Comparative Structural and Functional Studies of 4-(Thiazol- 5-Yl)-2-(Phenylamino)Pyrimidine-5-Carbonitrile Cdk9 Inhibitors Suggest the Basis for Isotype Selectivity.Hole, A.J., Baumli, S., Shao, H., Shi, S., Pepper, C., Fischer, P.M., Wang, S., Endicott, J.A., Noble, M.E.M.
(2013) J Med Chem 56: 660
- PubMed: 23252711
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jm301495v
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
4BCF, 4BCH, 4BCI, 4BCJ, 4BCK, 4BCM, 4BCN, 4BCO, 4BCQ
- PubMed Abstract:
Cyclin-dependent kinase 9/cyclin T, the protein kinase heterodimer that constitutes positive transcription elongation factor b, is a well-validated target for treatment of several diseases, including cancer and cardiac hypertrophy. In order to aid inhibitor design and rationalize the basis for CDK9 selectivity, we have studied the CDK-binding properties of six different members of a 4-(thiazol-5-yl)-2-(phenylamino)pyrimidine-5-carbonitrile series that bind to both CDK9/cyclin T and CDK2/cyclin A. We find that for a given CDK, the melting temperature of a CDK/cyclin/inhibitor complex correlates well with inhibitor potency, suggesting that differential scanning fluorimetry (DSF) is a useful orthogonal measure of inhibitory activity for this series. We have used DSF to demonstrate that the binding of these compounds is independent of the presence or absence of the C-terminal tail region of CDK9, unlike the binding of the CDK9-selective inhibitor 5,6-dichlorobenzimidazone-1-β-d-ribofuranoside (DRB). Finally, on the basis of 11 cocrystal structures bound to CDK9/cyclin T or CDK2/cyclin A, we conclude that selective inhibition of CDK9/cyclin T by members of the 4-(thiazol-5-yl)-2-(phenylamino)pyrimidine-5-carbonitrile series results from the relative malleability of the CDK9 active site rather than from the formation of specific polar contacts.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, UK.