Crystal structure of the mouse hepatitis virus ns2 phosphodiesterase domain that antagonizes RNase L activationSui, B.K., Huang, J.H., Jha, B.K., Yin, P., Zhou, M., Fu, Z.F., Silverman, R.H., Weiss, S.R., Peng, G.Q., Zhao, L.
(2016) J.Gen.Virol. 97: 880-886
- PubMed: 26757803
- DOI: 10.1099/jgv.0.000395
- PubMed Abstract:
Prior studies have demonstrated that the mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) A59 strain ns2 protein is a member of the 2H phosphoesterase family and exhibits 2',5'-phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity. During the IFN antiviral response, ns2 cleaves 2',5'-oligoad ...
Prior studies have demonstrated that the mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) A59 strain ns2 protein is a member of the 2H phosphoesterase family and exhibits 2',5'-phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity. During the IFN antiviral response, ns2 cleaves 2',5'-oligoadenylate (2-5A), a key mediator of RNase L activation, thereby subverting the activation of RNase L and evading host innate immunity. However, the mechanism of 2-5A cleavage by ns2 remains unclear. Here, we present the crystal structure of the MHV ns2 PDE domain and demonstrate a PDE fold similar to that of the cellular protein, a kinase anchoring protein 7 central domain (AKAP7(CD)) and rotavirus VP3 carboxy-terminal domain. The structure displays a pair of strictly conserved HxT/Sx motifs and forms a deep, positively charged catalytic groove with β-sheets and an arginine-containing loop. These findings provide insight into the structural basis for 2-5A binding of MHV ns2.
5Department of Microbiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.,3National Key Laboratory of Crop Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, PRChina.,4Department of Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA.,1State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, PRChina.,2Department of Cancer Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.