4YX2

Crystal structure of Bovine prion protein complexed with POM1 FAB


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.194 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.263 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

X-ray structural and molecular dynamical studies of the globular domains of cow, deer, elk and Syrian hamster prion proteins.

Baral, P.K.Swayampakula, M.Aguzzi, A.James, M.N.

(2015) J.Struct.Biol. 192: 37-47

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2015.08.014
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Misfolded prion proteins are the cause of neurodegenerative diseases that affect many mammalian species, including humans. Transmission of the prion diseases poses a considerable public-health risk as a specific prion disease such as bovine spongifor ...

    Misfolded prion proteins are the cause of neurodegenerative diseases that affect many mammalian species, including humans. Transmission of the prion diseases poses a considerable public-health risk as a specific prion disease such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy can be transferred to humans and other mammalian species upon contaminant exposure. The underlying mechanism of prion propagation and the species barriers that control cross species transmission has been investigated quite extensively. So far a number of prion strains have been characterized and those have been intimately linked to species-specific infectivity and other pathophysiological manifestations. These strains are encoded by a protein-only agent, and have a high degree of sequence identity across mammalian species. The molecular events that lead to strain differentiation remain elusive. In order to contribute to the understanding of strain differentiation, we have determined the crystal structures of the globular, folded domains of four prion proteins (cow, deer, elk and Syrian hamster) bound to the POM1 antibody fragment Fab. Although the overall structural folds of the mammalian prion proteins remains extremely similar, there are several local structural variations observed in the misfolding-initiator motifs. In additional molecular dynamics simulation studies on these several prion proteins reveal differences in the local fluctuations and imply that these differences have possible roles in the unfolding of the globular domains. These local variations in the structured domains perpetuate diverse patterns of prion misfolding and possibly facilitate the strain selection and adaptation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pathology, Institute of Neuropathology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H7, Canada. Electronic address: michael.james@ualberta.ca.,Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H7, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Major prion protein
A
163Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PRNP (PRP)
Find proteins for P10279 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: PRNP
Go to UniProtKB:  P10279
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
POM1 FAB HEAVY CHAIN
H
218N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
POM1 FAB LIGHT CHAIN
L
213N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.194 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.263 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 89.674α = 90.00
b = 99.764β = 93.08
c = 75.942γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
APRICanada--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-09-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-10-14
    Type: Database references