its potential use in industrial applications and protein engineering.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon 305-806, Republic of Korea.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
GLYCOSYL HYDROLASE/DEACETYLASE FAMILY PROTEINA, B597Pyrococcus sp. ST04Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Py04_0872
Find proteins for I3RE04 (Pyrococcus sp. ST04)
Explore I3RE04 
Go to UniProtKB:  I3RE04
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 117.639α = 90
b = 370.794β = 90
c = 82.135γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-10-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-09-23
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 1.2: 2019-10-16
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Experimental preparation, Other